In implant prosthesis treatment, the surgical guide of implant is used to ensure accurate implantation. However, such design heavily relies on the manual location of the implant position. When deep neural network has been proposed to assist the dentist in locating the implant position, most of them take a single slice as input, which do not fully explore 3D contextual information and ignoring the influence of implant slope. In this paper, we design a Text Guided 3D Context and Slope Aware Triple Network (TCSloT) which enables the perception of contextual information from multiple adjacent slices and awareness of variation of implant slopes. A Texture Variation Perception (TVP) module is correspondingly elaborated to process the multiple slices and capture the texture variation among slices and a Slope-Aware Loss (SAL) is proposed to dynamically assign varying weights for the regression head. Additionally, we design a conditional text guidance (CTG) module to integrate the text condition (i.e., left, middle and right) from the CLIP for assisting the implant position prediction. Extensive experiments on a dental implant dataset through five-fold cross-validation demonstrated that the proposed TCSloT achieves superior performance than existing methods.
When deep neural network has been proposed to assist the dentist in designing the location of dental implant, most of them are targeting simple cases where only one missing tooth is available. As a result, literature works do not work well when there are multiple missing teeth and easily generate false predictions when the teeth are sparsely distributed. In this paper, we are trying to integrate a weak supervision text, the target region, to the implant position regression network, to address above issues. We propose a text condition embedded implant position regression network (TCEIP), to embed the text condition into the encoder-decoder framework for improvement of the regression performance. A cross-modal interaction that consists of cross-modal attention (CMA) and knowledge alignment module (KAM) is proposed to facilitate the interaction between features of images and texts. The CMA module performs a cross-attention between the image feature and the text condition, and the KAM mitigates the knowledge gap between the image feature and the image encoder of the CLIP. Extensive experiments on a dental implant dataset through five-fold cross-validation demonstrated that the proposed TCEIP achieves superior performance than existing methods.
In implant prosthesis treatment, the design of surgical guide requires lots of manual labors and is prone to subjective variations. When deep learning based methods has started to be applied to address this problem, the space between teeth are various and some of them might present similar texture characteristic with the actual implant region. Both problems make a big challenge for the implant position prediction. In this paper, we develop a two-stream implant position regression framework (TSIPR), which consists of an implant region detector (IRD) and a multi-scale patch embedding regression network (MSPENet), to address this issue. For the training of IRD, we extend the original annotation to provide additional supervisory information, which contains much more rich characteristic and do not introduce extra labeling costs. A multi-scale patch embedding module is designed for the MSPENet to adaptively extract features from the images with various tooth spacing. The global-local feature interaction block is designed to build the encoder of MSPENet, which combines the transformer and convolution for enriched feature representation. During inference, the RoI mask extracted from the IRD is used to refine the prediction results of the MSPENet. Extensive experiments on a dental implant dataset through five-fold cross-validation demonstrated that the proposed TSIPR achieves superior performance than existing methods.
Implant prosthesis is the most optimum treatment of dentition defect or dentition loss, which usually involves a surgical guide design process to decide the position of implant. However, such design heavily relies on the subjective experiences of dentist. To relieve this problem, in this paper, a transformer based Implant Position Regression Network, ImplantFormer, is proposed to automatically predict the implant position based on the oral CBCT data. The 3D CBCT data is firstly transformed into a series of 2D transverse plane slice views. ImplantFormer is then proposed to predict the position of implant based on the 2D slices of crown images. Convolutional stem and decoder are designed to coarsely extract image feature before the operation of patch embedding and integrate multi-levels feature map for robust prediction. The predictions of our network at tooth crown area are finally projected back to the positions at tooth root. As both long-range relationship and local features are involved, our approach can better represent global information and achieves better location performance than the state-of-the-art detectors. Experimental results on a dataset of 128 patients, collected from Shenzhen University General Hospital, show that our ImplantFormer achieves superior performance than benchmarks.
Due to the high complexity and occlusion, insufficient perception in the crowded urban intersection can be a serious safety risk for both human drivers and autonomous algorithms, whereas CVIS (Cooperative Vehicle Infrastructure System) is a proposed solution for full-participants perception in this scenario. However, the research on roadside multimodal perception is still in its infancy, and there is no open-source dataset for such scenario. Accordingly, this paper fills the gap. Through an IPS (Intersection Perception System) installed at the diagonal of the intersection, this paper proposes a high-quality multimodal dataset for the intersection perception task. The center of the experimental intersection covers an area of 3000m2, and the extended distance reaches 300m, which is typical for CVIS. The first batch of open-source data includes 14198 frames, and each frame has an average of 319.84 labels, which is 9.6 times larger than the most crowded dataset (H3D dataset in 2019) by now. In order to facilitate further study, this dataset tries to keep the label documents consistent with the KITTI dataset, and a standardized benchmark is created for algorithm evaluation. Our dataset is available at: http://www.openmpd.com/column/other_datasets.