Get our free extension to see links to code for papers anywhere online!

Chrome logo  Add to Chrome

Firefox logo Add to Firefox

"photo": models, code, and papers

WESPE: Weakly Supervised Photo Enhancer for Digital Cameras

Mar 03, 2018
Andrey Ignatov, Nikolay Kobyshev, Radu Timofte, Kenneth Vanhoey, Luc Van Gool

Low-end and compact mobile cameras demonstrate limited photo quality mainly due to space, hardware and budget constraints. In this work, we propose a deep learning solution that translates photos taken by cameras with limited capabilities into DSLR-quality photos automatically. We tackle this problem by introducing a weakly supervised photo enhancer (WESPE) - a novel image-to-image Generative Adversarial Network-based architecture. The proposed model is trained by under weak supervision: unlike previous works, there is no need for strong supervision in the form of a large annotated dataset of aligned original/enhanced photo pairs. The sole requirement is two distinct datasets: one from the source camera, and one composed of arbitrary high-quality images that can be generally crawled from the Internet - the visual content they exhibit may be unrelated. Hence, our solution is repeatable for any camera: collecting the data and training can be achieved in a couple of hours. In this work, we emphasize on extensive evaluation of obtained results. Besides standard objective metrics and subjective user study, we train a virtual rater in the form of a separate CNN that mimics human raters on Flickr data and use this network to get reference scores for both original and enhanced photos. Our experiments on the DPED, KITTI and Cityscapes datasets as well as pictures from several generations of smartphones demonstrate that WESPE produces comparable or improved qualitative results with state-of-the-art strongly supervised methods.

  

Learning Image-adaptive 3D Lookup Tables for High Performance Photo Enhancement in Real-time

Sep 30, 2020
Hui Zeng, Jianrui Cai, Lida Li, Zisheng Cao, Lei Zhang

Recent years have witnessed the increasing popularity of learning based methods to enhance the color and tone of photos. However, many existing photo enhancement methods either deliver unsatisfactory results or consume too much computational and memory resources, hindering their application to high-resolution images (usually with more than 12 megapixels) in practice. In this paper, we learn image-adaptive 3-dimensional lookup tables (3D LUTs) to achieve fast and robust photo enhancement. 3D LUTs are widely used for manipulating color and tone of photos, but they are usually manually tuned and fixed in camera imaging pipeline or photo editing tools. We, for the first time to our best knowledge, propose to learn 3D LUTs from annotated data using pairwise or unpaired learning. More importantly, our learned 3D LUT is image-adaptive for flexible photo enhancement. We learn multiple basis 3D LUTs and a small convolutional neural network (CNN) simultaneously in an end-to-end manner. The small CNN works on the down-sampled version of the input image to predict content-dependent weights to fuse the multiple basis 3D LUTs into an image-adaptive one, which is employed to transform the color and tone of source images efficiently. Our model contains less than 600K parameters and takes less than 2 ms to process an image of 4K resolution using one Titan RTX GPU. While being highly efficient, our model also outperforms the state-of-the-art photo enhancement methods by a large margin in terms of PSNR, SSIM and a color difference metric on two publically available benchmark datasets.

* High quality adaptive photo enhancement in real-time (<2ms for 4K resolution images)! Accepted by IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 
  

Biphasic Face Photo-Sketch Synthesis via Semantic-Driven Generative Adversarial Network with Graph Representation Learning

Jan 05, 2022
Xingqun Qi, Muyi Sun, Qi Li, Caifeng Shan

In recent years, significant progress has been achieved in biphasic face photo-sketch synthesis with the development of Generative Adversarial Network (GAN). Biphasic face photo-sketch synthesis could be applied in wide-ranging fields such as digital entertainment and law enforcement. However, generating realistic photos and distinct sketches suffers from great challenges due to the low quality of sketches and complex photo variations in the real scenes. To this end, we propose a novel Semantic-Driven Generative Adversarial Network to address the above issues, cooperating with the Graph Representation Learning. Specifically, we inject class-wise semantic layouts into the generator to provide style-based spatial supervision for synthesized face photos and sketches. In addition, to improve the fidelity of the generated results, we leverage the semantic layouts to construct two types of Representational Graphs which indicate the intra-class semantic features and inter-class structural features of the synthesized images. Furthermore, we design two types of constraints based on the proposed Representational Graphs which facilitate the preservation of the details in generated face photos and sketches. Moreover, to further enhance the perceptual quality of synthesized images, we propose a novel biphasic training strategy which is dedicated to refine the generated results through Iterative Cycle Training. Extensive experiments are conducted on CUFS and CUFSF datasets to demonstrate the prominent ability of our proposed method which achieves the state-of-the-art performance.

