Neural Architecture Search (NAS) has become the de fecto tools in the industry in automating the design of deep neural networks for various applications, especially those driven by mobile and edge devices with limited computing resources. The emerging large language models (LLMs), due to their prowess, have also been incorporated into NAS recently and show some promising results. This paper conducts further exploration in this direction by considering three important design metrics simultaneously, i.e., model accuracy, fairness, and hardware deployment efficiency. We propose a novel LLM-based NAS framework, FL-NAS, in this paper, and show experimentally that FL-NAS can indeed find high-performing DNNs, beating state-of-the-art DNN models by orders-of-magnitude across almost all design considerations.
After a large language model (LLM) is deployed on edge devices, it is desirable for these devices to learn from user-generated conversation data to generate user-specific and personalized responses in real-time. However, user-generated data usually contains sensitive and private information, and uploading such data to the cloud for annotation is not preferred if not prohibited. While it is possible to obtain annotation locally by directly asking users to provide preferred responses, such annotations have to be sparse to not affect user experience. In addition, the storage of edge devices is usually too limited to enable large-scale fine-tuning with full user-generated data. It remains an open question how to enable on-device LLM personalization, considering sparse annotation and limited on-device storage. In this paper, we propose a novel framework to select and store the most representative data online in a self-supervised way. Such data has a small memory footprint and allows infrequent requests of user annotations for further fine-tuning. To enhance fine-tuning quality, multiple semantically similar pairs of question texts and expected responses are generated using the LLM. Our experiments show that the proposed framework achieves the best user-specific content-generating capability (accuracy) and fine-tuning speed (performance) compared with vanilla baselines. To the best of our knowledge, this is the very first on-device LLM personalization framework.
The use of machine learning (ML) models to assess and score textual data has become increasingly pervasive in an array of contexts including natural language processing, information retrieval, search and recommendation, and credibility assessment of online content. A significant disruption at the intersection of ML and text are text-generating large-language models such as generative pre-trained transformers (GPTs). We empirically assess the differences in how ML-based scoring models trained on human content assess the quality of content generated by humans versus GPTs. To do so, we propose an analysis framework that encompasses essay scoring ML-models, human and ML-generated essays, and a statistical model that parsimoniously considers the impact of type of respondent, prompt genre, and the ML model used for assessment model. A rich testbed is utilized that encompasses 18,460 human-generated and GPT-based essays. Results of our benchmark analysis reveal that transformer pretrained language models (PLMs) more accurately score human essay quality as compared to CNN/RNN and feature-based ML methods. Interestingly, we find that the transformer PLMs tend to score GPT-generated text 10-15\% higher on average, relative to human-authored documents. Conversely, traditional deep learning and feature-based ML models score human text considerably higher. Further analysis reveals that although the transformer PLMs are exclusively fine-tuned on human text, they more prominently attend to certain tokens appearing only in GPT-generated text, possibly due to familiarity/overlap in pre-training. Our framework and results have implications for text classification settings where automated scoring of text is likely to be disrupted by generative AI.
People with visual impairments urgently need helps, not only on the basic tasks such as guiding and retrieving objects , but on the advanced tasks like picturing the new environments. More than a guiding dog, they might want some devices which are able to provide linguistic interaction. Building on various research literature, we aim to conduct a research on the interaction between the robot agent and visual impaired people. The robot agent, applied VQA techniques, is able to analyze the environment, process and understand the pronouncing questions, and provide feedback to the human user. In this paper, we are going to discuss the related questions about this kind of interaction, the techniques we used in this work, and how we conduct our research.