Transferring human motion from a source to a target person poses great potential in computer vision and graphics applications. A crucial step is to manipulate sequential future motion while retaining the appearance characteristic.Previous work has either relied on crafted 3D human models or trained a separate model specifically for each target person, which is not scalable in practice.This work studies a more general setting, in which we aim to learn a single model to parsimoniously transfer motion from a source video to any target person given only one image of the person, named as Collaborative Parsing-Flow Network (CPF-Net). The paucity of information regarding the target person makes the task particularly challenging to faithfully preserve the appearance in varying designated poses. To address this issue, CPF-Net integrates the structured human parsing and appearance flow to guide the realistic foreground synthesis which is merged into the background by a spatio-temporal fusion module. In particular, CPF-Net decouples the problem into stages of human parsing sequence generation, foreground sequence generation and final video generation. The human parsing generation stage captures both the pose and the body structure of the target. The appearance flow is beneficial to keep details in synthesized frames. The integration of human parsing and appearance flow effectively guides the generation of video frames with realistic appearance. Finally, the dedicated designed fusion network ensure the temporal coherence. We further collect a large set of human dancing videos to push forward this research field. Both quantitative and qualitative results show our method substantially improves over previous approaches and is able to generate appealing and photo-realistic target videos given any input person image. All source code and dataset will be released at https://github.com/xiezhy6/CPF-Net.
Finding out the computational redundant part of a trained Deep Neural Network (DNN) is the key question that pruning algorithms target on. Many algorithms try to predict model performance of the pruned sub-nets by introducing various evaluation methods. But they are either inaccurate or very complicated for general application. In this work, we present a pruning method called EagleEye, in which a simple yet efficient evaluation component based on adaptive batch normalization is applied to unveil a strong correlation between different pruned DNN structures and their final settled accuracy. This strong correlation allows us to fast spot the pruned candidates with highest potential accuracy without actually fine-tuning them. This module is also general to plug-in and improve some existing pruning algorithms. EagleEye achieves better pruning performance than all of the studied pruning algorithms in our experiments. Concretely, to prune MobileNet V1 and ResNet-50, EagleEye outperforms all compared methods by up to 3.8%. Even in the more challenging experiments of pruning the compact model of MobileNet V1, EagleEye achieves the highest accuracy of 70.9% with an overall 50% operations (FLOPs) pruned. All accuracy results are Top-1 ImageNet classification accuracy. Source code and models are accessible to open-source community https://github.com/anonymous47823493/EagleEye .
Recently, BERT has become an essential ingredient of various NLP deep models due to its effectiveness and universal-usability. However, the online deployment of BERT is often blocked by its large-scale parameters and high computational cost. There are plenty of studies showing that the knowledge distillation is efficient in transferring the knowledge from BERT into the model with a smaller size of parameters. Nevertheless, current BERT distillation approaches mainly focus on task-specified distillation, such methodologies lead to the loss of the general semantic knowledge of BERT for universal-usability. In this paper, we propose a sentence representation approximating oriented distillation framework that can distill the pre-trained BERT into a simple LSTM based model without specifying tasks. Consistent with BERT, our distilled model is able to perform transfer learning via fine-tuning to adapt to any sentence-level downstream task. Besides, our model can further cooperate with task-specific distillation procedures. The experimental results on multiple NLP tasks from the GLUE benchmark show that our approach outperforms other task-specific distillation methods or even much larger models, i.e., ELMO, with efficiency well-improved.
Leveraging persona information of users in Neural Response Generators (NRG) to perform personalized conversations has been considered as an attractive and important topic in the research of conversational agents over the past few years. Despite of the promising progresses achieved by recent studies in this field, persona information tends to be incorporated into neural networks in the form of user embeddings, with the expectation that the persona can be involved via the End-to-End learning. This paper proposes to adopt the personality-related characteristics of human conversations into variational response generators, by designing a specific conditional variational autoencoder based deep model with two new regularization terms employed to the loss function, so as to guide the optimization towards the direction of generating both persona-aware and relevant responses. Besides, to reasonably evaluate the performances of various persona modeling approaches, this paper further presents three direct persona-oriented metrics from different perspectives. The experimental results have shown that our proposed methodology can notably improve the performance of persona-aware response generation, and the metrics are reasonable to evaluate the results.
