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"Information Extraction": models, code, and papers

SFE-Net: EEG-based Emotion Recognition with Symmetrical Spatial Feature Extraction

Apr 25, 2021
Xiangwen Deng, Junlin Zhu, Shangming Yang

Emotion recognition based on EEG (electroencephalography) has been widely used in human-computer interaction, distance education and health care. However, the conventional methods ignore the adjacent and symmetrical characteristics of EEG signals, which also contain salient information related to emotion. In this paper, we present a spatial folding ensemble network (SFENet) for EEG feature extraction and emotion recognition. Firstly, for the undetected area between EEG electrodes, we employ an improved Bicubic-EEG interpolation algorithm for EEG channel information completion, which allows us to extract a wider range of adjacent space features. Then, motivated by the spatial symmetry mechanism of human brain, we fold the input EEG channel data with five different symmetrical strategies: the left-right folds, the right-left folds, the top-bottom folds, the bottom-top folds, and the entire double-sided brain folding, which enable the proposed network to extract the information of space features of EEG signals more effectively. Finally, 3DCNN based spatial and temporal extraction and multi voting strategy of ensemble Learning are employed to model a new neural network. With this network, the spatial features of different symmetric folding signlas can be extracted simultaneously, which greatly improves the robustness and accuracy of feature recognition. The experimental results on DEAP and SEED data sets show that the proposed algorithm has comparable performance in term of recognition accuracy.

* 10 pages, 10 figures 
  

Heterogeneous Supervision for Relation Extraction: A Representation Learning Approach

Aug 01, 2017
Liyuan Liu, Xiang Ren, Qi Zhu, Shi Zhi, Huan Gui, Heng Ji, Jiawei Han

Relation extraction is a fundamental task in information extraction. Most existing methods have heavy reliance on annotations labeled by human experts, which are costly and time-consuming. To overcome this drawback, we propose a novel framework, REHession, to conduct relation extractor learning using annotations from heterogeneous information source, e.g., knowledge base and domain heuristics. These annotations, referred as heterogeneous supervision, often conflict with each other, which brings a new challenge to the original relation extraction task: how to infer the true label from noisy labels for a given instance. Identifying context information as the backbone of both relation extraction and true label discovery, we adopt embedding techniques to learn the distributed representations of context, which bridges all components with mutual enhancement in an iterative fashion. Extensive experimental results demonstrate the superiority of REHession over the state-of-the-art.

* EMNLP 2017 
  

HySPA: Hybrid Span Generation for Scalable Text-to-Graph Extraction

Jun 30, 2021
Liliang Ren, Chenkai Sun, Heng Ji, Julia Hockenmaier

Text-to-Graph extraction aims to automatically extract information graphs consisting of mentions and types from natural language texts. Existing approaches, such as table filling and pairwise scoring, have shown impressive performance on various information extraction tasks, but they are difficult to scale to datasets with longer input texts because of their second-order space/time complexities with respect to the input length. In this work, we propose a Hybrid Span Generator (HySPA) that invertibly maps the information graph to an alternating sequence of nodes and edge types, and directly generates such sequences via a hybrid span decoder which can decode both the spans and the types recurrently in linear time and space complexities. Extensive experiments on the ACE05 dataset show that our approach also significantly outperforms state-of-the-art on the joint entity and relation extraction task.

* Accepted by ACL 2021 Findings 
  

A Neural Edge-Editing Approach for Document-Level Relation Graph Extraction

Jun 18, 2021
Kohei Makino, Makoto Miwa, Yutaka Sasaki

In this paper, we propose a novel edge-editing approach to extract relation information from a document. We treat the relations in a document as a relation graph among entities in this approach. The relation graph is iteratively constructed by editing edges of an initial graph, which might be a graph extracted by another system or an empty graph. The way to edit edges is to classify them in a close-first manner using the document and temporally-constructed graph information; each edge is represented with a document context information by a pretrained transformer model and a graph context information by a graph convolutional neural network model. We evaluate our approach on the task to extract material synthesis procedures from materials science texts. The experimental results show the effectiveness of our approach in editing the graphs initialized by our in-house rule-based system and empty graphs.

