Chinese couplet is a special form of poetry composed of complex syntax with ancient Chinese language. Due to the complexity of semantic and grammatical rules, creation of a suitable couplet is a formidable challenge. This paper presents a transformer-based sequence-to-sequence couplet generation model. With the utilization of AnchiBERT, the model is able to capture ancient Chinese language understanding. Moreover, we evaluate the Glyph, PinYin and Part-of-Speech tagging on the couplet grammatical rules to further improve the model.
Satellite video cameras can provide continuous observation for a large-scale area, which is important for many remote sensing applications. However, achieving moving object detection and tracking in satellite videos remains challenging due to the insufficient appearance information of objects and lack of high-quality datasets. In this paper, we first build a large-scale satellite video dataset with rich annotations for the task of moving object detection and tracking. This dataset is collected by the Jilin-1 satellite constellation and composed of 47 high-quality videos with 1,646,038 instances of interest for object detection and 3,711 trajectories for object tracking. We then introduce a motion modeling baseline to improve the detection rate and reduce false alarms based on accumulative multi-frame differencing and robust matrix completion. Finally, we establish the first public benchmark for moving object detection and tracking in satellite videos, and extensively evaluate the performance of several representative approaches on our dataset. Comprehensive experimental analyses and insightful conclusions are also provided. The dataset is available at https://github.com/QingyongHu/VISO.
The sparse LiDAR point clouds become more and more popular in various applications, e.g., the autonomous driving. However, for this type of data, there exists much under-explored space in the corresponding compression framework proposed by MPEG, i.e., geometry-based point cloud compression (G-PCC). In G-PCC, only the distance-based similarity is considered in the intra prediction for the attribute compression. In this paper, we propose a normal-based intra prediction scheme, which provides a more efficient lossless attribute compression by introducing the normals of point clouds. The angle between normals is used to further explore accurate local similarity, which optimizes the selection of predictors. We implement our method into the G-PCC reference software. Experimental results over LiDAR acquired datasets demonstrate that our proposed method is able to deliver better compression performance than the G-PCC anchor, with $2.1\%$ gains on average for lossless attribute coding.
LiDAR point cloud frame interpolation, which synthesizes the intermediate frame between the captured frames, has emerged as an important issue for many applications. Especially for reducing the amounts of point cloud transmission, it is by predicting the intermediate frame based on the reference frames to upsample data to high frame rate ones. However, due to high-dimensional and sparse characteristics of point clouds, it is more difficult to predict the intermediate frame for LiDAR point clouds than videos. In this paper, we propose a novel LiDAR point cloud frame interpolation method, which exploits range images (RIs) as an intermediate representation with CNNs to conduct the frame interpolation process. Considering the inherited characteristics of RIs differ from that of color images, we introduce spatially adaptive convolutions to extract range features adaptively, while a high-efficient flow estimation method is presented to generate optical flows. The proposed model then warps the input frames and range features, based on the optical flows to synthesize the interpolated frame. Extensive experiments on the KITTI dataset have clearly demonstrated that our method consistently achieves superior frame interpolation results with better perceptual quality to that of using state-of-the-art video frame interpolation methods. The proposed method could be integrated into any LiDAR point cloud compression systems for inter prediction.
Drawing on the idea that brain development is a Darwinian process of ``evolution + selection'' and the idea that the current state is a local equilibrium state of many bodies with self-organization and evolution processes driven by the temperature and gravity in our universe, in this work, we describe an artificial intelligence system called the ``Synergetic Learning Systems''. The system is composed of two or more subsystems (models, agents or virtual bodies), and it is an open complex giant system. Inspired by natural intelligence, the system achieves intelligent information processing and decision-making in a given environment through cooperative/competitive synergetic learning. The intelligence evolved by the natural law of ``it is not the strongest of the species that survives, but the one most responsive to change,'' while an artificial intelligence system should adopt the law of ``human selection'' in the evolution process. Therefore, we expect that the proposed system architecture can also be adapted in human-machine synergy or multi-agent synergetic systems. It is also expected that under our design criteria, the proposed system will eventually achieve artificial general intelligence through long term coevolution.
Due to limited size and imperfect of the optical components in a spectrometer, aberration has inevitably been brought into two-dimensional multi-fiber spectrum image in LAMOST, which leads to obvious spacial variation of the point spread functions (PSFs). Consequently, if spatial variant PSFs are estimated directly , the huge storage and intensive computation requirements result in deconvolutional spectral extraction method become intractable. In this paper, we proposed a novel method to solve the problem of spatial variation PSF through image aberration correction. When CCD image aberration is corrected, PSF, the convolution kernel, can be approximated by one spatial invariant PSF only. Specifically, machine learning techniques are adopted to calibrate distorted spectral image, including Total Least Squares (TLS) algorithm, intelligent sampling method, multi-layer feed-forward neural networks. The calibration experiments on the LAMOST CCD images show that the calibration effect of proposed method is effectible. At the same time, the spectrum extraction results before and after calibration are compared, results show the characteristics of the extracted one-dimensional waveform are more close to an ideal optics system, and the PSF of the corrected object spectrum image estimated by the blind deconvolution method is nearly central symmetry, which indicates that our proposed method can significantly reduce the complexity of spectrum extraction and improve extraction accuracy.
Video interpolation is an important problem in computer vision, which helps overcome the temporal limitation of camera sensors. Existing video interpolation methods usually assume uniform motion between consecutive frames and use linear models for interpolation, which cannot well approximate the complex motion in the real world. To address these issues, we propose a quadratic video interpolation method which exploits the acceleration information in videos. This method allows prediction with curvilinear trajectory and variable velocity, and generates more accurate interpolation results. For high-quality frame synthesis, we develop a flow reversal layer to estimate flow fields starting from the unknown target frame to the source frame. In addition, we present techniques for flow refinement. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our approach performs favorably against the existing linear models on a wide variety of video datasets.
Image deblurring, a.k.a. image deconvolution, recovers a clear image from pixel superposition caused by blur degradation. Few deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) succeed in addressing this task. In this paper, we first demonstrate that the minimum-mean-square-error (MMSE) solution to image deblurring can be interestingly unfolded into a series of residual components. Based on this analysis, we propose a novel iterative residual deconvolution (IRD) algorithm. Further, IRD motivates us to take one step forward to design an explicable and effective CNN architecture for image deconvolution. Specifically, a sequence of residual CNN units are deployed, whose intermediate outputs are then concatenated and integrated, resulting in concatenated residual convolutional network (CRCNet). The experimental results demonstrate that proposed CRCNet not only achieves better quantitative metrics but also recovers more visually plausible texture details compared with state-of-the-art methods.
Most blind deconvolution methods usually pre-define a large kernel size to guarantee the support domain. Blur kernel estimation error is likely to be introduced, and is proportional to kernel size. In this paper, we experimentally and theoretically show the reason of noises introduction in oversized kernel by demonstrating that sizeable kernels lead to lower optimization cost. To eliminate this adverse effect, we propose a low rank-based regularization on blur kernel by analyzing the structural information in degraded kernels. Compared with the sparsity prior, e.g., $\ell_\alpha$-norm, our regularization term can effectively suppress random noises in oversized kernels. On benchmark test dataset, the proposed method is compared with several state-of-the-art methods, and can achieve better quantitative score. Especially, the improvement margin is much more significant for oversized blur kernels. We also validate the proposed method on real-world blurry images.