Alert button
Picture for Zheng Zhang

Zheng Zhang

Alert button

Partition-A-Medical-Image: Extracting Multiple Representative Sub-regions for Few-shot Medical Image Segmentation

Sep 20, 2023
Yazhou Zhu, Shidong Wang, Tong Xin, Zheng Zhang, Haofeng Zhang

Few-shot Medical Image Segmentation (FSMIS) is a more promising solution for medical image segmentation tasks where high-quality annotations are naturally scarce. However, current mainstream methods primarily focus on extracting holistic representations from support images with large intra-class variations in appearance and background, and encounter difficulties in adapting to query images. In this work, we present an approach to extract multiple representative sub-regions from a given support medical image, enabling fine-grained selection over the generated image regions. Specifically, the foreground of the support image is decomposed into distinct regions, which are subsequently used to derive region-level representations via a designed Regional Prototypical Learning (RPL) module. We then introduce a novel Prototypical Representation Debiasing (PRD) module based on a two-way elimination mechanism which suppresses the disturbance of regional representations by a self-support, Multi-direction Self-debiasing (MS) block, and a support-query, Interactive Debiasing (ID) block. Finally, an Assembled Prediction (AP) module is devised to balance and integrate predictions of multiple prototypical representations learned using stacked PRD modules. Results obtained through extensive experiments on three publicly accessible medical imaging datasets demonstrate consistent improvements over the leading FSMIS methods. The source code is available at

Viaarxiv icon

Unsupervised Open-Vocabulary Object Localization in Videos

Sep 18, 2023
Ke Fan, Zechen Bai, Tianjun Xiao, Dominik Zietlow, Max Horn, Zixu Zhao, Carl-Johann Simon-Gabriel, Mike Zheng Shou, Francesco Locatello, Bernt Schiele, Thomas Brox, Zheng Zhang, Yanwei Fu, Tong He

In this paper, we show that recent advances in video representation learning and pre-trained vision-language models allow for substantial improvements in self-supervised video object localization. We propose a method that first localizes objects in videos via a slot attention approach and then assigns text to the obtained slots. The latter is achieved by an unsupervised way to read localized semantic information from the pre-trained CLIP model. The resulting video object localization is entirely unsupervised apart from the implicit annotation contained in CLIP, and it is effectively the first unsupervised approach that yields good results on regular video benchmarks.

* Accepted by ICCV 2023 
Viaarxiv icon

FLM-101B: An Open LLM and How to Train It with $100K Budget

Sep 17, 2023
Xiang Li, Yiqun Yao, Xin Jiang, Xuezhi Fang, Xuying Meng, Siqi Fan, Peng Han, Jing Li, Li Du, Bowen Qin, Zheng Zhang, Aixin Sun, Yequan Wang

Figure 1 for FLM-101B: An Open LLM and How to Train It with $100K Budget
Figure 2 for FLM-101B: An Open LLM and How to Train It with $100K Budget
Figure 3 for FLM-101B: An Open LLM and How to Train It with $100K Budget
Figure 4 for FLM-101B: An Open LLM and How to Train It with $100K Budget

Large language models (LLMs) have achieved remarkable success in NLP and multimodal tasks, among others. Despite these successes, two main challenges remain in developing LLMs: (i) high computational cost, and (ii) fair and objective evaluations. In this paper, we report a solution to significantly reduce LLM training cost through a growth strategy. We demonstrate that a 101B-parameter LLM with 0.31T tokens can be trained with a budget of 100K US dollars. Inspired by IQ tests, we also consolidate an additional range of evaluations on top of existing evaluations that focus on knowledge-oriented abilities. These IQ evaluations include symbolic mapping, rule understanding, pattern mining, and anti-interference. Such evaluations minimize the potential impact of memorization. Experimental results show that our model, named FLM-101B, trained with a budget of 100K US dollars, achieves performance comparable to powerful and well-known models, e.g., GPT-3 and GLM-130B, especially on the additional range of IQ evaluations. The checkpoint of FLM-101B is released at

Viaarxiv icon

InstructDiffusion: A Generalist Modeling Interface for Vision Tasks

Sep 07, 2023
Zigang Geng, Binxin Yang, Tiankai Hang, Chen Li, Shuyang Gu, Ting Zhang, Jianmin Bao, Zheng Zhang, Han Hu, Dong Chen, Baining Guo

We present InstructDiffusion, a unifying and generic framework for aligning computer vision tasks with human instructions. Unlike existing approaches that integrate prior knowledge and pre-define the output space (e.g., categories and coordinates) for each vision task, we cast diverse vision tasks into a human-intuitive image-manipulating process whose output space is a flexible and interactive pixel space. Concretely, the model is built upon the diffusion process and is trained to predict pixels according to user instructions, such as encircling the man's left shoulder in red or applying a blue mask to the left car. InstructDiffusion could handle a variety of vision tasks, including understanding tasks (such as segmentation and keypoint detection) and generative tasks (such as editing and enhancement). It even exhibits the ability to handle unseen tasks and outperforms prior methods on novel datasets. This represents a significant step towards a generalist modeling interface for vision tasks, advancing artificial general intelligence in the field of computer vision.

