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"Sentiment Analysis": models, code, and papers

Learning Relationships between Text, Audio, and Video via Deep Canonical Correlation for Multimodal Language Analysis

Nov 13, 2019
Zhongkai Sun, Prathusha Sarma, William Sethares, Yingyu Liang

Multimodal language analysis often considers relationships between features based on text and those based on acoustical and visual properties. Text features typically outperform non-text features in sentiment analysis or emotion recognition tasks in part because the text features are derived from advanced language models or word embeddings trained on massive data sources while audio and video features are human-engineered and comparatively underdeveloped. Given that the text, audio, and video are describing the same utterance in different ways, we hypothesize that the multimodal sentiment analysis and emotion recognition can be improved by learning (hidden) correlations between features extracted from the outer product of text and audio (we call this text-based audio) and analogous text-based video. This paper proposes a novel model, the Interaction Canonical Correlation Network (ICCN), to learn such multimodal embeddings. ICCN learns correlations between all three modes via deep canonical correlation analysis (DCCA) and the proposed embeddings are then tested on several benchmark datasets and against other state-of-the-art multimodal embedding algorithms. Empirical results and ablation studies confirm the effectiveness of ICCN in capturing useful information from all three views.

  

Tasty Burgers, Soggy Fries: Probing Aspect Robustness in Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis

Sep 30, 2020
Xiaoyu Xing, Zhijing Jin, Di Jin, Bingning Wang, Qi Zhang, Xuanjing Huang

Aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) aims to predict the sentiment towards a specific aspect in the text. However, existing ABSA test sets cannot be used to probe whether a model can distinguish the sentiment of the target aspect from the non-target aspects. To solve this problem, we develop a simple but effective approach to enrich ABSA test sets. Specifically, we generate new examples to disentangle the confounding sentiments of the non-target aspects from the target aspect's sentiment. Based on the SemEval 2014 dataset, we construct the Aspect Robustness Test Set (ARTS) as a comprehensive probe of the aspect robustness of ABSA models. Over 92% data of ARTS show high fluency and desired sentiment on all aspects by human evaluation. Using ARTS, we analyze the robustness of nine ABSA models, and observe, surprisingly, that their accuracy drops by up to 69.73%. Our code and new test set are available at https://github.com/zhijing-jin/ARTS_TestSet.

* EMNLP 2020, long paper 
  

Sentiment Analysis for Open Domain Conversational Agent

Jan 03, 2021
Mohamad Alissa, Issa Haddad, Jonathan Meyer, Jade Obeid, Kostis Vilaetis, Nicolas Wiecek, Sukrit Wongariyakavee

The applicability of common sentiment analysis models to open domain human robot interaction is investigated within this paper. The models are used on a dataset specific to user interaction with the Alana system (a Alexa prize system) in order to determine which would be more appropriate for the task of identifying sentiment when a user interacts with a non-human driven socialbot. With the identification of a model, various improvements are attempted and detailed prior to integration into the Alana system. The study showed that a Random Forest Model with 25 trees trained on the dataset specific to user interaction with the Alana system combined with the dataset present in NLTK Vader outperforms other models. The new system (called 'Rob') matches it's output utterance sentiment with the user's utterance sentiment. This method is expected to improve user experience because it builds upon the overall sentiment detection which makes it seem that new system sympathises with user feelings. Furthermore, the results obtained from the user feedback confirms our expectation.

* 9 pages, 3 figures 
  

Crowdsourcing for Beyond Polarity Sentiment Analysis A Pure Emotion Lexicon

Oct 04, 2017
Giannis Haralabopoulos, Elena Simperl

Sentiment analysis aims to uncover emotions conveyed through information. In its simplest form, it is performed on a polarity basis, where the goal is to classify information with positive or negative emotion. Recent research has explored more nuanced ways to capture emotions that go beyond polarity. For these methods to work, they require a critical resource: a lexicon that is appropriate for the task at hand, in terms of the range of emotions it captures diversity. In the past, sentiment analysis lexicons have been created by experts, such as linguists and behavioural scientists, with strict rules. Lexicon evaluation was also performed by experts or gold standards. In our paper, we propose a crowdsourcing method for lexicon acquisition, which is scalable, cost-effective, and doesn't require experts or gold standards. We also compare crowd and expert evaluations of the lexicon, to assess the overall lexicon quality, and the evaluation capabilities of the crowd.

