Recently introduced ControlNet has the ability to steer the text-driven image generation process with geometric input such as human 2D pose, or edge features. While ControlNet provides control over the geometric form of the instances in the generated image, it lacks the capability to dictate the visual appearance of each instance. We present FineControlNet to provide fine control over each instance's appearance while maintaining the precise pose control capability. Specifically, we develop and demonstrate FineControlNet with geometric control via human pose images and appearance control via instance-level text prompts. The spatial alignment of instance-specific text prompts and 2D poses in latent space enables the fine control capabilities of FineControlNet. We evaluate the performance of FineControlNet with rigorous comparison against state-of-the-art pose-conditioned text-to-image diffusion models. FineControlNet achieves superior performance in generating images that follow the user-provided instance-specific text prompts and poses compared with existing methods. Project webpage: https://samsunglabs.github.io/FineControlNet-project-page
* Hongsuk Choi and Isaac Kasahara have eqaul contributions. 19 pages,
15 figures, 3 tables
This paper presents a method to learn hand-object interaction prior for reconstructing a 3D hand-object scene from a single RGB image. The inference as well as training-data generation for 3D hand-object scene reconstruction is challenging due to the depth ambiguity of a single image and occlusions by the hand and object. We turn this challenge into an opportunity by utilizing the hand shape to constrain the possible relative configuration of the hand and object geometry. We design a generalizable implicit function, HandNeRF, that explicitly encodes the correlation of the 3D hand shape features and 2D object features to predict the hand and object scene geometry. With experiments on real-world datasets, we show that HandNeRF is able to reconstruct hand-object scenes of novel grasp configurations more accurately than comparable methods. Moreover, we demonstrate that object reconstruction from HandNeRF ensures more accurate execution of a downstream task, such as grasping for robotic hand-over.
Recovering 3D human mesh in the wild is greatly challenging as in-the-wild (ITW) datasets provide only 2D pose ground truths (GTs). Recently, 3D pseudo-GTs have been widely used to train 3D human mesh estimation networks as the 3D pseudo-GTs enable 3D mesh supervision when training the networks on ITW datasets. However, despite the great potential of the 3D pseudo-GTs, there has been no extensive analysis that investigates which factors are important to make more beneficial 3D pseudo-GTs. In this paper, we provide three recipes to obtain highly beneficial 3D pseudo-GTs of ITW datasets. The main challenge is that only 2D-based weak supervision is allowed when obtaining the 3D pseudo-GTs. Each of our three recipes addresses the challenge in each aspect: depth ambiguity, sub-optimality of weak supervision, and implausible articulation. Experimental results show that simply re-training state-of-the-art networks with our new 3D pseudo-GTs elevates their performance to the next level without bells and whistles. The 3D pseudo-GT is publicly available in https://github.com/mks0601/NeuralAnnot_RELEASE.
Recently, a few self-supervised representation learning (SSL) methods have outperformed the ImageNet classification pre-training for vision tasks such as object detection. However, its effects on 3D human body pose and shape estimation (3DHPSE) are open to question, whose target is fixed to a unique class, the human, and has an inherent task gap with SSL. We empirically study and analyze the effects of SSL and further compare it with other pre-training alternatives for 3DHPSE. The alternatives are 2D annotation-based pre-training and synthetic data pre-training, which share the motivation of SSL that aims to reduce the labeling cost. They have been widely utilized as a source of weak-supervision or fine-tuning, but have not been remarked as a pre-training source. SSL methods underperform the conventional ImageNet classification pre-training on multiple 3DHPSE benchmarks by 7.7% on average. In contrast, despite a much less amount of pre-training data, the 2D annotation-based pre-training improves accuracy on all benchmarks and shows faster convergence during fine-tuning. Our observations challenge the naive application of the current SSL pre-training to 3DHPSE and relight the value of other data types in the pre-training aspect.
