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Bella Specktor Fadida

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Biomedical image analysis competitions: The state of current participation practice

Dec 16, 2022
Matthias Eisenmann, Annika Reinke, Vivienn Weru, Minu Dietlinde Tizabi, Fabian Isensee, Tim J. Adler, Patrick Godau, Veronika Cheplygina, Michal Kozubek, Sharib Ali, Anubha Gupta, Jan Kybic, Alison Noble, Carlos Ortiz de Solórzano, Samiksha Pachade, Caroline Petitjean, Daniel Sage, Donglai Wei, Elizabeth Wilden, Deepak Alapatt, Vincent Andrearczyk, Ujjwal Baid, Spyridon Bakas, Niranjan Balu, Sophia Bano, Vivek Singh Bawa, Jorge Bernal, Sebastian Bodenstedt, Alessandro Casella, Jinwook Choi, Olivier Commowick, Marie Daum, Adrien Depeursinge, Reuben Dorent, Jan Egger, Hannah Eichhorn, Sandy Engelhardt, Melanie Ganz, Gabriel Girard, Lasse Hansen, Mattias Heinrich, Nicholas Heller, Alessa Hering, Arnaud Huaulmé, Hyunjeong Kim, Bennett Landman, Hongwei Bran Li, Jianning Li, Jun Ma, Anne Martel, Carlos Martín-Isla, Bjoern Menze, Chinedu Innocent Nwoye, Valentin Oreiller, Nicolas Padoy, Sarthak Pati, Kelly Payette, Carole Sudre, Kimberlin van Wijnen, Armine Vardazaryan, Tom Vercauteren, Martin Wagner, Chuanbo Wang, Moi Hoon Yap, Zeyun Yu, Chun Yuan, Maximilian Zenk, Aneeq Zia, David Zimmerer, Rina Bao, Chanyeol Choi, Andrew Cohen, Oleh Dzyubachyk, Adrian Galdran, Tianyuan Gan, Tianqi Guo, Pradyumna Gupta, Mahmood Haithami, Edward Ho, Ikbeom Jang, Zhili Li, Zhengbo Luo, Filip Lux, Sokratis Makrogiannis, Dominik Müller, Young-tack Oh, Subeen Pang, Constantin Pape, Gorkem Polat, Charlotte Rosalie Reed, Kanghyun Ryu, Tim Scherr, Vajira Thambawita, Haoyu Wang, Xinliang Wang, Kele Xu, Hung Yeh, Doyeob Yeo, Yixuan Yuan, Yan Zeng, Xin Zhao, Julian Abbing, Jannes Adam, Nagesh Adluru, Niklas Agethen, Salman Ahmed, Yasmina Al Khalil, Mireia Alenyà, Esa Alhoniemi, Chengyang An, Talha Anwar, Tewodros Weldebirhan Arega, Netanell Avisdris, Dogu Baran Aydogan, Yingbin Bai, Maria Baldeon Calisto, Berke Doga Basaran, Marcel Beetz, Cheng Bian, Hao Bian, Kevin Blansit, Louise Bloch, Robert Bohnsack, Sara Bosticardo, Jack Breen, Mikael Brudfors, Raphael Brüngel, Mariano Cabezas, Alberto Cacciola, Zhiwei Chen, Yucong Chen, Daniel Tianming Chen, Minjeong Cho, Min-Kook Choi, Chuantao Xie Chuantao Xie, Dana Cobzas, Julien Cohen-Adad, Jorge Corral Acero, Sujit Kumar Das, Marcela de Oliveira, Hanqiu Deng, Guiming Dong, Lars Doorenbos, Cory Efird, Di Fan, Mehdi Fatan Serj, Alexandre Fenneteau, Lucas Fidon, Patryk Filipiak, René Finzel, Nuno R. Freitas, Christoph M. Friedrich, Mitchell Fulton, Finn Gaida, Francesco Galati, Christoforos Galazis, Chang Hee Gan, Zheyao Gao, Shengbo Gao, Matej Gazda, Beerend Gerats, Neil Getty, Adam Gibicar, Ryan Gifford, Sajan Gohil, Maria Grammatikopoulou, Daniel