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"Topic Modeling": models, code, and papers

Social Media Text Processing and Semantic Analysis for Smart Cities

Sep 11, 2017
João Filipe Figueiredo Pereira

With the rise of Social Media, people obtain and share information almost instantly on a 24/7 basis. Many research areas have tried to gain valuable insights from these large volumes of freely available user generated content. With the goal of extracting knowledge from social media streams that might be useful in the context of intelligent transportation systems and smart cities, we designed and developed a framework that provides functionalities for parallel collection of geo-located tweets from multiple pre-defined bounding boxes (cities or regions), including filtering of non-complying tweets, text pre-processing for Portuguese and English language, topic modeling, and transportation-specific text classifiers, as well as, aggregation and data visualization. We performed an exploratory data analysis of geo-located tweets in 5 different cities: Rio de Janeiro, S\~ao Paulo, New York City, London and Melbourne, comprising a total of more than 43 million tweets in a period of 3 months. Furthermore, we performed a large scale topic modelling comparison between Rio de Janeiro and S\~ao Paulo. Interestingly, most of the topics are shared between both cities which despite being in the same country are considered very different regarding population, economy and lifestyle. We take advantage of recent developments in word embeddings and train such representations from the collections of geo-located tweets. We then use a combination of bag-of-embeddings and traditional bag-of-words to train travel-related classifiers in both Portuguese and English to filter travel-related content from non-related. We created specific gold-standard data to perform empirical evaluation of the resulting classifiers. Results are in line with research work in other application areas by showing the robustness of using word embeddings to learn word similarities that bag-of-words is not able to capture.

  
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WHAI: Weibull Hybrid Autoencoding Inference for Deep Topic Modeling

Mar 04, 2018
Hao Zhang, Bo Chen, Dandan Guo, Mingyuan Zhou

To train an inference network jointly with a deep generative topic model, making it both scalable to big corpora and fast in out-of-sample prediction, we develop Weibull hybrid autoencoding inference (WHAI) for deep latent Dirichlet allocation, which infers posterior samples via a hybrid of stochastic-gradient MCMC and autoencoding variational Bayes. The generative network of WHAI has a hierarchy of gamma distributions, while the inference network of WHAI is a Weibull upward-downward variational autoencoder, which integrates a deterministic-upward deep neural network, and a stochastic-downward deep generative model based on a hierarchy of Weibull distributions. The Weibull distribution can be used to well approximate a gamma distribution with an analytic Kullback-Leibler divergence, and has a simple reparameterization via the uniform noise, which help efficiently compute the gradients of the evidence lower bound with respect to the parameters of the inference network. The effectiveness and efficiency of WHAI are illustrated with experiments on big corpora.

* ICLR 2018 
  
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Natural Language Processing via LDA Topic Model in Recommendation Systems

Sep 20, 2019
Hamed Jelodar, Yongli Wang, Mahdi Rabbani, SeyedValyAllah Ayobi

Today, Internet is one of the widest available media worldwide. Recommendation systems are increasingly being used in various applications such as movie recommendation, mobile recommendation, article recommendation and etc. Collaborative Filtering (CF) and Content-Based (CB) are Well-known techniques for building recommendation systems. Topic modeling based on LDA, is a powerful technique for semantic mining and perform topic extraction. In the past few years, many articles have been published based on LDA technique for building recommendation systems. In this paper, we present taxonomy of recommendation systems and applications based on LDA. In addition, we utilize LDA and Gibbs sampling algorithms to evaluate ISWC and WWW conference publications in computer science. Our study suggest that the recommendation systems based on LDA could be effective in building smart recommendation system in online communities.

  
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Topic Modeling on User Stories using Word Mover's Distance

Jul 13, 2020
Kim Julian Gülle, Nicholas Ford, Patrick Ebel, Florian Brokhausen, Andreas Vogelsang

Requirements elicitation has recently been complemented with crowd-based techniques, which continuously involve large, heterogeneous groups of users who express their feedback through a variety of media. Crowd-based elicitation has great potential for engaging with (potential) users early on but also results in large sets of raw and unstructured feedback. Consolidating and analyzing this feedback is a key challenge for turning it into sensible user requirements. In this paper, we focus on topic modeling as a means to identify topics within a large set of crowd-generated user stories and compare three approaches: (1) a traditional approach based on Latent Dirichlet Allocation, (2) a combination of word embeddings and principal component analysis, and (3) a combination of word embeddings and Word Mover's Distance. We evaluate the approaches on a publicly available set of 2,966 user stories written and categorized by crowd workers. We found that a combination of word embeddings and Word Mover's Distance is most promising. Depending on the word embeddings we use in our approaches, we manage to cluster the user stories in two ways: one that is closer to the original categorization and another that allows new insights into the dataset, e.g. to find potentially new categories. Unfortunately, no measure exists to rate the quality of our results objectively. Still, our findings provide a basis for future work towards analyzing crowd-sourced user stories.