Viaarxiv icon

Object-Centric Multiple Object Tracking

Sep 05, 2023
Zixu Zhao, Jiaze Wang, Max Horn, Yizhuo Ding, Tong He, Zechen Bai, Dominik Zietlow, Carl-Johann Simon-Gabriel, Bing Shuai, Zhuowen Tu, Thomas Brox, Bernt Schiele, Yanwei Fu, Francesco Locatello, Zheng Zhang, Tianjun Xiao

Unsupervised object-centric learning methods allow the partitioning of scenes into entities without additional localization information and are excellent candidates for reducing the annotation burden of multiple-object tracking (MOT) pipelines. Unfortunately, they lack two key properties: objects are often split into parts and are not consistently tracked over time. In fact, state-of-the-art models achieve pixel-level accuracy and temporal consistency by relying on supervised object detection with additional ID labels for the association through time. This paper proposes a video object-centric model for MOT. It consists of an index-merge module that adapts the object-centric slots into detection outputs and an object memory module that builds complete object prototypes to handle occlusions. Benefited from object-centric learning, we only require sparse detection labels (0%-6.25%) for object localization and feature binding. Relying on our self-supervised Expectation-Maximization-inspired loss for object association, our approach requires no ID labels. Our experiments significantly narrow the gap between the existing object-centric model and the fully supervised state-of-the-art and outperform several unsupervised trackers.

* ICCV 2023 camera-ready version 
Viaarxiv icon

Coarse-to-Fine Amodal Segmentation with Shape Prior

Aug 31, 2023
Jianxiong Gao, Xuelin Qian, Yikai Wang, Tianjun Xiao, Tong He, Zheng Zhang, Yanwei Fu

Amodal object segmentation is a challenging task that involves segmenting both visible and occluded parts of an object. In this paper, we propose a novel approach, called Coarse-to-Fine Segmentation (C2F-Seg), that addresses this problem by progressively modeling the amodal segmentation. C2F-Seg initially reduces the learning space from the pixel-level image space to the vector-quantized latent space. This enables us to better handle long-range dependencies and learn a coarse-grained amodal segment from visual features and visible segments. However, this latent space lacks detailed information about the object, which makes it difficult to provide a precise segmentation directly. To address this issue, we propose a convolution refine module to inject fine-grained information and provide a more precise amodal object segmentation based on visual features and coarse-predicted segmentation. To help the studies of amodal object segmentation, we create a synthetic amodal dataset, named as MOViD-Amodal (MOViD-A), which can be used for both image and video amodal object segmentation. We extensively evaluate our model on two benchmark datasets: KINS and COCO-A. Our empirical results demonstrate the superiority of C2F-Seg. Moreover, we exhibit the potential of our approach for video amodal object segmentation tasks on FISHBOWL and our proposed MOViD-A. Project page at:

* Accepted to ICCV 2023 
Viaarxiv icon

Optical flow-based vascular respiratory motion compensation

Aug 31, 2023
Keke Yang, Zheng Zhang, Meng Li, Tuoyu Cao, Maani Ghaffari, Jingwei Song

This paper develops a new vascular respiratory motion compensation algorithm, Motion-Related Compensation (MRC), to conduct vascular respiratory motion compensation by extrapolating the correlation between invisible vascular and visible non-vascular. Robot-assisted vascular intervention can significantly reduce the radiation exposure of surgeons. In robot-assisted image-guided intervention, blood vessels are constantly moving/deforming due to respiration, and they are invisible in the X-ray images unless contrast agents are injected. The vascular respiratory motion compensation technique predicts 2D vascular roadmaps in live X-ray images. When blood vessels are visible after contrast agents injection, vascular respiratory motion compensation is conducted based on the sparse Lucas-Kanade feature tracker. An MRC model is trained to learn the correlation between vascular and non-vascular motions. During the intervention, the invisible blood vessels are predicted with visible tissues and the trained MRC model. Moreover, a Gaussian-based outlier filter is adopted for refinement. Experiments on in-vivo data sets show that the proposed method can yield vascular respiratory motion compensation in 0.032 sec, with an average error 1.086 mm. Our real-time and accurate vascular respiratory motion compensation approach contributes to modern vascular intervention and surgical robots.

* This manuscript has been accepted by IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 
Viaarxiv icon

Cross-Modal Retrieval: A Systematic Review of Methods and Future Directions

Aug 28, 2023
Lei Zhu, Tianshi Wang, Fengling Li, Jingjing Li, Zheng Zhang, Heng Tao Shen

With the exponential surge in diverse multi-modal data, traditional uni-modal retrieval methods struggle to meet the needs of users demanding access to data from various modalities. To address this, cross-modal retrieval has emerged, enabling interaction across modalities, facilitating semantic matching, and leveraging complementarity and consistency between different modal data. Although prior literature undertook a review of the cross-modal retrieval field, it exhibits numerous deficiencies pertaining to timeliness, taxonomy, and comprehensiveness. This paper conducts a comprehensive review of cross-modal retrieval's evolution, spanning from shallow statistical analysis techniques to vision-language pre-training models. Commencing with a comprehensive taxonomy grounded in machine learning paradigms, mechanisms, and models, the paper then delves deeply into the principles and architectures underpinning existing cross-modal retrieval methods. Furthermore, it offers an overview of widely used benchmarks, metrics, and performances. Lastly, the paper probes the prospects and challenges that confront contemporary cross-modal retrieval, while engaging in a discourse on potential directions for further progress in the field. To facilitate the research on cross-modal retrieval, we develop an open-source code repository at

Viaarxiv icon