* Under Review. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2106.15121 
  

Sketch-a-Classifier: Sketch-based Photo Classifier Generation

Apr 30, 2018
Conghui Hu, Da Li, Yi-Zhe Song, Tao Xiang, Timothy M. Hospedales

Contemporary deep learning techniques have made image recognition a reasonably reliable technology. However training effective photo classifiers typically takes numerous examples which limits image recognition's scalability and applicability to scenarios where images may not be available. This has motivated investigation into zero-shot learning, which addresses the issue via knowledge transfer from other modalities such as text. In this paper we investigate an alternative approach of synthesizing image classifiers: almost directly from a user's imagination, via free-hand sketch. This approach doesn't require the category to be nameable or describable via attributes as per zero-shot learning. We achieve this via training a {model regression} network to map from {free-hand sketch} space to the space of photo classifiers. It turns out that this mapping can be learned in a category-agnostic way, allowing photo classifiers for new categories to be synthesized by user with no need for annotated training photos. {We also demonstrate that this modality of classifier generation can also be used to enhance the granularity of an existing photo classifier, or as a complement to name-based zero-shot learning.

* published in CVPR2018 as spotlight 
  

Identity-Aware CycleGAN for Face Photo-Sketch Synthesis and Recognition

Mar 30, 2021
Yuke Fang, Jiani Hu, Weihong Deng

Face photo-sketch synthesis and recognition has many applications in digital entertainment and law enforcement. Recently, generative adversarial networks (GANs) based methods have significantly improved the quality of image synthesis, but they have not explicitly considered the purpose of recognition. In this paper, we first propose an Identity-Aware CycleGAN (IACycleGAN) model that applies a new perceptual loss to supervise the image generation network. It improves CycleGAN on photo-sketch synthesis by paying more attention to the synthesis of key facial regions, such as eyes and nose, which are important for identity recognition. Furthermore, we develop a mutual optimization procedure between the synthesis model and the recognition model, which iteratively synthesizes better images by IACycleGAN and enhances the recognition model by the triplet loss of the generated and real samples. Extensive experiments are performed on both photo-tosketch and sketch-to-photo tasks using the widely used CUFS and CUFSF databases. The results show that the proposed method performs better than several state-of-the-art methods in terms of both synthetic image quality and photo-sketch recognition accuracy.

* Pattern Recognition, vol.102, pp.107249, 2020 
* 36 pages, 11 figures 
  

CheXphotogenic: Generalization of Deep Learning Models for Chest X-ray Interpretation to Photos of Chest X-rays

Nov 12, 2020
Pranav Rajpurkar, Anirudh Joshi, Anuj Pareek, Jeremy Irvin, Andrew Y. Ng, Matthew Lungren

The use of smartphones to take photographs of chest x-rays represents an appealing solution for scaled deployment of deep learning models for chest x-ray interpretation. However, the performance of chest x-ray algorithms on photos of chest x-rays has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we measured the diagnostic performance for 8 different chest x-ray models when applied to photos of chest x-rays. All models were developed by different groups and submitted to the CheXpert challenge, and re-applied to smartphone photos of x-rays in the CheXphoto dataset without further tuning. We found that several models had a drop in performance when applied to photos of chest x-rays, but even with this drop, some models still performed comparably to radiologists. Further investigation could be directed towards understanding how different model training procedures may affect model generalization to photos of chest x-rays.

* Machine Learning for Health (ML4H) at NeurIPS 2020 - Extended Abstract 
  

Face Photo-Sketch Recognition Using Bidirectional Collaborative Synthesis Network

Aug 23, 2021
Seho Bae, Nizam Ud Din, Hyunkyu Park, Juneho Yi

This research features a deep-learning based framework to address the problem of matching a given face sketch image against a face photo database. The problem of photo-sketch matching is challenging because 1) there is large modality gap between photo and sketch, and 2) the number of paired training samples is insufficient to train deep learning based networks. To circumvent the problem of large modality gap, our approach is to use an intermediate latent space between the two modalities. We effectively align the distributions of the two modalities in this latent space by employing a bidirectional (photo -> sketch and sketch -> photo) collaborative synthesis network. A StyleGAN-like architecture is utilized to make the intermediate latent space be equipped with rich representation power. To resolve the problem of insufficient training samples, we introduce a three-step training scheme. Extensive evaluation on public composite face sketch database confirms superior performance of our method compared to existing state-of-the-art methods. The proposed methodology can be employed in matching other modality pairs.

