This paper presents a comprehensive evaluation of the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) capabilities of the recently released GPT-4V(ision), a Large Multimodal Model (LMM). We assess the model's performance across a range of OCR tasks, including scene text recognition, handwritten text recognition, handwritten mathematical expression recognition, table structure recognition, and information extraction from visually-rich document. The evaluation reveals that GPT-4V performs well in recognizing and understanding Latin contents, but struggles with multilingual scenarios and complex tasks. Specifically, it showed limitations when dealing with non-Latin languages and complex tasks such as handwriting mathematical expression recognition, table structure recognition, and end-to-end semantic entity recognition and pair extraction from document image. Based on these observations, we affirm the necessity and continued research value of specialized OCR models. In general, despite its versatility in handling diverse OCR tasks, GPT-4V does not outperform existing state-of-the-art OCR models. How to fully utilize pre-trained general-purpose LMMs such as GPT-4V for OCR downstream tasks remains an open problem. The study offers a critical reference for future research in OCR with LMMs. Evaluation pipeline and results are available at https://github.com/SCUT-DLVCLab/GPT-4V_OCR.
Large language models (LLMs) have demonstrated dominating performance in many NLP tasks, especially on generative tasks. However, they often fall short in some information extraction tasks, particularly those requiring domain-specific knowledge, such as Biomedical Named Entity Recognition (NER). In this paper, inspired by Chain-of-thought, we leverage the LLM to solve the Biomedical NER step-by-step: break down the NER task into entity span extraction and entity type determination. Additionally, for entity type determination, we inject entity knowledge to address the problem that LLM's lack of domain knowledge when predicting entity category. Experimental results show a significant improvement in our two-step BioNER approach compared to previous few-shot LLM baseline. Additionally, the incorporation of external knowledge significantly enhances entity category determination performance.