* Accepted to ICLR 2023, 18 pages including the appendix
Existing neural human rendering methods struggle with a single image input due to the lack of information in invisible areas and the depth ambiguity of pixels in visible areas. In this regard, we propose Monocular Neural Human Renderer (MonoNHR), a novel approach that renders robust free-viewpoint images of an arbitrary human given only a single image. MonoNHR is the first method that (i) renders human subjects never seen during training in a monocular setup, and (ii) is trained in a weakly-supervised manner without geometry supervision. First, we propose to disentangle 3D geometry and texture features and to condition the texture inference on the 3D geometry features. Second, we introduce a Mesh Inpainter module that inpaints the occluded parts exploiting human structural priors such as symmetry. Experiments on ZJU-MoCap, AIST, and HUMBI datasets show that our approach significantly outperforms the recent methods adapted to the monocular case.
* Hongsuk Choi and Gyeongsik Moon contributed equally, 15 pages
including the reference and supplementary material
Hands are often severely occluded by objects, which makes 3D hand mesh estimation challenging. Previous works often have disregarded information at occluded regions. However, we argue that occluded regions have strong correlations with hands so that they can provide highly beneficial information for complete 3D hand mesh estimation. Thus, in this work, we propose a novel 3D hand mesh estimation network HandOccNet, that can fully exploits the information at occluded regions as a secondary means to enhance image features and make it much richer. To this end, we design two successive Transformer-based modules, called feature injecting transformer (FIT) and self- enhancing transformer (SET). FIT injects hand information into occluded region by considering their correlation. SET refines the output of FIT by using a self-attention mechanism. By injecting the hand information to the occluded region, our HandOccNet reaches the state-of-the-art performance on 3D hand mesh benchmarks that contain challenging hand-object occlusions. The codes are available in: https://github.com/namepllet/HandOccNet.
* Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022 * also attached the supplementary material
Recovering accurate 3D human pose and shape from in-the-wild crowd scenes is highly challenging and barely studied, despite their common presence. In this regard, we present 3DCrowdNet, a 2D human pose-guided 3D crowd pose and shape estimation system for in-the-wild scenes. 2D human pose estimation methods provide relatively robust outputs on crowd scenes than 3D human pose estimation methods, as they can exploit in-the-wild multi-person 2D datasets that include crowd scenes. On the other hand, the 3D methods leverage 3D datasets, of which images mostly contain a single actor without a crowd. The train data difference impedes the 3D methods' ability to focus on a target person in in-the-wild crowd scenes. Thus, we design our system to leverage the robust 2D pose outputs from off-the-shelf 2D pose estimators, which guide a network to focus on a target person and provide essential human articulation information. We show that our 3DCrowdNet outperforms previous methods on in-the-wild crowd scenes. We will release the codes.
Despite the recent success of single image-based 3D human pose and shape estimation methods, recovering temporally consistent and smooth 3D human motion from a video is still challenging. Several video-based methods have been proposed; however, they fail to resolve the single image-based methods' temporal inconsistency issue due to a strong dependency on a static feature of the current frame. In this regard, we present a temporally consistent mesh recovery system (TCMR). It effectively focuses on the past and future frames' temporal information without being dominated by the current static feature. Our TCMR significantly outperforms previous video-based methods in temporal consistency with better per-frame 3D pose and shape accuracy. We will release the codes. Demo video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WB3nTnSQDII&t=7s&ab_channel=%EC%B5%9C%ED%99%8D%EC%84%9D
Most of the recent deep learning-based 3D human pose and mesh estimation methods regress the pose and shape parameters of human mesh models, such as SMPL and MANO, from an input image. The first weakness of these methods is an appearance domain gap problem, due to different image appearance between train data from controlled environments, such as a laboratory, and test data from in-the-wild environments. The second weakness is that the estimation of the pose parameters is quite challenging owing to the representation issues of 3D rotations. To overcome the above weaknesses, we propose Pose2Mesh, a novel graph convolutional neural network (GraphCNN)-based system that estimates the 3D coordinates of human mesh vertices directly from the 2D human pose. The 2D human pose as input provides essential human body articulation information, while having a relatively homogeneous geometric property between the two domains. Also, the proposed system avoids the representation issues, while fully exploiting the mesh topology using a GraphCNN in a coarse-to-fine manner. We show that our Pose2Mesh outperforms the previous 3D human pose and mesh estimation methods on various benchmark datasets. The codes are publicly available https://github.com/hongsukchoi/Pose2Mesh_RELEASE.