Training AI models has always been challenging, especially when there is a need for custom models to provide personalized services. Algorithm engineers often face a lengthy process to iteratively develop models tailored to specific business requirements, making it even more difficult for non-experts. The quest for high-quality and efficient model development, along with the emergence of Large Language Model (LLM) Agents, has become a key focus in the industry. Leveraging the powerful analytical, planning, and decision-making capabilities of LLM, we propose a TrainerAgent system comprising a multi-agent framework including Task, Data, Model and Server agents. These agents analyze user-defined tasks, input data, and requirements (e.g., accuracy, speed), optimizing them comprehensively from both data and model perspectives to obtain satisfactory models, and finally deploy these models as online service. Experimental evaluations on classical discriminative and generative tasks in computer vision and natural language processing domains demonstrate that our system consistently produces models that meet the desired criteria. Furthermore, the system exhibits the ability to critically identify and reject unattainable tasks, such as fantastical scenarios or unethical requests, ensuring robustness and safety. This research presents a significant advancement in achieving desired models with increased efficiency and quality as compared to traditional model development, facilitated by the integration of LLM-powered analysis, decision-making, and execution capabilities, as well as the collaboration among four agents. We anticipate that our work will contribute to the advancement of research on TrainerAgent in both academic and industry communities, potentially establishing it as a new paradigm for model development in the field of AI.
Given an arbitrary audio clip, audio-driven 3D facial animation aims to generate lifelike lip motions and facial expressions for a 3D head. Existing methods typically rely on training their models using limited public 3D datasets that contain a restricted number of audio-3D scan pairs. Consequently, their generalization capability remains limited. In this paper, we propose a novel method that leverages in-the-wild 2D talking-head videos to train our 3D facial animation model. The abundance of easily accessible 2D talking-head videos equips our model with a robust generalization capability. By combining these videos with existing 3D face reconstruction methods, our model excels in generating consistent and high-fidelity lip synchronization. Additionally, our model proficiently captures the speaking styles of different individuals, allowing it to generate 3D talking-heads with distinct personal styles. Extensive qualitative and quantitative experimental results demonstrate the superiority of our method.
Knowledge Distillation (KD) uses the teacher's prediction logits as soft labels to guide the student, while self-KD does not need a real teacher to require the soft labels. This work unifies the formulations of the two tasks by decomposing and reorganizing the generic KD loss into a Normalized KD (NKD) loss and customized soft labels for both target class (image's category) and non-target classes named Universal Self-Knowledge Distillation (USKD). We decompose the KD loss and find the non-target loss from it forces the student's non-target logits to match the teacher's, but the sum of the two non-target logits is different, preventing them from being identical. NKD normalizes the non-target logits to equalize their sum. It can be generally used for KD and self-KD to better use the soft labels for distillation loss. USKD generates customized soft labels for both target and non-target classes without a teacher. It smooths the target logit of the student as the soft target label and uses the rank of the intermediate feature to generate the soft non-target labels with Zipf's law. For KD with teachers, our NKD achieves state-of-the-art performance on CIFAR-100 and ImageNet datasets, boosting the ImageNet Top-1 accuracy of ResNet18 from 69.90% to 71.96% with a ResNet-34 teacher. For self-KD without teachers, USKD is the first self-KD method that can be effectively applied to both CNN and ViT models with negligible additional time and memory cost, resulting in new state-of-the-art results, such as 1.17% and 0.55% accuracy gains on ImageNet for MobileNet and DeiT-Tiny, respectively. Our codes are available at https://github.com/yzd-v/cls_KD.
3D Morphable Models (3DMMs) demonstrate great potential for reconstructing faithful and animatable 3D facial surfaces from a single image. The facial surface is influenced by the coarse shape, as well as the static detail (e,g., person-specific appearance) and dynamic detail (e.g., expression-driven wrinkles). Previous work struggles to decouple the static and dynamic details through image-level supervision, leading to reconstructions that are not realistic. In this paper, we aim at high-fidelity 3D face reconstruction and propose HiFace to explicitly model the static and dynamic details. Specifically, the static detail is modeled as the linear combination of a displacement basis, while the dynamic detail is modeled as the linear interpolation of two displacement maps with polarized expressions. We exploit several loss functions to jointly learn the coarse shape and fine details with both synthetic and real-world datasets, which enable HiFace to reconstruct high-fidelity 3D shapes with animatable details. Extensive quantitative and qualitative experiments demonstrate that HiFace presents state-of-the-art reconstruction quality and faithfully recovers both the static and dynamic details. Our project page can be found at https://project-hiface.github.io
Knowledge Distillation (KD) has developed extensively and boosted various tasks. The classical KD method adds the KD loss to the original cross-entropy (CE) loss. We try to decompose the KD loss to explore its relation with the CE loss. Surprisingly, we find it can be regarded as a combination of the CE loss and an extra loss which has the identical form as the CE loss. However, we notice the extra loss forces the student's relative probability to learn the teacher's absolute probability. Moreover, the sum of the two probabilities is different, making it hard to optimize. To address this issue, we revise the formulation and propose a distributed loss. In addition, we utilize teachers' target output as the soft target, proposing the soft loss. Combining the soft loss and the distributed loss, we propose a new KD loss (NKD). Furthermore, we smooth students' target output to treat it as the soft target for training without teachers and propose a teacher-free new KD loss (tf-NKD). Our method achieves state-of-the-art performance on CIFAR-100 and ImageNet. For example, with ResNet-34 as the teacher, we boost the ImageNet Top-1 accuracy of ResNet18 from 69.90% to 71.96%. In training without teachers, MobileNet, ResNet-18 and SwinTransformer-Tiny achieve 70.04%, 70.76%, and 81.48%, which are 0.83%, 0.86%, and 0.30% higher than the baseline, respectively. The code is available at https://github.com/yzd-v/cls_KD.