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Jian Yang

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OWL: A Large Language Model for IT Operations

Sep 17, 2023
Hongcheng Guo, Jian Yang, Jiaheng Liu, Liqun Yang, Linzheng Chai, Jiaqi Bai, Junran Peng, Xiaorong Hu, Chao Chen, Dongfeng Zhang, Xu Shi, Tieqiao Zheng, Liangfan Zheng, Bo Zhang, Ke Xu, Zhoujun Li

With the rapid development of IT operations, it has become increasingly crucial to efficiently manage and analyze large volumes of data for practical applications. The techniques of Natural Language Processing (NLP) have shown remarkable capabilities for various tasks, including named entity recognition, machine translation and dialogue systems. Recently, Large Language Models (LLMs) have achieved significant improvements across various NLP downstream tasks. However, there is a lack of specialized LLMs for IT operations. In this paper, we introduce the OWL, a large language model trained on our collected OWL-Instruct dataset with a wide range of IT-related information, where the mixture-of-adapter strategy is proposed to improve the parameter-efficient tuning across different domains or tasks. Furthermore, we evaluate the performance of our OWL on the OWL-Bench established by us and open IT-related benchmarks. OWL demonstrates superior performance results on IT tasks, which outperforms existing models by significant margins. Moreover, we hope that the findings of our work will provide more insights to revolutionize the techniques of IT operations with specialized LLMs.

* 31 pages 
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Unleashing Potential of Evidence in Knowledge-Intensive Dialogue Generation

Sep 15, 2023
Xianjie Wu, Jian Yang, Tongliang Li, Di Liang, Shiwei Zhang, Yiyang Du, Zhoujun Li

Incorporating external knowledge into dialogue generation (KIDG) is crucial for improving the correctness of response, where evidence fragments serve as knowledgeable snippets supporting the factual dialogue replies. However, introducing irrelevant content often adversely impacts reply quality and easily leads to hallucinated responses. Prior work on evidence retrieval and integration in dialogue systems falls short of fully leveraging existing evidence since the model fails to locate useful fragments accurately and overlooks hidden evidence labels within the KIDG dataset. To fully Unleash the potential of evidence, we propose a framework to effectively incorporate Evidence in knowledge-Intensive Dialogue Generation (u-EIDG). Specifically, we introduce an automatic evidence generation framework that harnesses the power of Large Language Models (LLMs) to mine reliable evidence veracity labels from unlabeled data. By utilizing these evidence labels, we train a reliable evidence indicator to effectively identify relevant evidence from retrieved passages. Furthermore, we propose an evidence-augmented generator with an evidence-focused attention mechanism, which allows the model to concentrate on evidenced segments. Experimental results on MultiDoc2Dial demonstrate the efficacy of evidential label augmentation and refined attention mechanisms in improving model performance. Further analysis confirms that the proposed method outperforms other baselines (+3~+5 points) regarding coherence and factual consistency.

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RigNet++: Efficient Repetitive Image Guided Network for Depth Completion

Sep 15, 2023
Zhiqiang Yan, Xiang Li, Zhenyu Zhang, Jun Li, Jian Yang

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Depth completion aims to recover dense depth maps from sparse ones, where color images are often used to facilitate this task. Recent depth methods primarily focus on image guided learning frameworks. However, blurry guidance in the image and unclear structure in the depth still impede their performance. To tackle these challenges, we explore an efficient repetitive design in our image guided network to gradually and sufficiently recover depth values. Specifically, the efficient repetition is embodied in both the image guidance branch and depth generation branch. In the former branch, we design a dense repetitive hourglass network to extract discriminative image features of complex environments, which can provide powerful contextual instruction for depth prediction. In the latter branch, we introduce a repetitive guidance module based on dynamic convolution, in which an efficient convolution factorization is proposed to reduce the complexity while modeling high-frequency structures progressively. Extensive experiments indicate that our approach achieves superior or competitive results on KITTI, VKITTI, NYUv2, 3D60, and Matterport3D datasets.

* 15 pages. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2107.13802 
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SGFeat: Salient Geometric Feature for Point Cloud Registration

Sep 12, 2023
Qianliang Wu, Yaqing Ding, Lei Luo, Chuanwei Zhou, Jin Xie, Jian Yang

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Point Cloud Registration (PCR) is a critical and challenging task in computer vision. One of the primary difficulties in PCR is identifying salient and meaningful points that exhibit consistent semantic and geometric properties across different scans. Previous methods have encountered challenges with ambiguous matching due to the similarity among patch blocks throughout the entire point cloud and the lack of consideration for efficient global geometric consistency. To address these issues, we propose a new framework that includes several novel techniques. Firstly, we introduce a semantic-aware geometric encoder that combines object-level and patch-level semantic information. This encoder significantly improves registration recall by reducing ambiguity in patch-level superpoint matching. Additionally, we incorporate a prior knowledge approach that utilizes an intrinsic shape signature to identify salient points. This enables us to extract the most salient super points and meaningful dense points in the scene. Secondly, we introduce an innovative transformer that encodes High-Order (HO) geometric features. These features are crucial for identifying salient points within initial overlap regions while considering global high-order geometric consistency. To optimize this high-order transformer further, we introduce an anchor node selection strategy. By encoding inter-frame triangle or polyhedron consistency features based on these anchor nodes, we can effectively learn high-order geometric features of salient super points. These high-order features are then propagated to dense points and utilized by a Sinkhorn matching module to identify key correspondences for successful registration. In our experiments conducted on well-known datasets such as 3DMatch/3DLoMatch and KITTI, our approach has shown promising results, highlighting the effectiveness of our novel method.