* Keywords: Beyond Polarity, Pure Sentiment, Crowdsourcing, Sentiment Analysis, Lexicon Acquisition, Reddit, Twitter, Brexit [19 pages, 6 figures, 4 tables] 
  

Adaptive Prompt Learning-based Few-Shot Sentiment Analysis

May 15, 2022
Pengfei Zhang, Tingting Chai, Yongdong Xu

In the field of natural language processing, sentiment analysis via deep learning has a excellent performance by using large labeled datasets. Meanwhile, labeled data are insufficient in many sentiment analysis, and obtaining these data is time-consuming and laborious. Prompt learning devotes to resolving the data deficiency by reformulating downstream tasks with the help of prompt. In this way, the appropriate prompt is very important for the performance of the model. This paper proposes an adaptive prompting(AP) construction strategy using seq2seq-attention structure to acquire the semantic information of the input sequence. Then dynamically construct adaptive prompt which can not only improve the quality of the prompt, but also can effectively generalize to other fields by pre-trained prompt which is constructed by existing public labeled data. The experimental results on FewCLUE datasets demonstrate that the proposed method AP can effectively construct appropriate adaptive prompt regardless of the quality of hand-crafted prompt and outperform the state-of-the-art baselines.

  

[email protected] at SemEval-2022 Task 10: Structured Sentiment Analysis Using A Generative Approach

May 01, 2022
Raghav R, Adarsh Vemali, Rajdeep Mukherjee

Structured Sentiment Analysis (SSA) deals with extracting opinion tuples in a text, where each tuple (h, e, t, p) consists of h, the holder, who expresses a sentiment polarity p towards a target t through a sentiment expression e. While prior works explore graph-based or sequence labeling-based approaches for the task, we in this paper present a novel unified generative method to solve SSA, a SemEval2022 shared task. We leverage a BART-based encoder-decoder architecture and suitably modify it to generate, given a sentence, a sequence of opinion tuples. Each generated tuple consists of seven integers respectively representing the indices corresponding to the start and end positions of the holder, target, and expression spans, followed by the sentiment polarity class associated between the target and the sentiment expression. We perform rigorous experiments for both Monolingual and Cross-lingual subtasks, and achieve competitive Sentiment F1 scores on the leaderboard in both settings.

* 9 pages, accepted at SemEval 2022 (collocated with NAACL 2022) 
  

MeisterMorxrc at SemEval-2020 Task 9: Fine-Tune Bert and Multitask Learning for Sentiment Analysis of Code-Mixed Tweets

Dec 15, 2020
Qi Wu, Peng Wang, Chenghao Huang

Natural language processing (NLP) has been applied to various fields including text classification and sentiment analysis. In the shared task of sentiment analysis of code-mixed tweets, which is a part of the SemEval-2020 competition~\cite{patwa2020sentimix}, we preprocess datasets by replacing emoji and deleting uncommon characters and so on, and then fine-tune the Bidirectional Encoder Representation from Transformers(BERT) to perform the best. After exhausting top3 submissions, Our team MeisterMorxrc achieves an averaged F1 score of 0.730 in this task, and and our codalab username is MeisterMorxrc.

  

Recurrent Entity Networks with Delayed Memory Update for Targeted Aspect-based Sentiment Analysis

Apr 30, 2018
Fei Liu, Trevor Cohn, Timothy Baldwin

While neural networks have been shown to achieve impressive results for sentence-level sentiment analysis, targeted aspect-based sentiment analysis (TABSA) --- extraction of fine-grained opinion polarity w.r.t. a pre-defined set of aspects --- remains a difficult task. Motivated by recent advances in memory-augmented models for machine reading, we propose a novel architecture, utilising external "memory chains" with a delayed memory update mechanism to track entities. On a TABSA task, the proposed model demonstrates substantial improvements over state-of-the-art approaches, including those using external knowledge bases.

* Accepted to NAACL 2018 (camera-ready) 
  

Exploiting Social Network Structure for Person-to-Person Sentiment Analysis

Sep 08, 2014
Robert West, Hristo S. Paskov, Jure Leskovec, Christopher Potts

Person-to-person evaluations are prevalent in all kinds of discourse and important for establishing reputations, building social bonds, and shaping public opinion. Such evaluations can be analyzed separately using signed social networks and textual sentiment analysis, but this misses the rich interactions between language and social context. To capture such interactions, we develop a model that predicts individual A's opinion of individual B by synthesizing information from the signed social network in which A and B are embedded with sentiment analysis of the evaluative texts relating A to B. We prove that this problem is NP-hard but can be relaxed to an efficiently solvable hinge-loss Markov random field, and we show that this implementation outperforms text-only and network-only versions in two very different datasets involving community-level decision-making: the Wikipedia Requests for Adminship corpus and the Convote U.S. Congressional speech corpus.

  
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