We present a novel framework that concurrently tackles hand action recognition and 3D future hand motion prediction. While previous works focus on either recognition or prediction, we propose a generative Transformer VAE architecture to jointly capture both aspects, facilitating realistic motion prediction by leveraging the short-term hand motion and long-term action consistency observed across timestamps.To ensure faithful representation of the semantic dependency and different temporal granularity of hand pose and action, our framework is decomposed into two cascaded VAE blocks. The lower pose block models short-span poses, while the upper action block models long-span action. These are connected by a mid-level feature that represents sub-second series of hand poses.Our framework is trained across multiple datasets, where pose and action blocks are trained separately to fully utilize pose-action annotations of different qualities. Evaluations show that on multiple datasets, the joint modeling of recognition and prediction improves over separate solutions, and the semantic and temporal hierarchy enables long-term pose and action modeling.
LLMs usually exhibit limitations in their ability to incorporate new knowledge, the generation of hallucinations, and the transparency of their decision-making process. In this paper, we explore how to prompt LLMs with knowledge graphs (KG), working as a remedy to engage LLMs with up-to-date knowledge and elicit the reasoning pathways from LLMs. Specifically, we build a prompting pipeline that endows LLMs with the capability of comprehending KG inputs and inferring with a combined implicit knowledge and the retrieved external knowledge. In addition, we investigate eliciting the mind map on which LLMs perform the reasoning and generate the answers. It is identified that the produced mind map exhibits the reasoning pathways of LLMs grounded on the ontology of knowledge, hence bringing the prospects of probing and gauging LLM inference in production. The experiments on three question & answering datasets also show that MindMap prompting leads to a striking empirical gain. For instance, prompting a GPT-3.5 with MindMap yields an overwhelming performance over GPT-4 consistently. We also demonstrate that with structured facts retrieved from KG, MindMap can outperform a series of prompting-with-document-retrieval methods, benefiting from more accurate, concise, and comprehensive knowledge from KGs.
Multimodal knowledge graph link prediction aims to improve the accuracy and efficiency of link prediction tasks for multimodal data. However, for complex multimodal information and sparse training data, it is usually difficult to achieve interpretability and high accuracy simultaneously for most methods. To address this difficulty, a new model is developed in this paper, namely Interpretable Multimodal Knowledge Graph Answer Prediction via Sequence Modeling (IMKGA-SM). First, a multi-modal fine-grained fusion method is proposed, and Vgg16 and Optical Character Recognition (OCR) techniques are adopted to effectively extract text information from images and images. Then, the knowledge graph link prediction task is modelled as an offline reinforcement learning Markov decision model, which is then abstracted into a unified sequence framework. An interactive perception-based reward expectation mechanism and a special causal masking mechanism are designed, which "converts" the query into an inference path. Then, an autoregressive dynamic gradient adjustment mechanism is proposed to alleviate the insufficient problem of multimodal optimization. Finally, two datasets are adopted for experiments, and the popular SOTA baselines are used for comparison. The results show that the developed IMKGA-SM achieves much better performance than SOTA baselines on multimodal link prediction datasets of different sizes.
Understanding dynamic hand motions and actions from egocentric RGB videos is a fundamental yet challenging task due to self-occlusion and ambiguity. To address occlusion and ambiguity, we develop a transformer-based framework to exploit temporal information for robust estimation. Noticing the different temporal granularity of and the semantic correlation between hand pose estimation and action recognition, we build a network hierarchy with two cascaded transformer encoders, where the first one exploits the short-term temporal cue for hand pose estimation, and the latter aggregates per-frame pose and object information over a longer time span to recognize the action. Our approach achieves competitive results on two first-person hand action benchmarks, namely FPHA and H2O. Extensive ablation studies verify our design choices. We will open-source code and data to facilitate future research.
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In this paper, we present a generalizable model-free 6-DoF object pose estimator called Gen6D. Existing generalizable pose estimators either need high-quality object models or require additional depth maps or object masks in test time, which significantly limits their application scope. In contrast, our pose estimator only requires some posed images of the unseen object and is able to accurately predict the poses of the object in arbitrary environments. Gen6D consists of an object detector, a viewpoint selector and a pose refiner, all of which do not require the 3D object model and can generalize to unseen objects. Experiments show that Gen6D achieves state-of-the-art results on two model-free datasets: the MOPED dataset and a new GenMOP dataset collected by us. In addition, on the LINEMOD dataset, Gen6D achieves competitive results compared with instance-specific pose estimators. Project page: https://liuyuan-pal.github.io/Gen6D/.
6D pose estimation of rigid objects from a single RGB image has seen tremendous improvements recently by using deep learning to combat complex real-world variations, but a majority of methods build models on the per-object level, failing to scale to multiple objects simultaneously. In this paper, we present a novel approach for scalable 6D pose estimation, by self-supervised learning on synthetic data of multiple objects using a single autoencoder. To handle multiple objects and generalize to unseen objects, we disentangle the latent object shape and pose representations, so that the latent shape space models shape similarities, and the latent pose code is used for rotation retrieval by comparison with canonical rotations. To encourage shape space construction, we apply contrastive metric learning and enable the processing of unseen objects by referring to similar training objects. The different symmetries across objects induce inconsistent latent pose spaces, which we capture with a conditioned block producing shape-dependent pose codebooks by re-entangling shape and pose representations. We test our method on two multi-object benchmarks with real data, T-LESS and NOCS REAL275, and show it outperforms existing RGB-based methods in terms of pose estimation accuracy and generalization.