Grzech, Orhun Güley, Timo Günnemann, Chunxu Guo, Sylvain Guy, Heonjin Ha, Luyi Han, Il Song Han, Ali Hatamizadeh, Tian He, Jimin Heo, Sebastian Hitziger, SeulGi Hong, SeungBum Hong, Rian Huang, Ziyan Huang, Markus Huellebrand, Stephan Huschauer, Mustaffa Hussain, Tomoo Inubushi, Ece Isik Polat, Mojtaba Jafaritadi, SeongHun Jeong, Bailiang Jian, Yuanhong Jiang, Zhifan Jiang, Yueming Jin, Smriti Joshi, Abdolrahim Kadkhodamohammadi, Reda Abdellah Kamraoui, Inha Kang, Junghwa Kang, Davood Karimi, April Khademi, Muhammad Irfan Khan, Suleiman A. Khan, Rishab Khantwal, Kwang-Ju Kim, Timothy Kline, Satoshi Kondo, Elina Kontio, Adrian Krenzer, Artem Kroviakov, Hugo Kuijf, Satyadwyoom Kumar, Francesco La Rosa, Abhi Lad, Doohee Lee, Minho Lee, Chiara Lena, Hao Li, Ling Li, Xingyu Li, Fuyuan Liao, KuanLun Liao, Arlindo Limede Oliveira, Chaonan Lin, Shan Lin, Akis Linardos, Marius George Linguraru, Han Liu, Tao Liu, Di Liu, Yanling Liu, João Lourenço-Silva, Jingpei Lu, Jiangshan Lu, Imanol Luengo, Christina B. Lund, Huan Minh Luu, Yi Lv, Yi Lv, Uzay Macar, Leon Maechler, Sina Mansour L., Kenji Marshall, Moona Mazher, Richard McKinley, Alfonso Medela, Felix Meissen, Mingyuan Meng, Dylan Miller, Seyed Hossein Mirjahanmardi, Arnab Mishra, Samir Mitha, Hassan Mohy-ud-Din, Tony Chi Wing Mok, Gowtham Krishnan Murugesan, Enamundram Naga Karthik, Sahil Nalawade, Jakub Nalepa, Mohamed Naser, Ramin Nateghi, Hammad Naveed, Quang-Minh Nguyen, Cuong Nguyen Quoc, Brennan Nichyporuk, Bruno Oliveira, David Owen, Jimut Bahan Pal, Junwen Pan, Wentao Pan, Winnie Pang, Bogyu Park, Vivek Pawar, Kamlesh Pawar, Michael Peven, Lena Philipp, Tomasz Pieciak, Szymon Plotka, Marcel Plutat, Fattaneh Pourakpour, Domen Preložnik, Kumaradevan Punithakumar, Abdul Qayyum, Sandro Queirós, Arman Rahmim, Salar Razavi, Jintao Ren, Mina Rezaei, Jonathan Adam Rico, ZunHyan Rieu, Markus Rink, Johannes Roth, Yusely Ruiz-Gonzalez, Numan Saeed, Anindo Saha, Mostafa Salem, Ricardo Sanchez-Matilla, Kurt Schilling, Wei Shao, Zhiqiang Shen, Ruize Shi, Pengcheng Shi, Daniel Sobotka, Théodore Soulier, Bella Specktor Fadida, Danail Stoyanov, Timothy Sum Hon Mun, Xiaowu Sun, Rong Tao, Franz Thaler, Antoine Théberge, Felix Thielke, Helena Torres, Kareem A. Wahid, Jiacheng Wang, YiFei Wang, Wei Wang, Xiong Wang, Jianhui Wen, Ning Wen, Marek Wodzinski, Ye Wu, Fangfang Xia, Tianqi Xiang, Chen Xiaofei, Lizhan Xu, Tingting Xue, Yuxuan Yang, Lin Yang, Kai Yao, Huifeng Yao, Amirsaeed Yazdani, Michael Yip, Hwanseung Yoo, Fereshteh Yousefirizi, Shunkai Yu, Lei Yu, Jonathan Zamora, Ramy Ashraf Zeineldin, Dewen Zeng, Jianpeng Zhang, Bokai Zhang, Jiapeng Zhang, Fan Zhang, Huahong Zhang, Zhongchen Zhao, Zixuan Zhao, Jiachen Zhao, Can Zhao, Qingshuo Zheng, Yuheng Zhi, Ziqi Zhou, Baosheng Zou, Klaus Maier-Hein, Paul F. Jäger, Annette Kopp-Schneider, Lena Maier-Hein

