In recent years, videos and images in 720p (HD), 1080p (FHD) and 4K (UHD) resolution have become more popular for display devices such as TVs, mobile phones and VR. However, these high resolution images cannot achieve the expected visual effect due to the limitation of the internet bandwidth, and bring a great challenge for super-resolution networks to achieve real-time performance. Following this challenge, we explore multiple efficient network designs, such as pixel-unshuffle, repeat upscaling, and local skip connection removal, and propose a fast and lightweight super-resolution network. Furthermore, by analyzing the applications of the idea of divide-and-conquer in super-resolution, we propose assembled convolutions which can adapt convolution kernels according to the input features. Experiments suggest that our method outperforms all the state-of-the-art efficient super-resolution models, and achieves optimal results in terms of runtime and quality. In addition, our method also wins the first place in NTIRE 2023 Real-Time Super-Resolution - Track 1 ($\times$2). The code will be available at https://gitee.com/mindspore/models/tree/master/research/cv/AsConvSR
In image super-resolution, both pixel-wise accuracy and perceptual fidelity are desirable. However, most deep learning methods only achieve high performance in one aspect due to the perception-distortion trade-off, and works that successfully balance the trade-off rely on fusing results from separately trained models with ad-hoc post-processing. In this paper, we propose a novel super-resolution model with a low-frequency constraint (LFc-SR), which balances the objective and perceptual quality through a single model and yields super-resolved images with high PSNR and perceptual scores. We further introduce an ADMM-based alternating optimization method for the non-trivial learning of the constrained model. Experiments showed that our method, without cumbersome post-processing procedures, achieved the state-of-the-art performance. The code is available at https://github.com/Yuehan717/PDASR.
This paper reviews the first NTIRE challenge on quality enhancement of compressed video, with a focus on the proposed methods and results. In this challenge, the new Large-scale Diverse Video (LDV) dataset is employed. The challenge has three tracks. Tracks 1 and 2 aim at enhancing the videos compressed by HEVC at a fixed QP, while Track 3 is designed for enhancing the videos compressed by x265 at a fixed bit-rate. Besides, the quality enhancement of Tracks 1 and 3 targets at improving the fidelity (PSNR), and Track 2 targets at enhancing the perceptual quality. The three tracks totally attract 482 registrations. In the test phase, 12 teams, 8 teams and 11 teams submitted the final results of Tracks 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The proposed methods and solutions gauge the state-of-the-art of video quality enhancement. The homepage of the challenge: https://github.com/RenYang-home/NTIRE21_VEnh