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TSSAT: Two-Stage Statistics-Aware Transformation for Artistic Style Transfer

Sep 12, 2023
Haibo Chen, Lei Zhao, Jun Li, Jian Yang

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Artistic style transfer aims to create new artistic images by rendering a given photograph with the target artistic style. Existing methods learn styles simply based on global statistics or local patches, lacking careful consideration of the drawing process in practice. Consequently, the stylization results either fail to capture abundant and diversified local style patterns, or contain undesired semantic information of the style image and deviate from the global style distribution. To address this issue, we imitate the drawing process of humans and propose a Two-Stage Statistics-Aware Transformation (TSSAT) module, which first builds the global style foundation by aligning the global statistics of content and style features and then further enriches local style details by swapping the local statistics (instead of local features) in a patch-wise manner, significantly improving the stylization effects. Moreover, to further enhance both content and style representations, we introduce two novel losses: an attention-based content loss and a patch-based style loss, where the former enables better content preservation by enforcing the semantic relation in the content image to be retained during stylization, and the latter focuses on increasing the local style similarity between the style and stylized images. Extensive qualitative and quantitative experiments verify the effectiveness of our method.

* Accepted by ACM MM 2023 
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Punctate White Matter Lesion Segmentation in Preterm Infants Powered by Counterfactually Generative Learning

Sep 07, 2023
Zehua Ren, Yongheng Sun, Miaomiao Wang, Yuying Feng, Xianjun Li, Chao Jin, Jian Yang, Chunfeng Lian, Fan Wang

Accurate segmentation of punctate white matter lesions (PWMLs) are fundamental for the timely diagnosis and treatment of related developmental disorders. Automated PWMLs segmentation from infant brain MR images is challenging, considering that the lesions are typically small and low-contrast, and the number of lesions may dramatically change across subjects. Existing learning-based methods directly apply general network architectures to this challenging task, which may fail to capture detailed positional information of PWMLs, potentially leading to severe under-segmentations. In this paper, we propose to leverage the idea of counterfactual reasoning coupled with the auxiliary task of brain tissue segmentation to learn fine-grained positional and morphological representations of PWMLs for accurate localization and segmentation. A simple and easy-to-implement deep-learning framework (i.e., DeepPWML) is accordingly designed. It combines the lesion counterfactual map with the tissue probability map to train a lightweight PWML segmentation network, demonstrating state-of-the-art performance on a real-clinical dataset of infant T1w MR images. The code is available at \href{}{}.

* 10 pages, 3 figures, Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention(MICCAI) 
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Trust your Good Friends: Source-free Domain Adaptation by Reciprocal Neighborhood Clustering

Sep 01, 2023
Shiqi Yang, Yaxing Wang, Joost van de Weijer, Luis Herranz, Shangling Jui, Jian Yang

Domain adaptation (DA) aims to alleviate the domain shift between source domain and target domain. Most DA methods require access to the source data, but often that is not possible (e.g. due to data privacy or intellectual property). In this paper, we address the challenging source-free domain adaptation (SFDA) problem, where the source pretrained model is adapted to the target domain in the absence of source data. Our method is based on the observation that target data, which might not align with the source domain classifier, still forms clear clusters. We capture this intrinsic structure by defining local affinity of the target data, and encourage label consistency among data with high local affinity. We observe that higher affinity should be assigned to reciprocal neighbors. To aggregate information with more context, we consider expanded neighborhoods with small affinity values. Furthermore, we consider the density around each target sample, which can alleviate the negative impact of potential outliers. In the experimental results we verify that the inherent structure of the target features is an important source of information for domain adaptation. We demonstrate that this local structure can be efficiently captured by considering the local neighbors, the reciprocal neighbors, and the expanded neighborhood. Finally, we achieve state-of-the-art performance on several 2D image and 3D point cloud recognition datasets.

* Accepted by IEEE TPAMI, extended version of conference paper arXiv:2110.04202 
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AltNeRF: Learning Robust Neural Radiance Field via Alternating Depth-Pose Optimization

Aug 19, 2023
Kun Wang, Zhiqiang Yan, Huang Tian, Zhenyu Zhang, Xiang Li, Jun Li, Jian Yang

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Neural Radiance Fields (NeRF) have shown promise in generating realistic novel views from sparse scene images. However, existing NeRF approaches often encounter challenges due to the lack of explicit 3D supervision and imprecise camera poses, resulting in suboptimal outcomes. To tackle these issues, we propose AltNeRF -- a novel framework designed to create resilient NeRF representations using self-supervised monocular depth estimation (SMDE) from monocular videos, without relying on known camera poses. SMDE in AltNeRF masterfully learns depth and pose priors to regulate NeRF training. The depth prior enriches NeRF's capacity for precise scene geometry depiction, while the pose prior provides a robust starting point for subsequent pose refinement. Moreover, we introduce an alternating algorithm that harmoniously melds NeRF outputs into SMDE through a consistence-driven mechanism, thus enhancing the integrity of depth priors. This alternation empowers AltNeRF to progressively refine NeRF representations, yielding the synthesis of realistic novel views. Additionally, we curate a distinctive dataset comprising indoor videos captured via mobile devices. Extensive experiments showcase the compelling capabilities of AltNeRF in generating high-fidelity and robust novel views that closely resemble reality.

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