The number of international benchmarking competitions is steadily increasing in various fields of machine learning (ML) research and practice. So far, however, little is known about the common practice as well as bottlenecks faced by the community in tackling the research questions posed. To shed light on the status quo of algorithm development in the specific field of biomedical imaging analysis, we designed an international survey that was issued to all participants of challenges conducted in conjunction with the IEEE ISBI 2021 and MICCAI 2021 conferences (80 competitions in total). The survey covered participants' expertise and working environments, their chosen strategies, as well as algorithm characteristics. A median of 72% challenge participants took part in the survey. According to our results, knowledge exchange was the primary incentive (70%) for participation, while the reception of prize money played only a minor role (16%). While a median of 80 working hours was spent on method development, a large portion of participants stated that they did not have enough time for method development (32%). 25% perceived the infrastructure to be a bottleneck. Overall, 94% of all solutions were deep learning-based. Of these, 84% were based on standard architectures. 43% of the respondents reported that the data samples (e.g., images) were too large to be processed at once. This was most commonly addressed by patch-based training (69%), downsampling (37%), and solving 3D analysis tasks as a series of 2D tasks. K-fold cross-validation on the training set was performed by only 37% of the participants and only 50% of the participants performed ensembling based on multiple identical models (61%) or heterogeneous models (39%). 48% of the respondents applied postprocessing steps.

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Contour Dice loss for structures with Fuzzy and Complex Boundaries in Fetal MRI

Sep 25, 2022
Bella Specktor Fadida, Bossmat Yehuda, Daphna Link Sourani, Liat Ben Sira, Dafna Ben Bashat, Leo Joskowicz

Figure 1 for Contour Dice loss for structures with Fuzzy and Complex Boundaries in Fetal MRI
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Figure 4 for Contour Dice loss for structures with Fuzzy and Complex Boundaries in Fetal MRI

Volumetric measurements of fetal structures in MRI are time consuming and error prone and therefore require automatic segmentation. Placenta segmentation and accurate fetal brain segmentation for gyrification assessment are particularly challenging because of the placenta fuzzy boundaries and the fetal brain cortex complex foldings. In this paper, we study the use of the Contour Dice loss for both problems and compare it to other boundary losses and to the combined Dice and Cross-Entropy loss. The loss is computed efficiently for each slice via erosion, dilation and XOR operators. We describe a new formulation of the loss akin to the Contour Dice metric. The combination of the Dice loss and the Contour Dice yielded the best performance for placenta segmentation. For fetal brain segmentation, the best performing loss was the combined Dice with Cross-Entropy loss followed by the Dice with Contour Dice loss, which performed better than other boundary losses.

* 15 pages, 7 figures, Accepted to ECCV-MCV 2022: https://mcv-workshop.github.io/ 
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Partial annotations for the segmentation of large structures with low annotation cost

Sep 25, 2022
Bella Specktor Fadida, Daphna Link Sourani, Liat Ben Sira Elka Miller, Dafna Ben Bashat, Leo Joskowicz