* Accepted for publication at the Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Findings-ACL2021), 2021. 10 pages, 6 figures, 8 tables 
  

Does constituency analysis enhance domain-specific pre-trained BERT models for relation extraction?

Nov 25, 2021
Anfu Tang, Louise Deléger, Robert Bossy, Pierre Zweigenbaum, Claire Nédellec

Recently many studies have been conducted on the topic of relation extraction. The DrugProt track at BioCreative VII provides a manually-annotated corpus for the purpose of the development and evaluation of relation extraction systems, in which interactions between chemicals and genes are studied. We describe the ensemble system that we used for our submission, which combines predictions of fine-tuned bioBERT, sciBERT and const-bioBERT models by majority voting. We specifically tested the contribution of syntactic information to relation extraction with BERT. We observed that adding constituentbased syntactic information to BERT improved precision, but decreased recall, since relations rarely seen in the train set were less likely to be predicted by BERT models in which the syntactic information is infused. Our code is available online [https://github.com/Maple177/drugprot-relation-extraction].

* BioCreative VII Challenge Evaluation Workshop, Nov 2021, on-line, Spain 
  

An Agent based Approach towards Metadata Extraction, Modelling and Information Retrieval over the Web

Aug 07, 2010
Zeeshan Ahmed, Detlef Gerhard

Web development is a challenging research area for its creativity and complexity. The existing raised key challenge in web technology technologic development is the presentation of data in machine read and process able format to take advantage in knowledge based information extraction and maintenance. Currently it is not possible to search and extract optimized results using full text queries because there is no such mechanism exists which can fully extract the semantic from full text queries and then look for particular knowledge based information.

* In the proceedings of First International Workshop on Cultural Heritage on the Semantic Web in conjunction with the 6th International Semantic Web Conference and the 2nd Asian Semantic Web Conference 2007, (ISWC + ASWC 2007), P 117, 12-15 November 2007 
  

SymbioLCD: Ensemble-Based Loop Closure Detection using CNN-Extracted Objects and Visual Bag-of-Words

Oct 21, 2021
Jonathan J. Y. Kim, Martin Urschler, Patricia J. Riddle, Jörg S. Wicker

Loop closure detection is an essential tool of Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) to minimize drift in its localization. Many state-of-the-art loop closure detection (LCD) algorithms use visual Bag-of-Words (vBoW), which is robust against partial occlusions in a scene but cannot perceive the semantics or spatial relationships between feature points. CNN object extraction can address those issues, by providing semantic labels and spatial relationships between objects in a scene. Previous work has mainly focused on replacing vBoW with CNN-derived features. In this paper, we propose SymbioLCD, a novel ensemble-based LCD that utilizes both CNN-extracted objects and vBoW features for LCD candidate prediction. When used in tandem, the added elements of object semantics and spatial-awareness create a more robust and symbiotic loop closure detection system. The proposed SymbioLCD uses scale-invariant spatial and semantic matching, Hausdorff distance with temporal constraints, and a Random Forest that utilizes combined information from both CNN-extracted objects and vBoW features for predicting accurate loop closure candidates. Evaluation of the proposed method shows it outperforms other Machine Learning (ML) algorithms - such as SVM, Decision Tree and Neural Network, and demonstrates that there is a strong symbiosis between CNN-extracted object information and vBoW features which assists accurate LCD candidate prediction. Furthermore, it is able to perceive loop closure candidates earlier than state-of-the-art SLAM algorithms, utilizing added spatial and semantic information from CNN-extracted objects.

* 7 pages. Accepted at 2021 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 
  

Extracting Information-rich Part of Texts using Text Denoising

Jul 30, 2013
Rushdi Shams

The aim of this paper is to report on a novel text reduction technique, called Text Denoising, that highlights information-rich content when processing a large volume of text data, especially from the biomedical domain. The core feature of the technique, the text readability index, embodies the hypothesis that complex text is more information-rich than the rest. When applied on tasks like biomedical relation bearing text extraction, keyphrase indexing and extracting sentences describing protein interactions, it is evident that the reduced set of text produced by text denoising is more information-rich than the rest.

* 26th Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence (CAI-2013), Regina, Canada, May 29-31, 2013 
  
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