Direct speech-to-speech translation (S2ST) with discrete self-supervised representations has achieved remarkable accuracy, but is unable to preserve the speaker timbre of the source speech during translation. Meanwhile, the scarcity of high-quality speaker-parallel data poses a challenge for learning style transfer between source and target speech. We propose an S2ST framework with an acoustic language model based on discrete units from a self-supervised model and a neural codec for style transfer. The acoustic language model leverages self-supervised in-context learning, acquiring the ability for style transfer without relying on any speaker-parallel data, thereby overcoming the issue of data scarcity. By using extensive training data, our model achieves zero-shot cross-lingual style transfer on previously unseen source languages. Experiments show that our model generates translated speeches with high fidelity and style similarity. Audio samples are available at http://stylelm.github.io/ .
Various applications of voice synthesis have been developed independently despite the fact that they generate "voice" as output in common. In addition, the majority of voice synthesis models currently rely on annotated audio data, but it is crucial to scale them to self-supervised datasets in order to effectively capture the wide range of acoustic variations present in human voice, including speaker identity, emotion, and prosody. In this work, we propose Make-A-Voice, a unified framework for synthesizing and manipulating voice signals from discrete representations. Make-A-Voice leverages a "coarse-to-fine" approach to model the human voice, which involves three stages: 1) semantic stage: model high-level transformation between linguistic content and self-supervised semantic tokens, 2) acoustic stage: introduce varying control signals as acoustic conditions for semantic-to-acoustic modeling, and 3) generation stage: synthesize high-fidelity waveforms from acoustic tokens. Make-A-Voice offers notable benefits as a unified voice synthesis framework: 1) Data scalability: the major backbone (i.e., acoustic and generation stage) does not require any annotations, and thus the training data could be scaled up. 2) Controllability and conditioning flexibility: we investigate different conditioning mechanisms and effectively handle three voice synthesis applications, including text-to-speech (TTS), voice conversion (VC), and singing voice synthesis (SVS) by re-synthesizing the discrete voice representations with prompt guidance. Experimental results demonstrate that Make-A-Voice exhibits superior audio quality and style similarity compared with competitive baseline models. Audio samples are available at https://Make-A-Voice.github.io
Multi-modal Contrastive Representation (MCR) learning aims to encode different modalities into a semantically aligned shared space. This paradigm shows remarkable generalization ability on numerous downstream tasks across various modalities. However, the reliance on massive high-quality data pairs limits its further development on more modalities. This paper proposes a novel training-efficient method for learning MCR without paired data called Connecting Multi-modal Contrastive Representations (C-MCR). Specifically, given two existing MCRs pre-trained on (A, B) and (B, C) modality pairs, we project them to a new space and use the data from the overlapping modality B to aligning the two MCRs in the new space. Meanwhile, since the modality pairs (A, B) and (B, C) are already aligned within each MCR, the connection learned by overlapping modality can also be transferred to non-overlapping modality pair (A, C). To unleash the potential of C-MCR, we further introduce a semantic-enhanced inter- and intra-MCR connection method. We first enhance the semantic consistency and completion of embeddings across different modalities for more robust alignment. Then we utilize the inter-MCR alignment to establish the connection, and employ the intra-MCR alignment to better maintain the connection for inputs from non-overlapping modalities. We take the field of audio-visual contrastive learning as an example to demonstrate the effectiveness of C-MCR. We connect pre-trained CLIP and CLAP models via texts to derive audio-visual contrastive representations. Remarkably, without using any paired audio-visual data and further tuning, C-MCR achieves state-of-the-art performance on six datasets across three audio-visual downstream tasks.
Unconstrained lip-to-speech synthesis aims to generate corresponding speeches from silent videos of talking faces with no restriction on head poses or vocabulary. Current works mainly use sequence-to-sequence models to solve this problem, either in an autoregressive architecture or a flow-based non-autoregressive architecture. However, these models suffer from several drawbacks: 1) Instead of directly generating audios, they use a two-stage pipeline that first generates mel-spectrograms and then reconstructs audios from the spectrograms. This causes cumbersome deployment and degradation of speech quality due to error propagation; 2) The audio reconstruction algorithm used by these models limits the inference speed and audio quality, while neural vocoders are not available for these models since their output spectrograms are not accurate enough; 3) The autoregressive model suffers from high inference latency, while the flow-based model has high memory occupancy: neither of them is efficient enough in both time and memory usage. To tackle these problems, we propose FastLTS, a non-autoregressive end-to-end model which can directly synthesize high-quality speech audios from unconstrained talking videos with low latency, and has a relatively small model size. Besides, different from the widely used 3D-CNN visual frontend for lip movement encoding, we for the first time propose a transformer-based visual frontend for this task. Experiments show that our model achieves $19.76\times$ speedup for audio waveform generation compared with the current autoregressive model on input sequences of 3 seconds, and obtains superior audio quality.