In this paper, disturbance reconstruction and robust trajectory tracking control of biped robots with hybrid dynamics in the port-Hamiltonian form is investigated. A new type of Hamiltonian function is introduced, which ensures the finite-time stability of the closed-loop system. The proposed control system consists of two loops: an inner and an outer loop. A fractional proportional-integral-derivative filter is used to achieve finite-time convergence for position tracking errors at the outer loop. A fractional-order sliding mode controller acts as a centralized controller at the inner-loop, ensuring the finite-time stability of the velocity tracking error. In this loop, the undesired effects of unknown external disturbance and parameter uncertainties are compensated using estimators. Two disturbance estimators are envisioned. The former is designed using fractional calculus. The latter is an adaptive estimator, and it is constructed using the general dynamic of biped robots. Stability analysis shows that the closed-loop system is finite-time stable in both contact-less and impact phases. Simulation studies on two types of biped robots (i.e., two-link walker and RABBIT biped robot) demonstrate the proposed controller's tracking performance and disturbance rejection capability.
This paper proposes a technique to manipulate an object with a nonholonomic mobile robot by pushing, which is a nonprehensile manipulation motion primitive. Such a primitive involves unilateral constraints associated with the friction between the robot and the manipulated object. Violating this constraint produces the slippage of the object during the manipulation, preventing the correct achievement of the task. A linear time-varying model predictive control is designed to include the unilateral constraint within the control action properly. The approach is verified in a dynamic simulation environment through a Pioneer 3-DX wheeled robot executing the pushing manipulation of a package.