  

CAPTAIN: Comprehensive Composition Assistance for Photo Taking

Nov 10, 2018
Farshid Farhat, Mohammad Mahdi Kamani, James Z. Wang

Many people are interested in taking astonishing photos and sharing with others. Emerging hightech hardware and software facilitate ubiquitousness and functionality of digital photography. Because composition matters in photography, researchers have leveraged some common composition techniques to assess the aesthetic quality of photos computationally. However, composition techniques developed by professionals are far more diverse than well-documented techniques can cover. We leverage the vast underexplored innovations in photography for computational composition assistance. We propose a comprehensive framework, named CAPTAIN (Composition Assistance for Photo Taking), containing integrated deep-learned semantic detectors, sub-genre categorization, artistic pose clustering, personalized aesthetics-based image retrieval, and style set matching. The framework is backed by a large dataset crawled from a photo-sharing Website with mostly photography enthusiasts and professionals. The work proposes a sequence of steps that have not been explored in the past by researchers. The work addresses personal preferences for composition through presenting a ranked-list of photographs to the user based on user-specified weights in the similarity measure. The matching algorithm recognizes the best shot among a sequence of shots with respect to the user's preferred style set. We have conducted a number of experiments on the newly proposed components and reported findings. A user study demonstrates that the work is useful to those taking photos.

* 30 pages, 21 figures, 4 tables, submitted to IJCV (International Journal of Computer Vision) 
  

Pik-Fix: Restoring and Colorizing Old Photos

May 11, 2022
Runsheng Xu, Zhengzhong Tu, Yuanqi Du, Xiaoyu Dong, Jinlong Li, Zibo Meng, Jiaqi Ma, Alan Bovik, Hongkai Yu

Restoring and inpainting the visual memories that are present, but often impaired, in old photos remains an intriguing but unsolved research topic. Decades-old photos often suffer from severe and commingled degradation such as cracks, defocus, and color-fading, which are difficult to treat individually and harder to repair when they interact. Deep learning presents a plausible avenue, but the lack of large-scale datasets of old photos makes addressing this restoration task very challenging. Here we present a novel reference-based end-to-end learning framework that is able to both repair and colorize old and degraded pictures. Our proposed framework consists of three modules: a restoration sub-network that conducts restoration from degradations, a similarity sub-network that performs color histogram matching and color transfer, and a colorization subnet that learns to predict the chroma elements of images that have been conditioned on chromatic reference signals. The overall system makes use of color histogram priors from reference images, which greatly reduces the need for large-scale training data. We have also created a first-of-a-kind public dataset of real old photos that are paired with ground truth "pristine" photos that have been that have been manually restored by PhotoShop experts. We conducted extensive experiments on this dataset and synthetic datasets, and found that our method significantly outperforms previous state-of-the-art models using both qualitative comparisons and quantitative measurements.

* arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2202.02606 
  

Pik-Fix: Restoring and Colorizing Old Photo

May 04, 2022
Runsheng Xu, Zhengzhong Tu, Yuanqi Du, Xiaoyu Dong, Jinlong Li, Zibo Meng, Jiaqi Ma, Alan Bovik, Hongkai Yu

Restoring and inpainting the visual memories that are present, but often impaired, in old photos remains an intriguing but unsolved research topic. Decades-old photos often suffer from severe and commingled degradation such as cracks, defocus, and color-fading, which are difficult to treat individually and harder to repair when they interact. Deep learning presents a plausible avenue, but the lack of large-scale datasets of old photos makes addressing this restoration task very challenging. Here we present a novel reference-based end-to-end learning framework that is able to both repair and colorize old and degraded pictures. Our proposed framework consists of three modules: a restoration sub-network that conducts restoration from degradations, a similarity sub-network that performs color histogram matching and color transfer, and a colorization subnet that learns to predict the chroma elements of images that have been conditioned on chromatic reference signals. The overall system makes uses of color histogram priors from reference images, which greatly reduces the need for large-scale training data. We have also created a first-of-a-kind public dataset of real old photos that are paired with ground truth "pristine" photos that have been that have been manually restored by PhotoShop experts. We conducted extensive experiments on this dataset and synthetic datasets, and found that our method significantly outperforms previous state-of-the-art models using both qualitative comparisons and quantitative measurements.

* arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2202.02606 
  
<<
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
>>