Zero-shot emotion transfer in cross-lingual speech synthesis aims to transfer emotion from an arbitrary speech reference in the source language to the synthetic speech in the target language. Building such a system faces challenges of unnatural foreign accents and difficulty in modeling the shared emotional expressions of different languages. Building on the DelightfulTTS neural architecture, this paper addresses these challenges by introducing specifically-designed modules to model the language-specific prosody features and language-shared emotional expressions separately. Specifically, the language-specific speech prosody is learned by a non-autoregressive predictive coding (NPC) module to improve the naturalness of the synthetic cross-lingual speech. The shared emotional expression between different languages is extracted from a pre-trained self-supervised model HuBERT with strong generalization capabilities. We further use hierarchical emotion modeling to capture more comprehensive emotions across different languages. Experimental results demonstrate the proposed framework's effectiveness in synthesizing bi-lingual emotional speech for the monolingual target speaker without emotional training data.
Background sound is an informative form of art that is helpful in providing a more immersive experience in real-application voice conversion (VC) scenarios. However, prior research about VC, mainly focusing on clean voices, pay rare attention to VC with background sound. The critical problem for preserving background sound in VC is inevitable speech distortion by the neural separation model and the cascade mismatch between the source separation model and the VC model. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end framework via multi-task learning which sequentially cascades a source separation (SS) module, a bottleneck feature extraction module and a VC module. Specifically, the source separation task explicitly considers critical phase information and confines the distortion caused by the imperfect separation process. The source separation task, the typical VC task and the unified task shares a uniform reconstruction loss constrained by joint training to reduce the mismatch between the SS and VC modules. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed framework significantly outperforms the baseline systems while achieving comparable quality and speaker similarity to the VC models trained with clean data.
Face recognition has advanced considerably with the availability of large-scale labeled datasets. However, how to further improve the performance with the easily accessible unlabeled dataset remains a challenge. In this paper, we propose the novel Unknown Identity Rejection (UIR) loss to utilize the unlabeled data. We categorize identities in unconstrained environment into the known set and the unknown set. The former corresponds to the identities that appear in the labeled training dataset while the latter is its complementary set. Besides training the model to accurately classify the known identities, we also force the model to reject unknown identities provided by the unlabeled dataset via our proposed UIR loss. In order to 'reject' faces of unknown identities, centers of the known identities are forced to keep enough margin from centers of unknown identities which are assumed to be approximated by the features of their samples. By this means, the discriminativeness of the face representations can be enhanced. Experimental results demonstrate that our approach can provide obvious performance improvement by utilizing the unlabeled data.
Person identification in the wild is very challenging due to great variation in poses, face quality, clothes, makeup and so on. Traditional research, such as face recognition, person re-identification, and speaker recognition, often focuses on a single modal of information, which is inadequate to handle all the situations in practice. Multi-modal person identification is a more promising way that we can jointly utilize face, head, body, audio features, and so on. In this paper, we introduce iQIYI-VID, the largest video dataset for multi-modal person identification. It is composed of 600K video clips of 5,000 celebrities. These video clips are extracted from 400K hours of online videos of various types, ranging from movies, variety shows, TV series, to news broadcasting. All video clips pass through a careful human annotation process, and the error rate of labels is lower than 0.2%. We evaluated the state-of-art models of face recognition, person re-identification, and speaker recognition on the iQIYI-VID dataset. Experimental results show that these models are still far from being perfect for task of person identification in the wild. We further demonstrate that a simple fusion of multi-modal features can improve person identification considerably. We have released the dataset online to promote multi-modal person identification research.