Meta learning have achieved promising performance in low-resource text classification which aims to identify target classes with knowledge transferred from source classes with sets of small tasks named episodes. However, due to the limited training data in the meta-learning scenario and the inherent properties of parameterized neural networks, poor generalization performance has become a pressing problem that needs to be addressed. To deal with this issue, we propose a meta-learning based method called Retrieval-Augmented Meta Learning(RAML). It not only uses parameterization for inference but also retrieves non-parametric knowledge from an external corpus to make inferences, which greatly alleviates the problem of poor generalization performance caused by the lack of diverse training data in meta-learning. This method differs from previous models that solely rely on parameters, as it explicitly emphasizes the importance of non-parametric knowledge, aiming to strike a balance between parameterized neural networks and non-parametric knowledge. The model is required to determine which knowledge to access and utilize during inference. Additionally, our multi-view passages fusion network module can effectively and efficiently integrate the retrieved information into low-resource classification task. The extensive experiments demonstrate that RAML significantly outperforms current SOTA low-resource text classification models.
Generalized Few-Shot Intent Detection (GFSID) is challenging and realistic because it needs to categorize both seen and novel intents simultaneously. Previous GFSID methods rely on the episodic learning paradigm, which makes it hard to extend to a generalized setup as they do not explicitly learn the classification of seen categories and the knowledge of seen intents. To address the dilemma, we propose to convert the GFSID task into the class incremental learning paradigm. Specifically, we propose a two-stage learning framework, which sequentially learns the knowledge of different intents in various periods via prompt learning. And then we exploit prototypes for categorizing both seen and novel intents. Furthermore, to achieve the transfer knowledge of intents in different stages, for different scenarios we design two knowledge preservation methods which close to realistic applications. Extensive experiments and detailed analyses on two widely used datasets show that our framework based on the class incremental learning paradigm achieves promising performance.
Watermarking serves as a widely adopted approach to safeguard media copyright. In parallel, the research focus has extended to watermark removal techniques, offering an adversarial means to enhance watermark robustness and foster advancements in the watermarking field. Existing watermark removal methods mainly rely on UNet with task-specific decoder branches--one for watermark localization and the other for background image restoration. However, watermark localization and background restoration are not isolated tasks; precise watermark localization inherently implies regions necessitating restoration, and the background restoration process contributes to more accurate watermark localization. To holistically integrate information from both branches, we introduce an implicit joint learning paradigm. This empowers the network to autonomously navigate the flow of information between implicit branches through a gate mechanism. Furthermore, we employ cross-channel attention to facilitate local detail restoration and holistic structural comprehension, while harnessing nested structures to integrate multi-scale information. Extensive experiments are conducted on various challenging benchmarks to validate the effectiveness of our proposed method. The results demonstrate our approach's remarkable superiority, surpassing existing state-of-the-art methods by a large margin.
We focus on the setting of contextual batched bandit (CBB), where a batch of rewards is observed from the environment in each episode. But the rewards of the non-executed actions are unobserved (i.e., partial-information feedbacks). Existing approaches for CBB usually ignore the rewards of the non-executed actions, resulting in feedback information being underutilized. In this paper, we propose an efficient reward imputation approach using sketching for CBB, which completes the unobserved rewards with the imputed rewards approximating the full-information feedbacks. Specifically, we formulate the reward imputation as a problem of imputation regularized ridge regression, which captures the feedback mechanisms of both the non-executed and executed actions. To reduce the time complexity of reward imputation, we solve the regression problem using randomized sketching. We prove that our reward imputation approach obtains a relative-error bound for sketching approximation, achieves an instantaneous regret with a controllable bias and a smaller variance than that without reward imputation, and enjoys a sublinear regret bound against the optimal policy. Moreover, we present two extensions of our approach, including the rate-scheduled version and the version for nonlinear rewards, making our approach more feasible. Experimental results demonstrated that our approach can outperform the state-of-the-art baselines on synthetic and real-world datasets.
In this paper, we aim at providing an effective Pairwise Learning Neural Link Prediction (PLNLP) framework. The framework treats link prediction as a pairwise learning to rank problem and consists of four main components, i.e., neighborhood encoder, link predictor, negative sampler and objective function. The framework is flexible that any generic graph neural convolution or link prediction specific neural architecture could be employed as neighborhood encoder. For link predictor, we design different scoring functions, which could be selected based on different types of graphs. In negative sampler, we provide several sampling strategies, which are problem specific. As for objective function, we propose to use an effective ranking loss, which approximately maximizes the standard ranking metric AUC. We evaluate the proposed PLNLP framework on 4 link property prediction datasets of Open Graph Benchmark, including ogbl-ddi, ogbl-collab, ogbl-ppa and ogbl-ciation2. PLNLP achieves top 1 performance on ogbl-ddi and ogbl-collab, and top 2 performance on ogbl-ciation2 only with basic neural architecture. The performance demonstrates the effectiveness of PLNLP.