Trajectory prediction plays a vital role in automotive radar systems, facilitating precise tracking and decision-making in autonomous driving. Generative adversarial networks with the ability to learn a distribution over future trajectories tend to predict out-of-distribution samples, which typically occurs when the distribution of forthcoming paths comprises a blend of various manifolds that may be disconnected. To address this issue, we propose a trajectory prediction framework, which can capture the social interaction variations and model disconnected manifolds of pedestrian trajectories. Our framework is based on a fused spatiotemporal graph to better model the complex interactions of pedestrians in a scene, and a multi-generator architecture that incorporates a flexible generator selector network on generated trajectories to learn a distribution over multiple generators. We show that our framework achieves state-of-the-art performance compared with several baselines on different challenging datasets.
This study presents a novel multimodal fusion model for three-dimensional mineral prospectivity mapping (3D MPM), effectively integrating structural and fluid information through a deep network architecture. Leveraging Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) and Multilayer Perceptrons (MLP), the model employs canonical correlation analysis (CCA) to align and fuse multimodal features. Rigorous evaluation on the Jiaojia gold deposit dataset demonstrates the model's superior performance in distinguishing ore-bearing instances and predicting mineral prospectivity, outperforming other models in result analyses. Ablation studies further reveal the benefits of joint feature utilization and CCA incorporation. This research not only advances mineral prospectivity modeling but also highlights the pivotal role of data integration and feature alignment for enhanced exploration decision-making.
As a team studying the predictors of complications after lung surgery, we have encountered high missingness of data on one-lung ventilation (OLV) start and end times due to high clinical workload and cognitive overload during surgery. Such missing data limit the precision and clinical applicability of our findings. We hypothesized that available intraoperative mechanical ventilation and physiological time-series data combined with other clinical events could be used to accurately predict missing start and end times of OLV. Such a predictive model can recover existing miss-documented records and relieves the documentation burden by deploying it in clinical settings. To this end, we develop a deep learning model to predict the occurrence and timing of OLV based on routinely collected intraoperative data. Our approach combines the variables' spatial and frequency domain features, using Transformer encoders to model the temporal evolution and convolutional neural network to abstract frequency-of-interest from wavelet spectrum images. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated on a benchmark dataset curated from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH). Experiments show our approach outperforms baseline methods significantly and produces a satisfactory accuracy for clinical use.
* Accepted to AAAI-2023 Workshop on Health Intelligence
The three-dimensional (3D) geological models are the typical and key data source in the 3D mineral prospecitivity modeling. Identifying prospectivity-informative predictor variables from the 3D geological models is a challenging and tedious task. Motivated by the ability of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to learn the intrinsic features, in this paper, we present a novel method that leverages CNNs to learn 3D mineral prospectivity from the 3D geological models. By exploiting the learning ability of CNNs, the presented method allows for disentangling complex correlation to the mineralization and thus opens a door to circumvent the tedious work for designing the predictor variables. Specifically, to explore the unstructured 3D geological models with the CNNs whose input should be structured, we develop a 2D CNN framework in which the geometry of geological boundary is compiled and reorganized into multi-channel images and fed into the CNN. This ensures an effective and efficient training of CNNs while allowing the prospective model to approximate the ore-forming process. The presented method is applied to a typical structure-controlled hydrothermal deposit, the Dayingezhuang gold deposit, eastern China, in which the presented method was compared with the prospectivity modeling methods using hand-designed predictor variables. The results demonstrate the presented method capacitates a performance boost of the 3D prospectivity modeling and empowers us to decrease work-load and prospecting risk in prediction of deep-seated orebodies.
Medical data are valuable for improvement of health care, policy making and many other purposes. Vast amount of medical data are stored in different locations ,on many different devices and in different data silos. Sharing medical data among different sources is a big challenge due to regulatory , operational and security reasons. One potential solution is federated machine learning ,which a method that sends machine learning algorithms simultaneously to all data sources ,train models in each source and aggregates the learned models. This strategy allows utilization of valuable data without moving them. In this article, we proposed an adaptive boosting method that increases the efficiency of federated machine learning. Using intensive care unit data from hospital, we showed that LoAdaBoost federated learning outperformed baseline method and increased communication efficiency at negligible additional cost.
In this paper, we take a new look at the possibilistic c-means (PCM) and adaptive PCM (APCM) clustering algorithms from the perspective of uncertainty. This new perspective offers us insights into the clustering process, and also provides us greater degree of flexibility. We analyze the clustering behavior of PCM-based algorithms and introduce parameters $\sigma_v$ and $\alpha$ to characterize uncertainty of estimated bandwidth and noise level of the dataset respectively. Then uncertainty (fuzziness) of membership values caused by uncertainty of the estimated bandwidth parameter is modeled by a conditional fuzzy set, which is a new formulation of the type-2 fuzzy set. Experiments show that parameters $\sigma_v$ and $\alpha$ make the clustering process more easy to control, and main features of PCM and APCM are unified in this new clustering framework (UPCM). More specifically, UPCM reduces to PCM when we set a small $\alpha$ or a large $\sigma_v$, and UPCM reduces to APCM when clusters are confined in their physical clusters and possible cluster elimination are ensured. Finally we present further researches of this paper.