Deep learning methods have been shown to be effective for the automatic segmentation of structures and pathologies in medical imaging. However, they require large annotated datasets, whose manual segmentation is a tedious and time-consuming task, especially for large structures. We present a new method of partial annotations that uses a small set of consecutive annotated slices from each scan with an annotation effort that is equal to that of only few annotated cases. The training with partial annotations is performed by using only annotated blocks, incorporating information about slices outside the structure of interest and modifying a batch loss function to consider only the annotated slices. To facilitate training in a low data regime, we use a two-step optimization process. We tested the method with the popular soft Dice loss for the fetal body segmentation task in two MRI sequences, TRUFI and FIESTA, and compared full annotation regime to partial annotations with a similar annotation effort. For TRUFI data, the use of partial annotations yielded slightly better performance on average compared to full annotations with an increase in Dice score from 0.936 to 0.942, and a substantial decrease in Standard Deviations (STD) of Dice score by 22% and Average Symmetric Surface Distance (ASSD) by 15%. For the FIESTA sequence, partial annotations also yielded a decrease in STD of the Dice score and ASSD metrics by 27.5% and 33% respectively for in-distribution data, and a substantial improvement also in average performance on out-of-distribution data, increasing Dice score from 0.84 to 0.9 and decreasing ASSD from 7.46 to 4.01 mm. The two-step optimization process was helpful for partial annotations for both in-distribution and out-of-distribution data. The partial annotations method with the two-step optimizer is therefore recommended to improve segmentation performance under low data regime.

* Medical Image Learning with Limited and Noisy Data. MILLanD 2022. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 13559. Springer, Cham  
* 10 pages, 4 figures 
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Fetal Brain Tissue Annotation and Segmentation Challenge Results

Apr 20, 2022
Kelly Payette, Hongwei Li, Priscille de Dumast, Roxane Licandro, Hui Ji, Md Mahfuzur Rahman Siddiquee, Daguang Xu, Andriy Myronenko, Hao Liu, Yuchen Pei, Lisheng Wang, Ying Peng, Juanying Xie, Huiquan Zhang, Guiming Dong, Hao Fu, Guotai Wang, ZunHyan Rieu, Donghyeon Kim, Hyun Gi Kim, Davood Karimi, Ali Gholipour, Helena R. Torres, Bruno Oliveira, João L. Vilaça, Yang Lin, Netanell Avisdris, Ori Ben-Zvi, Dafna Ben Bashat, Lucas Fidon, Michael Aertsen, Tom Vercauteren, Daniel Sobotka, Georg Langs, Mireia Alenyà, Maria Inmaculada Villanueva, Oscar Camara, Bella Specktor Fadida, Leo Joskowicz, Liao Weibin, Lv Yi, Li Xuesong, Moona Mazher, Abdul Qayyum, Domenec Puig, Hamza Kebiri, Zelin Zhang, Xinyi Xu, Dan Wu, KuanLun Liao, YiXuan Wu, JinTai Chen, Yunzhi Xu, Li Zhao, Lana Vasung, Bjoern Menze, Meritxell Bach Cuadra, Andras Jakab

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Figure 2 for Fetal Brain Tissue Annotation and Segmentation Challenge Results
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Figure 4 for Fetal Brain Tissue Annotation and Segmentation Challenge Results

In-utero fetal MRI is emerging as an important tool in the diagnosis and analysis of the developing human brain. Automatic segmentation of the developing fetal brain is a vital step in the quantitative analysis of prenatal neurodevelopment both in the research and clinical context. However, manual segmentation of cerebral structures is time-consuming and prone to error and inter-observer variability. Therefore, we organized the Fetal Tissue Annotation (FeTA) Challenge in 2021 in order to encourage the development of automatic segmentation algorithms on an international level. The challenge utilized FeTA Dataset, an open dataset of fetal brain MRI reconstructions segmented into seven different tissues (external cerebrospinal fluid, grey matter, white matter, ventricles, cerebellum, brainstem, deep grey matter). 20 international teams participated in this challenge, submitting a total of 21 algorithms for evaluation. In this paper, we provide a detailed analysis of the results from both a technical and clinical perspective. All participants relied on deep learning methods, mainly U-Nets, with some variability present in the network architecture, optimization, and image pre- and post-processing. The majority of teams used existing medical imaging deep learning frameworks. The main differences between the submissions were the fine tuning done during training, and the specific pre- and post-processing steps performed. The challenge results showed that almost all submissions performed similarly. Four of the top five teams used ensemble learning methods. However, one team's algorithm performed significantly superior to the other submissions, and consisted of an asymmetrical U-Net network architecture. This paper provides a first of its kind benchmark for future automatic multi-tissue segmentation algorithms for the developing human brain in utero.

* Results from FeTA Challenge 2021, held at MICCAI; Manuscript submitted 
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