This paper reviews the NTIRE 2022 challenge on efficient single image super-resolution with focus on the proposed solutions and results. The task of the challenge was to super-resolve an input image with a magnification factor of $\times$4 based on pairs of low and corresponding high resolution images. The aim was to design a network for single image super-resolution that achieved improvement of efficiency measured according to several metrics including runtime, parameters, FLOPs, activations, and memory consumption while at least maintaining the PSNR of 29.00dB on DIV2K validation set. IMDN is set as the baseline for efficiency measurement. The challenge had 3 tracks including the main track (runtime), sub-track one (model complexity), and sub-track two (overall performance). In the main track, the practical runtime performance of the submissions was evaluated. The rank of the teams were determined directly by the absolute value of the average runtime on the validation set and test set. In sub-track one, the number of parameters and FLOPs were considered. And the individual rankings of the two metrics were summed up to determine a final ranking in this track. In sub-track two, all of the five metrics mentioned in the description of the challenge including runtime, parameter count, FLOPs, activations, and memory consumption were considered. Similar to sub-track one, the rankings of five metrics were summed up to determine a final ranking. The challenge had 303 registered participants, and 43 teams made valid submissions. They gauge the state-of-the-art in efficient single image super-resolution.
This work addresses the Burst Super-Resolution (BurstSR) task using a new architecture, which requires restoring a high-quality image from a sequence of noisy, misaligned, and low-resolution RAW bursts. To overcome the challenges in BurstSR, we propose a Burst Super-Resolution Transformer (BSRT), which can significantly improve the capability of extracting inter-frame information and reconstruction. To achieve this goal, we propose a Pyramid Flow-Guided Deformable Convolution Network (Pyramid FG-DCN) and incorporate Swin Transformer Blocks and Groups as our main backbone. More specifically, we combine optical flows and deformable convolutions, hence our BSRT can handle misalignment and aggregate the potential texture information in multi-frames more efficiently. In addition, our Transformer-based structure can capture long-range dependency to further improve the performance. The evaluation on both synthetic and real-world tracks demonstrates that our approach achieves a new state-of-the-art in BurstSR task. Further, our BSRT wins the championship in the NTIRE2022 Burst Super-Resolution Challenge.
Image denoising is one of the most critical problems in mobile photo processing. While many solutions have been proposed for this task, they are usually working with synthetic data and are too computationally expensive to run on mobile devices. To address this problem, we introduce the first Mobile AI challenge, where the target is to develop an end-to-end deep learning-based image denoising solution that can demonstrate high efficiency on smartphone GPUs. For this, the participants were provided with a novel large-scale dataset consisting of noisy-clean image pairs captured in the wild. The runtime of all models was evaluated on the Samsung Exynos 2100 chipset with a powerful Mali GPU capable of accelerating floating-point and quantized neural networks. The proposed solutions are fully compatible with any mobile GPU and are capable of processing 480p resolution images under 40-80 ms while achieving high fidelity results. A detailed description of all models developed in the challenge is provided in this paper.
In this paper, we introduce NBNet, a novel framework for image denoising. Unlike previous works, we propose to tackle this challenging problem from a new perspective: noise reduction by image-adaptive projection. Specifically, we propose to train a network that can separate signal and noise by learning a set of reconstruction basis in the feature space. Subsequently, image denosing can be achieved by selecting corresponding basis of the signal subspace and projecting the input into such space. Our key insight is that projection can naturally maintain the local structure of input signal, especially for areas with low light or weak textures. Towards this end, we propose SSA, a non-local subspace attention module designed explicitly to learn the basis generation as well as the subspace projection. We further incorporate SSA with NBNet, a UNet structured network designed for end-to-end image denosing. We conduct evaluations on benchmarks, including SIDD and DND, and NBNet achieves state-of-the-art performance on PSNR and SSIM with significantly less computational cost.
Mode collapse is one of the key challenges in the training of Generative Adversarial Networks(GANs). Previous approaches have tried to address this challenge either by changing the loss of GANs, or by modifying optimization strategies. We argue that it is more desirable if we can find the underlying structure of real data and build a structured generative model to further get rid of mode collapse. To this end, we propose Latent Dirichlet Allocation based Generative Adversarial Networks (LDAGAN), which have high capacity of modeling complex image data. Moreover, we optimize our model by combing variational expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm with adversarial learning. Stochastic optimization strategy ensures the training process of LDAGAN is not time consuming. Experimental results demonstrate our method outperforms the existing standard CNN based GANs on the task of image generation.