Alert button
Picture for Xinrui Zhang

Xinrui Zhang

Alert button

SGA: A Graph Augmentation Method for Signed Graph Neural Networks

Oct 15, 2023
Zeyu Zhang, Shuyan Wan, Sijie Wang, Xianda Zheng, Xinrui Zhang, Kaiqi Zhao, Jiamou Liu, Dong Hao

Signed Graph Neural Networks (SGNNs) are vital for analyzing complex patterns in real-world signed graphs containing positive and negative links. However, three key challenges hinder current SGNN-based signed graph representation learning: sparsity in signed graphs leaves latent structures undiscovered, unbalanced triangles pose representation difficulties for SGNN models, and real-world signed graph datasets often lack supplementary information like node labels and features. These constraints limit the potential of SGNN-based representation learning. We address these issues with data augmentation techniques. Despite many graph data augmentation methods existing for unsigned graphs, none are tailored for signed graphs. Our paper introduces the novel Signed Graph Augmentation framework (SGA), comprising three main components. First, we employ the SGNN model to encode the signed graph, extracting latent structural information for candidate augmentation structures. Second, we evaluate these candidate samples (edges) and select the most beneficial ones for modifying the original training set. Third, we propose a novel augmentation perspective that assigns varying training difficulty to training samples, enabling the design of a new training strategy. Extensive experiments on six real-world datasets (Bitcoin-alpha, Bitcoin-otc, Epinions, Slashdot, Wiki-elec, and Wiki-RfA) demonstrate that SGA significantly improves performance across multiple benchmarks. Our method outperforms baselines by up to 22.2% in AUC for SGCN on Wiki-RfA, 33.3% in F1-binary, 48.8% in F1-micro, and 36.3% in F1-macro for GAT on Bitcoin-alpha in link sign prediction.

Viaarxiv icon

CLUE: A Chinese Language Understanding Evaluation Benchmark

Apr 14, 2020
Liang Xu, Xuanwei Zhang, Lu Li, Hai Hu, Chenjie Cao, Weitang Liu, Junyi Li, Yudong Li, Kai Sun, Yechen Xu, Yiming Cui, Cong Yu, Qianqian Dong, Yin Tian, Dian Yu, Bo Shi, Jun Zeng, Rongzhao Wang, Weijian Xie, Yanting Li, Yina Patterson, Zuoyu Tian, Yiwen Zhang, He Zhou, Shaoweihua Liu, Qipeng Zhao, Cong Yue, Xinrui Zhang, Zhengliang Yang, Zhenzhong Lan

Figure 1 for CLUE: A Chinese Language Understanding Evaluation Benchmark
Figure 2 for CLUE: A Chinese Language Understanding Evaluation Benchmark
Figure 3 for CLUE: A Chinese Language Understanding Evaluation Benchmark
Figure 4 for CLUE: A Chinese Language Understanding Evaluation Benchmark

We introduce CLUE, a Chinese Language Understanding Evaluation benchmark. It contains eight different tasks, including single-sentence classification, sentence pair classification, and machine reading comprehension. We evaluate CLUE on a number of existing full-network pre-trained models for Chinese. We also include a small hand-crafted diagnostic test set designed to probe specific linguistic phenomena using different models, some of which are unique to Chinese. Along with CLUE, we release a large clean crawled raw text corpus that can be used for model pre-training. We release CLUE, baselines and pre-training dataset on Github.

* 9 pages, 4 figures 
Viaarxiv icon