  
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An Online Topic Modeling Framework with Topics Automatically Labeled

Jun 22, 2019
Fenglei Jin, Cuiyun Gao, Michael R. Lyu

In this paper, we propose a novel online topic tracking framework, named IEDL, for tracking the topic changes related to deep learning techniques on Stack Exchange and automatically interpreting each identified topic. The proposed framework combines the prior topic distributions in a time window during inferring the topics in current time slice, and introduces a new ranking scheme to select most representative phrases and sentences for the inferred topics in each time slice. Experiments on 7,076 Stack Exchange posts show the effectiveness of IEDL in tracking topic changes and labeling topics.

* 5 pages, 3 figures, ICML 
  
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Assessing the trade-off between prediction accuracy and interpretability for topic modeling on energetic materials corpora

Jun 01, 2022
Monica Puerto, Mason Kellett, Rodanthi Nikopoulou, Mark D. Fuge, Ruth Doherty, Peter W. Chung, Zois Boukouvalas

As the amount and variety of energetics research increases, machine aware topic identification is necessary to streamline future research pipelines. The makeup of an automatic topic identification process consists of creating document representations and performing classification. However, the implementation of these processes on energetics research imposes new challenges. Energetics datasets contain many scientific terms that are necessary to understand the context of a document but may require more complex document representations. Secondly, the predictions from classification must be understandable and trusted by the chemists within the pipeline. In this work, we study the trade-off between prediction accuracy and interpretability by implementing three document embedding methods that vary in computational complexity. With our accuracy results, we also introduce local interpretability model-agnostic explanations (LIME) of each prediction to provide a localized understanding of each prediction and to validate classifier decisions with our team of energetics experts. This study was carried out on a novel labeled energetics dataset created and validated by our team of energetics experts.

* Accepted for publication in the 25th International Seminar New Trends in Research of Energetic Materials (NTREM 2022 proceedings) 
  
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3D Morphable Face Models -- Past, Present and Future

Sep 03, 2019
Bernhard Egger, William A. P. Smith, Ayush Tewari, Stefanie Wuhrer, Michael Zollhoefer, Thabo Beeler, Florian Bernard, Timo Bolkart, Adam Kortylewski, Sami Romdhani, Christian Theobalt, Volker Blanz, Thomas Vetter

In this paper, we provide a detailed survey of 3D Morphable Face Models over the 20 years since they were first proposed. The challenges in building and applying these models, namely capture, modeling, image formation, and image analysis, are still active research topics, and we review the state-of-the-art in each of these areas. We also look ahead, identifying unsolved challenges, proposing directions for future research and highlighting the broad range of current and future applications.

  
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Detecting Group Beliefs Related to 2018's Brazilian Elections in Tweets A Combined Study on Modeling Topics and Sentiment Analysis

May 31, 2020
Brenda Salenave Santana, Aline Aver Vanin

2018's Brazilian presidential elections highlighted the influence of alternative media and social networks, such as Twitter. In this work, we perform an analysis covering politically motivated discourses related to the second round in Brazilian elections. In order to verify whether similar discourses reinforce group engagement to personal beliefs, we collected a set of tweets related to political hashtags at that moment. To this end, we have used a combination of topic modeling approach with opinion mining techniques to analyze the motivated political discourses. Using SentiLex-PT, a Portuguese sentiment lexicon, we extracted from the dataset the top 5 most frequent group of words related to opinions. Applying a bag-of-words model, the cosine similarity calculation was performed between each opinion and the observed groups. This study allowed us to observe an exacerbated use of passionate discourses in the digital political scenario as a form of appreciation and engagement to the groups which convey similar beliefs.

* Proceedings of the Workshop on Digital Humanities and Natural Language Processing (DHandNLP 2020) co-located with International Conference on the Computational Processing of Portuguese (PROPOR 2020) 
  
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Predicting Central Topics in a Blog Corpus from a Networks Perspective

May 10, 2014
Srayan Datta

In today's content-centric Internet, blogs are becoming increasingly popular and important from a data analysis perspective. According to Wikipedia, there were over 156 million public blogs on the Internet as of February 2011. Blogs are a reflection of our contemporary society. The contents of different blog posts are important from social, psychological, economical and political perspectives. Discovery of important topics in the blogosphere is an area which still needs much exploring. We try to come up with a procedure using probabilistic topic modeling and network centrality measures which identifies the central topics in a blog corpus.

  
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Modeling Rich Contexts for Sentiment Classification with LSTM

May 05, 2016
Minlie Huang, Yujie Cao, Chao Dong

Sentiment analysis on social media data such as tweets and weibo has become a very important and challenging task. Due to the intrinsic properties of such data, tweets are short, noisy, and of divergent topics, and sentiment classification on these data requires to modeling various contexts such as the retweet/reply history of a tweet, and the social context about authors and relationships. While few prior study has approached the issue of modeling contexts in tweet, this paper proposes to use a hierarchical LSTM to model rich contexts in tweet, particularly long-range context. Experimental results show that contexts can help us to perform sentiment classification remarkably better.

  
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