Understanding the continuous states of objects is essential for task learning and planning in the real world. However, most existing task learning benchmarks assume discrete(e.g., binary) object goal states, which poses challenges for the learning of complex tasks and transferring learned policy from simulated environments to the real world. Furthermore, state discretization limits a robot's ability to follow human instructions based on the grounding of actions and states. To tackle these challenges, we present ARNOLD, a benchmark that evaluates language-grounded task learning with continuous states in realistic 3D scenes. ARNOLD is comprised of 8 language-conditioned tasks that involve understanding object states and learning policies for continuous goals. To promote language-instructed learning, we provide expert demonstrations with template-generated language descriptions. We assess task performance by utilizing the latest language-conditioned policy learning models. Our results indicate that current models for language-conditioned manipulations continue to experience significant challenges in novel goal-state generalizations, scene generalizations, and object generalizations. These findings highlight the need to develop new algorithms that address this gap and underscore the potential for further research in this area. See our project page at: https://arnold-benchmark.github.io
Deep learning models tend to underperform in the presence of domain shifts. Domain transfer has recently emerged as a promising approach wherein images exhibiting a domain shift are transformed into other domains for augmentation or adaptation. However, with the absence of paired and annotated images, most domain transfer methods mainly rely on adversarial networks and weak cycle consistency, which could result in incomplete domain transfer or poor adherence to the original image content. In this paper, we introduce MDT-Net to address the limitations above through a multi-domain transfer model based on perceptual supervision. Specifically, our model consists of an encoder-decoder network, which aims to preserve anatomical structures, and multiple domain-specific transfer modules, which guide the domain transition through feature transformation. During the inference, MDT-Net can directly transfer images from the source domain to multiple target domains at one time without any reference image. To demonstrate the performance of MDT-Net, we evaluate it on RETOUCH dataset, comprising OCT scans from three different scanner devices (domains), for multi-domain transfer. We also take the transformed results as additional training images for fluid segmentation in OCT scans in the tasks of domain adaptation and data augmentation. Experimental results show that MDT-Net can outperform other domain transfer models qualitatively and quantitatively. Furthermore, the significant improvement in dice scores over multiple segmentation models also demonstrates the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed method.
We study the problem of predicting whether the price of the 21 most popular cryptocurrencies (according to coinmarketcap.com) will go up or down on day d, using data up to day d-1. Our C2P2 algorithm is the first algorithm to consider the fact that the price of a cryptocurrency c might depend not only on historical prices, sentiments, global stock indices, but also on the prices and predicted prices of other cryptocurrencies. C2P2 therefore does not predict cryptocurrency prices one coin at a time --- rather it uses similarity metrics in conjunction with collective classification to compare multiple cryptocurrency features to jointly predict the cryptocurrency prices for all 21 coins considered. We show that our C2P2 algorithm beats out a recent competing 2017 paper by margins varying from 5.1-83% and another Bitcoin-specific prediction paper from 2018 by 16%. In both cases, C2P2 is the winner on all cryptocurrencies considered. Moreover, we experimentally show that the use of similarity metrics within our C2P2 algorithm leads to a direct improvement for 20 out of 21 cryptocurrencies ranging from 0.4% to 17.8%. Without the similarity component, C2P2 still beats competitors on 20 out of 21 cryptocurrencies considered. We show that all these results are statistically significant via a Student's t-test with p<1e-5. Check our demo at https://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/dsail/demos/c2p2
Recent advances in blockchain technologies have provided exciting opportunities for decentralized applications. Specifically, blockchain-based smart contracts enable credible transactions without authorized third parties. The attractive properties of smart contracts facilitate distributed data vending, allowing for proprietary data to be securely exchanged on a blockchain. Distributed data vending can transform domains such as healthcare by encouraging data distribution from owners and enabling large-scale data aggregation. However, one key challenge in distributed data vending is the trade-off dilemma between the effectiveness of data retrieval, and the leakage risk from indexing the data. In this paper, we propose a framework for distributed data vending through a combination of data embedding and similarity learning. We illustrate our framework through a practical scenario of distributing and aggregating electronic medical records on a blockchain. Extensive empirical results demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework.
Group sparsity has shown great potential in various low-level vision tasks (e.g, image denoising, deblurring and inpainting). In this paper, we propose a new prior model for image denoising via group sparsity residual constraint (GSRC). To enhance the performance of group sparse-based image denoising, the concept of group sparsity residual is proposed, and thus, the problem of image denoising is translated into one that reduces the group sparsity residual. To reduce the residual, we first obtain some good estimation of the group sparse coefficients of the original image by the first-pass estimation of noisy image, and then centralize the group sparse coefficients of noisy image to the estimation. Experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed method not only outperforms many state-of-the-art denoising methods such as BM3D and WNNM, but results in a faster speed.