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Provable Limitations of Acquiring Meaning from Ungrounded Form: What will Future Language Models Understand?


Apr 22, 2021
William Merrill, Yoav Goldberg, Roy Schwartz, Noah A. Smith

* Accepted at TACL; pre-MIT Press publication version 

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Competency Problems: On Finding and Removing Artifacts in Language Data


Apr 17, 2021
Matt Gardner, William Merrill, Jesse Dodge, Matthew E. Peters, Alexis Ross, Sameer Singh, Noah Smith


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Formal Language Theory Meets Modern NLP


Feb 23, 2021
William Merrill

* 22 pages, tutorial document 

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Parameter Norm Growth During Training of Transformers


Nov 11, 2020
William Merrill, Vivek Ramanujan, Yoav Goldberg, Roy Schwartz, Noah Smith

* Preprint. 9 body pages with appendix 

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CORD-19: The Covid-19 Open Research Dataset


Apr 25, 2020
Lucy Lu Wang, Kyle Lo, Yoganand Chandrasekhar, Russell Reas, Jiangjiang Yang, Darrin Eide, Kathryn Funk, Rodney Kinney, Ziyang Liu, William Merrill, Paul Mooney, Dewey Murdick, Devvret Rishi, Jerry Sheehan, Zhihong Shen, Brandon Stilson, Alex D. Wade, Kuansan Wang, Chris Wilhelm, Boya Xie, Douglas Raymond, Daniel S. Weld, Oren Etzioni, Sebastian Kohlmeier

* 10 pages, 3 figures 

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A Formal Hierarchy of RNN Architectures


Apr 24, 2020
William Merrill, Gail Weiss, Yoav Goldberg, Roy Schwartz, Noah A. Smith, Eran Yahav

* To appear at ACL 2020. Updated to include computational cost estimates 

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On the Linguistic Capacity of Real-Time Counter Automata


Apr 15, 2020
William Merrill

* Unpublished 

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Detecting Syntactic Change Using a Neural Part-of-Speech Tagger


Jul 09, 2019
William Merrill, Gigi Felice Stark, Robert Frank

* To appear in the proceedings of the Computational Approaches to Historical Language Change workshop at ACL 2019 

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Sequential Neural Networks as Automata


Jun 05, 2019
William Merrill

* To appear in the proceedings of the Deep Learning and Formal Languages workshop at ACL 2019 

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Finding Syntactic Representations in Neural Stacks


Jun 04, 2019
William Merrill, Lenny Khazan, Noah Amsel, Yiding Hao, Simon Mendelsohn, Robert Frank

* To appear in the Proceedings of the 2019 ACL Workshop BlackboxNLP: Analyzing and Interpreting Neural Networks for NLP 

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Context-Free Transductions with Neural Stacks


Sep 08, 2018
Yiding Hao, William Merrill, Dana Angluin, Robert Frank, Noah Amsel, Andrew Benz, Simon Mendelsohn

* To appear in the proceedings of the Analyzing and Interpreting Neural Networks for NLP workshop at EMNLP 2018 

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End-to-end Graph-based TAG Parsing with Neural Networks


Apr 28, 2018
Jungo Kasai, Robert Frank, Pauli Xu, William Merrill, Owen Rambow

* NAACL 2018 

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