Get our free extension to see links to code for papers anywhere online!Free add-on: code for papers everywhere!Free add-on: See code for papers anywhere!

Abstract:We develop a diffusion-based approach for various document layout sequence generation. Layout sequences specify the contents of a document design in an explicit format. Our novel diffusion-based approach works in the sequence domain rather than the image domain in order to permit more complex and realistic layouts. We also introduce a new metric, Document Earth Mover's Distance (Doc-EMD). By considering similarity between heterogeneous categories document designs, we handle the shortcomings of prior document metrics that only evaluate the same category of layouts. Our empirical analysis shows that our diffusion-based approach is comparable to or outperforming other previous methods for layout generation across various document datasets. Moreover, our metric is capable of differentiating documents better than previous metrics for specific cases.

Via

Figures and Tables:

Abstract:Printed text recognition is an important problem for industrial OCR systems. Printed text is constructed in a standard procedural fashion in most settings. We develop a mathematical model for this process that can be applied to the backward inference problem of text recognition from an image. Through ablation experiments we show that this model is realistic and that a multi-task objective setting can help to stabilize estimation of its free parameters, enabling use of conventional deep learning methods. Furthermore, by directly modeling the geometric perturbations of text synthesis we show that our model can help recover missing characters from incomplete text regions, the bane of multicomponent OCR systems, enabling recognition even when the detection returns incomplete information.

Via

Figures and Tables:

Abstract:In this work, we present a novel and practical approach to address one of the longstanding problems in computer vision: 2D and 3D affine invariant feature matching. Our Grassmannian Graph (GrassGraph) framework employs a two stage procedure that is capable of robustly recovering correspondences between two unorganized, affinely related feature (point) sets. The first stage maps the feature sets to an affine invariant Grassmannian representation, where the features are mapped into the same subspace. It turns out that coordinate representations extracted from the Grassmannian differ by an arbitrary orthonormal matrix. In the second stage, by approximating the Laplace-Beltrami operator (LBO) on these coordinates, this extra orthonormal factor is nullified, providing true affine-invariant coordinates which we then utilize to recover correspondences via simple nearest neighbor relations. The resulting GrassGraph algorithm is empirically shown to work well in non-ideal scenarios with noise, outliers, and occlusions. Our validation benchmarks use an unprecedented 440,000+ experimental trials performed on 2D and 3D datasets, with a variety of parameter settings and competing methods. State-of-the-art performance in the majority of these extensive evaluations confirm the utility of our method.

Via

Abstract:We prove that the density function of the gradient of a sufficiently smooth function $S : \Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, obtained via a random variable transformation of a uniformly distributed random variable, is increasingly closely approximated by the normalized power spectrum of $\phi=\exp\left(\frac{iS}{\tau}\right)$ as the free parameter $\tau \rightarrow 0$. The result is shown using the stationary phase approximation and standard integration techniques and requires proper ordering of limits. We highlight a relationship with the well-known characteristic function approach to density estimation, and detail why our result is distinct from this approach.

Via