Real-time semantic segmentation is a crucial research for real-world applications. However, many methods lay particular emphasis on reducing the computational complexity and model size, while largely sacrificing the accuracy. In some scenarios, such as autonomous navigation and driver assistance system, accuracy and speed are equally important. To tackle this problem, we propose a novel Multi-level Feature Aggregation and Recursive Alignment Network (MFARANet), aiming to achieve high segmentation accuracy at real-time inference speed. We employ ResNet-18 as the backbone to ensure efficiency, and propose three core components to compensate for the reduced model capacity due to the shallow backbone. Specifically, we first design Multi-level Feature Aggregation Module (MFAM) to aggregate the hierarchical features in the encoder to each scale to benefit subsequent spatial alignment and multi-scale inference. Then, we build Recursive Alignment Module (RAM) by combining the flow-based alignment module with recursive upsampling architecture for accurate and efficient spatial alignment between multi-scale score maps. Finally, the Adaptive Scores Fusion Module (ASFM) is proposed to adaptively fuse multi-scale scores so that the final prediction can favor objects of multiple scales. Comprehensive experiments on three benchmark datasets including Cityscapes, CamVid and PASCAL-Context show the effectiveness and efficiency of our method. In particular, we achieve a better balance between speed and accuracy than state-of-the-art real-time methods on Cityscapes and CamVid datasets. Code is available at: https://github.com/Yanhua-Zhang/MFARANet.
* 14 pages, 9 figures. Manuscript completed on April 30, 2022, and then
submitted to Transactions on Image Processing
With the development of machine learning, it is difficult for a single server to process all the data. So machine learning tasks need to be spread across multiple servers, turning the centralized machine learning into a distributed one. However, privacy remains an unsolved problem in distributed machine learning. Multi-key homomorphic encryption is one of the suitable candidates to solve the problem. However, the most recent result of the Multi-key homomorphic encryption scheme (MKTFHE) only supports the NAND gate. Although it is Turing complete, it requires efficient encapsulation of the NAND gate to further support mathematical calculation. This paper designs and implements a series of operations on positive and negative integers accurately. First, we design basic bootstrapped gates with the same efficiency as that of the NAND gate. Second, we construct practical $k$-bit complement mathematical operators based on our basic binary bootstrapped gates. The constructed created can perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division on both positive and negative integers. Finally, we demonstrated the generality of the designed operators by achieving a distributed privacy-preserving machine learning algorithm, i.e. linear regression with two different solutions. Experiments show that the operators we designed are practical and efficient.
Recently, industrial recommendation services have been boosted by the continual upgrade of deep learning methods. However, they still face de-biasing challenges such as exposure bias and cold-start problem, where circulations of machine learning training on human interaction history leads algorithms to repeatedly suggest exposed items while ignoring less-active ones. Additional problems exist in multi-scenario platforms, e.g. appropriate data fusion from subsidiary scenarios, which we observe could be alleviated through graph structured data integration via message passing. In this paper, we present a multi-graph structured multi-scenario recommendation solution, which encapsulates interaction data across scenarios with multi-graph and obtains representation via graph learning. Extensive offline and online experiments on real-world datasets are conducted where the proposed method demonstrates an increase of 0.63% and 0.71% in CTR and Video Views per capita on new users over deployed set of baselines and outperforms regular method in increasing the number of outer-scenario videos by 25% and video watches by 116%, validating its superiority in activating cold videos and enriching target recommendation.
This paper intends to apply the Hidden Markov Model into stock market and and make predictions. Moreover, four different methods of improvement, which are GMM-HMM, XGB-HMM, GMM-HMM+LSTM and XGB-HMM+LSTM, will be discussed later with the results of experiment respectively. After that we will analyze the pros and cons of different models. And finally, one of the best will be used into stock market for timing strategy.
Quantum machine learning is expected to be one of the first practical applications of near-term quantum devices. Pioneer theoretical works suggest that quantum generative adversarial networks (GANs) may exhibit a potential exponential advantage over classical GANs, thus attracting widespread attention. However, it remains elusive whether quantum GANs implemented on near-term quantum devices can actually solve real-world learning tasks. Here, we devise a flexible quantum GAN scheme to narrow this knowledge gap, which could accomplish image generation with arbitrarily high-dimensional features, and could also take advantage of quantum superposition to train multiple examples in parallel. For the first time, we experimentally achieve the learning and generation of real-world hand-written digit images on a superconducting quantum processor. Moreover, we utilize a gray-scale bar dataset to exhibit the competitive performance between quantum GANs and the classical GANs based on multilayer perceptron and convolutional neural network architectures, respectively, benchmarked by the Fr\'echet Distance score. Our work provides guidance for developing advanced quantum generative models on near-term quantum devices and opens up an avenue for exploring quantum advantages in various GAN-related learning tasks.
* Our first version was submitted to the journal in January 2020.
Comments are welcome
Counterfactual regret minimization (CFR) is a popular method to deal with decision-making problems of two-player zero-sum games with imperfect information. Unlike existing studies that mostly explore for solving larger scale problems or accelerating solution efficiency, we propose a framework, RLCFR, which aims at improving the generalization ability of the CFR method. In the RLCFR, the game strategy is solved by the CFR in a reinforcement learning framework. And the dynamic procedure of iterative interactive strategy updating is modeled as a Markov decision process (MDP). Our method, RLCFR, then learns a policy to select the appropriate way of regret updating in the process of iteration. In addition, a stepwise reward function is formulated to learn the action policy, which is proportional to how well the iteration strategy is at each step. Extensive experimental results on various games have shown that the generalization ability of our method is significantly improved compared with existing state-of-the-art methods.