Surface electromyogram (sEMG) is arguably the most sought-after physiological signal with a broad spectrum of biomedical applications, especially in miniaturized rehabilitation robots such as multifunctional prostheses. The widespread use of sEMG to drive pattern recognition (PR)-based control schemes is primarily due to its rich motor information content and non-invasiveness. Moreover, sEMG recordings exhibit non-linear and non-uniformity properties with inevitable interferences that distort intrinsic characteristics of the signal, precluding existing signal processing methods from yielding requisite motor control information. Therefore, we propose a multiresolution decomposition driven by dual-polynomial interpolation (MRDPI) technique for adequate denoising and reconstruction of multi-class EMG signals to guarantee the dual-advantage of enhanced signal quality and motor information preservation. Parameters for optimal MRDPI configuration were constructed across combinations of thresholding estimation schemes and signal resolution levels using EMG datasets of amputees who performed up to 22 predefined upper-limb motions acquired in-house and from the public NinaPro database. Experimental results showed that the proposed method yielded signals that led to consistent and significantly better decoding performance for all metrics compared to existing methods across features, classifiers, and datasets, offering a potential solution for practical deployment of intuitive EMG-PR-based control schemes for multifunctional prostheses and other miniaturized rehabilitation robotic systems that utilize myoelectric signals as control inputs.
* IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, November 2022
Empowering autonomous agents with 3D understanding for daily objects is a grand challenge in robotics applications. When exploring in an unknown environment, existing methods for object pose estimation are still not satisfactory due to the diversity of object shapes. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for category-level object shape and pose estimation from a single RGB-D image. To handle the intra-category variation, we adopt a semantic primitive representation that encodes diverse shapes into a unified latent space, which is the key to establish reliable correspondences between observed point clouds and estimated shapes. Then, by using a SIM(3)-invariant shape descriptor, we gracefully decouple the shape and pose of an object, thus supporting latent shape optimization of target objects in arbitrary poses. Extensive experiments show that the proposed method achieves SOTA pose estimation performance and better generalization in the real-world dataset. Code and video are available at https://zju3dv.github.io/gCasp
The use of deep neural networks in electromyogram (EMG) based prostheses control provides a promising alternative to the hand-crafted features by automatically learning muscle activation patterns from the EMG signals. Meanwhile, the use of raw EMG signals as input to convolution neural networks (CNN) offers a simple, fast, and ideal scheme for effective control of prostheses. Therefore, this study investigates the relationship between window length and overlap, which may influence the generation of robust raw EMG 2-dimensional (2D) signals for application in CNN. And a rule of thumb for a proper combination of these parameters that could guarantee optimal network performance was derived. Moreover, we investigate the relationship between the CNN receptive window size and the raw EMG signal size. Experimental results show that the performance of the CNN increases with the increase in overlap within the generated signals, with the highest improvement of 9.49% accuracy and 23.33% F1-score realized when the overlap is 75% of the window length. Similarly, the network performance increases with the increase in receptive window (kernel) size. Findings from this study suggest that a combination of 75% overlap in 2D EMG signals and wider network kernels may provide ideal motor intents classification for adequate EMG-CNN based prostheses control scheme.