Research on data generation and augmentation has been focused majorly on enhancing generation models, leaving a notable gap in the exploration and refinement of methods for evaluating synthetic data. There are several text similarity metrics within the context of generated data filtering which can impact the performance of specific Natural Language Understanding (NLU) tasks, specifically focusing on intent and sentiment classification. In this study, we propose RankAug, a text-ranking approach that detects and filters out the top augmented texts in terms of being most similar in meaning with lexical and syntactical diversity. Through experiments conducted on multiple datasets, we demonstrate that the judicious selection of filtering techniques can yield a substantial improvement of up to 35% in classification accuracy for under-represented classes.
While sadness is a human emotion that people experience at certain times throughout their lives, inflicting them with emotional disappointment and pain, depression is a longer term mental illness which impairs social, occupational, and other vital regions of functioning making it a much more serious issue and needs to be catered to at the earliest. NLP techniques can be utilized for the detection and subsequent diagnosis of these emotions. Most of the open sourced data on the web deal with sadness as a part of depression, as an emotion even though the difference in severity of both is huge. Thus, we create our own novel dataset illustrating the difference between the two. In this paper, we aim to highlight the difference between the two and highlight how interpretable our models are to distinctly label sadness and depression. Due to the sensitive nature of such information, privacy measures need to be taken for handling and training of such data. Hence, we also explore the effect of Federated Learning (FL) on contextualised language models.
Privacy is important considering the financial Domain as such data is highly confidential and sensitive. Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques can be applied for text classification and entity detection purposes in financial domains such as customer feedback sentiment analysis, invoice entity detection, categorisation of financial documents by type etc. Due to the sensitive nature of such data, privacy measures need to be taken for handling and training large models with such data. In this work, we propose a contextualized transformer (BERT and RoBERTa) based text classification model integrated with privacy features such as Differential Privacy (DP) and Federated Learning (FL). We present how to privately train NLP models and desirable privacy-utility tradeoffs and evaluate them on the Financial Phrase Bank dataset.
Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques can be applied to help with the diagnosis of medical conditions such as depression, using a collection of a person's utterances. Depression is a serious medical illness that can have adverse effects on how one feels, thinks, and acts, which can lead to emotional and physical problems. Due to the sensitive nature of such data, privacy measures need to be taken for handling and training models with such data. In this work, we study the effects that the application of Differential Privacy (DP) has, in both a centralized and a Federated Learning (FL) setup, on training contextualized language models (BERT, ALBERT, RoBERTa and DistilBERT). We offer insights on how to privately train NLP models and what architectures and setups provide more desirable privacy utility trade-offs. We envisage this work to be used in future healthcare and mental health studies to keep medical history private. Therefore, we provide an open-source implementation of this work.