Recently, Transformer-based methods have been utilized to improve the performance of human action recognition. However, most of these studies assume that multi-view data is complete, which may not always be the case in real-world scenarios. Therefore, this paper presents a novel Multi-view Knowledge Distillation Transformer (MKDT) framework that consists of a teacher network and a student network. This framework aims to handle incomplete human action problems in real-world applications. Specifically, the multi-view knowledge distillation transformer uses a hierarchical vision transformer with shifted windows to capture more spatial-temporal information. Experimental results demonstrate that our framework outperforms the CNN-based method on three public datasets.
Federated learning aims to share private data to maximize the data utility without privacy leakage. Previous federated learning research mainly focuses on multi-class classification problems. However, multi-label classification is a crucial research problem close to real-world data properties. Nevertheless, a limited number of federated learning studies explore this research problem. Existing studies of multi-label federated learning did not consider the characteristics of multi-label data, i.e., they used the concept of multi-class classification to verify their methods' performance, which means it will not be feasible to apply their methods to real-world applications. Therefore, this study proposed a new multi-label federated learning framework with a Clustering-based Multi-label Data Allocation (CMDA) and a novel aggregation method, Fast Label-Adaptive Aggregation (FLAG), for multi-label classification in the federated learning environment. The experimental results demonstrate that our methods only need less than 50\% of training epochs and communication rounds to surpass the performance of state-of-the-art federated learning methods.
Arrhythmia detection from ECG is an important research subject in the prevention and diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. The prevailing studies formulate arrhythmia detection from ECG as a time series classification problem. Meanwhile, early detection of arrhythmia presents a real-world demand for early prevention and diagnosis. In this paper, we address a problem of cardiovascular disease early classification, which is a varied-length and long-length time series early classification problem as well. For solving this problem, we propose a deep reinforcement learning-based framework, namely Snippet Policy Network (SPN), consisting of four modules, snippet generator, backbone network, controlling agent, and discriminator. Comparing to the existing approaches, the proposed framework features flexible input length, solves the dual-optimization solution of the earliness and accuracy goals. Experimental results demonstrate that SPN achieves an excellent performance of over 80\% in terms of accuracy. Compared to the state-of-the-art methods, at least 7% improvement on different metrics, including the precision, recall, F1-score, and harmonic mean, is delivered by the proposed SPN. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work focusing on solving the cardiovascular early classification problem based on varied-length ECG data. Based on these excellent features from SPN, it offers a good exemplification for addressing all kinds of varied-length time series early classification problems.