Aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) is dedicated to forecasting the sentiment polarity of aspect terms within sentences. Employing graph neural networks to capture structural patterns from syntactic dependency parsing has been confirmed as an effective approach for boosting ABSA. In most works, the topology of dependency trees or dependency-based attention coefficients is often loosely regarded as edges between aspects and opinions, which can result in insufficient and ambiguous syntactic utilization. To address these problems, we propose a new reinforced dependency graph convolutional network (RDGCN) that improves the importance calculation of dependencies in both distance and type views. Initially, we propose an importance calculation criterion for the minimum distances over dependency trees. Under the criterion, we design a distance-importance function that leverages reinforcement learning for weight distribution search and dissimilarity control. Since dependency types often do not have explicit syntax like tree distances, we use global attention and mask mechanisms to design type-importance functions. Finally, we merge these weights and implement feature aggregation and classification. Comprehensive experiments on three popular datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the criterion and importance functions. RDGCN outperforms state-of-the-art GNN-based baselines in all validations.
Most existing methods that address out-of-distribution (OOD) generalization for node classification on graphs primarily focus on a specific type of data biases, such as label selection bias or structural bias. However, anticipating the type of bias in advance is extremely challenging, and designing models solely for one specific type may not necessarily improve overall generalization performance. Moreover, limited research has focused on the impact of mixed biases, which are more prevalent and demanding in real-world scenarios. To address these limitations, we propose a novel Causality and Independence Enhancement (CIE) framework, applicable to various graph neural networks (GNNs). Our approach estimates causal and spurious features at the node representation level and mitigates the influence of spurious correlations through the backdoor adjustment. Meanwhile, independence constraint is introduced to improve the discriminability and stability of causal and spurious features in complex biased environments. Essentially, CIE eliminates different types of data biases from a unified perspective, without the need to design separate methods for each bias as before. To evaluate the performance under specific types of data biases, mixed biases, and low-resource scenarios, we conducted comprehensive experiments on five publicly available datasets. Experimental results demonstrate that our approach CIE not only significantly enhances the performance of GNNs but outperforms state-of-the-art debiased node classification methods.