Aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) is dedicated to forecasting the sentiment polarity of aspect terms within sentences. Employing graph neural networks to capture structural patterns from syntactic dependency parsing has been confirmed as an effective approach for boosting ABSA. In most works, the topology of dependency trees or dependency-based attention coefficients is often loosely regarded as edges between aspects and opinions, which can result in insufficient and ambiguous syntactic utilization. To address these problems, we propose a new reinforced dependency graph convolutional network (RDGCN) that improves the importance calculation of dependencies in both distance and type views. Initially, we propose an importance calculation criterion for the minimum distances over dependency trees. Under the criterion, we design a distance-importance function that leverages reinforcement learning for weight distribution search and dissimilarity control. Since dependency types often do not have explicit syntax like tree distances, we use global attention and mask mechanisms to design type-importance functions. Finally, we merge these weights and implement feature aggregation and classification. Comprehensive experiments on three popular datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the criterion and importance functions. RDGCN outperforms state-of-the-art GNN-based baselines in all validations.
Synthetic lethality (SL) prediction is used to identify if the co-mutation of two genes results in cell death. The prevalent strategy is to abstract SL prediction as an edge classification task on gene nodes within SL data and achieve it through graph neural networks (GNNs). However, GNNs suffer from limitations in their message passing mechanisms, including over-smoothing and over-squashing issues. Moreover, harnessing the information of non-SL gene relationships within large-scale multi-omics data to facilitate SL prediction poses a non-trivial challenge. To tackle these issues, we propose a new multi-omics sampling-based graph transformer for SL prediction (MSGT-SL). Concretely, we introduce a shallow multi-view GNN to acquire local structural patterns from both SL and multi-omics data. Further, we input gene features that encode multi-view information into the standard self-attention to capture long-range dependencies. Notably, starting with batch genes from SL data, we adopt parallel random walk sampling across multiple omics gene graphs encompassing them. Such sampling effectively and modestly incorporates genes from omics in a structure-aware manner before using self-attention. We showcase the effectiveness of MSGT-SL on real-world SL tasks, demonstrating the empirical benefits gained from the graph transformer and multi-omics data.
Integrating multiple online social networks (OSNs) has important implications for many downstream social mining tasks, such as user preference modelling, recommendation, and link prediction. However, it is unfortunately accompanied by growing privacy concerns about leaking sensitive user information. How to fully utilize the data from different online social networks while preserving user privacy remains largely unsolved. To this end, we propose a Cross-network Social User Embedding framework, namely DP-CroSUE, to learn the comprehensive representations of users in a privacy-preserving way. We jointly consider information from partially aligned social networks with differential privacy guarantees. In particular, for each heterogeneous social network, we first introduce a hybrid differential privacy notion to capture the variation of privacy expectations for heterogeneous data types. Next, to find user linkages across social networks, we make unsupervised user embedding-based alignment in which the user embeddings are achieved by the heterogeneous network embedding technology. To further enhance user embeddings, a novel cross-network GCN embedding model is designed to transfer knowledge across networks through those aligned users. Extensive experiments on three real-world datasets demonstrate that our approach makes a significant improvement on user interest prediction tasks as well as defending user attribute inference attacks from embedding.
Recently published graph neural networks (GNNs) show promising performance at social event detection tasks. However, most studies are oriented toward monolingual data in languages with abundant training samples. This has left the more common multilingual settings and lesser-spoken languages relatively unexplored. Thus, we present a GNN that incorporates cross-lingual word embeddings for detecting events in multilingual data streams. The first exploit is to make the GNN work with multilingual data. For this, we outline a construction strategy that aligns messages in different languages at both the node and semantic levels. Relationships between messages are established by merging entities that are the same but are referred to in different languages. Non-English message representations are converted into English semantic space via the cross-lingual word embeddings. The resulting message graph is then uniformly encoded by a GNN model. In special cases where a lesser-spoken language needs to be detected, a novel cross-lingual knowledge distillation framework, called CLKD, exploits prior knowledge learned from similar threads in English to make up for the paucity of annotated data. Experiments on both synthetic and real-world datasets show the framework to be highly effective at detection in both multilingual data and in languages where training samples are scarce.