Chinese meme-face is a special kind of internet subculture widely spread in Chinese Social Community Networks. It usually consists of a template image modified by some amusing details and a text caption. In this paper, we present MemeFaceGenerator, a Generative Adversarial Network with the attention module and template information as supplementary signals, to automatically generate meme-faces from text inputs. We also develop a web service as system demonstration of meme-face synthesis. MemeFaceGenerator has been shown to be capable of generating high-quality meme-faces from random text inputs.
Interactive fashion image manipulation, which enables users to edit images with sketches and color strokes, is an interesting research problem with great application value. Existing works often treat it as a general inpainting task and do not fully leverage the semantic structural information in fashion images. Moreover, they directly utilize conventional convolution and normalization layers to restore the incomplete image, which tends to wash away the sketch and color information. In this paper, we propose a novel Fashion Editing Generative Adversarial Network (FE-GAN), which is capable of manipulating fashion images by free-form sketches and sparse color strokes. FE-GAN consists of two modules: 1) a free-form parsing network that learns to control the human parsing generation by manipulating sketch and color; 2) a parsing-aware inpainting network that renders detailed textures with semantic guidance from the human parsing map. A new attention normalization layer is further applied at multiple scales in the decoder of the inpainting network to enhance the quality of the synthesized image. Extensive experiments on high-resolution fashion image datasets demonstrate that the proposed method significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods on image manipulation.
Generating structured query language (SQL) from natural language is an emerging research topic. This paper presents a new learning paradigm from indirect supervision of the answers to natural language questions, instead of SQL queries. This paradigm facilitates the acquisition of training data due to the abundant resources of question-answer pairs for various domains in the Internet, and expels the difficult SQL annotation job. An end-to-end neural model integrating with reinforcement learning is proposed to learn SQL generation policy within the answer-driven learning paradigm. The model is evaluated on datasets of different domains, including movie and academic publication. Experimental results show that our model outperforms the baseline models.
Recent advances in sequence-to-sequence learning reveal a purely data-driven approach to the response generation task. Despite its diverse applications, existing neural models are prone to producing short and generic replies, making it infeasible to tackle open-domain challenges. In this research, we analyze this critical issue in light of the model's optimization goal and the specific characteristics of the human-to-human dialog corpus. By decomposing the black box into parts, a detailed analysis of the probability limit was conducted to reveal the reason behind these universal replies. Based on these analyses, we propose a max-margin ranking regularization term to avoid the models leaning to these replies. Finally, empirical experiments on case studies and benchmarks with several metrics validate this approach.
With the development of deep learning, Deep Metric Learning (DML) has achieved great improvements in face recognition. Specifically, the widely used softmax loss in the training process often bring large intra-class variations, and feature normalization is only exploited in the testing process to compute the pair similarities. To bridge the gap, we impose the intra-class cosine similarity between the features and weight vectors in softmax loss larger than a margin in the training step, and extend it from four aspects. First, we explore the effect of a hard sample mining strategy. To alleviate the human labor of adjusting the margin hyper-parameter, a self-adaptive margin updating strategy is proposed. Then, a normalized version is given to take full advantage of the cosine similarity constraint. Furthermore, we enhance the former constraint to force the intra-class cosine similarity larger than the mean inter-class cosine similarity with a margin in the exponential feature projection space. Extensive experiments on Labeled Face in the Wild (LFW), Youtube Faces (YTF) and IARPA Janus Benchmark A (IJB-A) datasets demonstrate that the proposed methods outperform the mainstream DML methods and approach the state-of-the-art performance.
With the remarkable success achieved by the Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) in object recognition recently, deep learning is being widely used in the computer vision community. Deep Metric Learning (DML), integrating deep learning with conventional metric learning, has set new records in many fields, especially in classification task. In this paper, we propose a replicable DML method, called Include and Exclude (IE) loss, to force the distance between a sample and its designated class center away from the mean distance of this sample to other class centers with a large margin in the exponential feature projection space. With the supervision of IE loss, we can train CNNs to enhance the intra-class compactness and inter-class separability, leading to great improvements on several public datasets ranging from object recognition to face verification. We conduct a comparative study of our algorithm with several typical DML methods on three kinds of networks with different capacity. Extensive experiments on three object recognition datasets and two face recognition datasets demonstrate that IE loss is always superior to other mainstream DML methods and approach the state-of-the-art results.