Face sketch generation has attracted much attention in the field of visual computing. However, existing methods either are limited to constrained conditions or heavily rely on various preprocessing steps to deal with in-the-wild cases. In this paper, we argue that accurately perceiving facial region and facial components is crucial for unconstrained sketch synthesis. To this end, we propose a novel Perception-Adaptive Network (PANet), which can generate high-quality face sketches under unconstrained conditions in an end-to-end scheme. Specifically, our PANet is composed of i) a Fully Convolutional Encoder for hierarchical feature extraction, ii) a Face-Adaptive Perceiving Decoder for extracting potential facial region and handling face variations, and iii) a Component-Adaptive Perceiving Module for facial component aware feature representation learning. To facilitate further researches of unconstrained face sketch synthesis, we introduce a new benchmark termed WildSketch, which contains 800 pairs of face photo-sketch with large variations in pose, expression, ethnic origin, background, and illumination. Extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed method is capable of achieving state-of-the-art performance under both constrained and unconstrained conditions. Our source codes and the WildSketch benchmark are resealed on the project page http://lingboliu.com/unconstrained_face_sketch.html.
Multi-Person Tracking (MPT) is often addressed within the detection-to-association paradigm. In such approaches, human detections are first extracted in every frame and person trajectories are then recovered by a procedure of data association (usually offline). However, their performances usually degenerate in presence of detection errors, mutual interactions and occlusions. In this paper, we present a deep learning based MPT approach that learns instance-aware representations of tracked persons and robustly online infers states of the tracked persons. Specifically, we design a multi-branch neural network (MBN), which predicts the classification confidences and locations of all targets by taking a batch of candidate regions as input. In our MBN architecture, each branch (instance-subnet) corresponds to an individual to be tracked and new branches can be dynamically created for handling newly appearing persons. Then based on the output of MBN, we construct a joint association matrix that represents meaningful states of tracked persons (e.g., being tracked or disappearing from the scene) and solve it by using the efficient Hungarian algorithm. Moreover, we allow the instance-subnets to be updated during tracking by online mining hard examples, accounting to person appearance variations over time. We comprehensively evaluate our framework on a popular MPT benchmark, demonstrating its excellent performance in comparison with recent online MPT methods.
This paper focuses on semantic task planning, i.e., predicting a sequence of actions toward accomplishing a specific task under a certain scene, which is a new problem in computer vision research. The primary challenges are how to model task-specific knowledge and how to integrate this knowledge into the learning procedure. In this work, we propose training a recurrent long short-term memory (LSTM) network to address this problem, i.e., taking a scene image (including pre-located objects) and the specified task as input and recurrently predicting action sequences. However, training such a network generally requires large numbers of annotated samples to cover the semantic space (e.g., diverse action decomposition and ordering). To overcome this issue, we introduce a knowledge and-or graph (AOG) for task description, which hierarchically represents a task as atomic actions. With this AOG representation, we can produce many valid samples (i.e., action sequences according to common sense) by training another auxiliary LSTM network with a small set of annotated samples. Furthermore, these generated samples (i.e., task-oriented action sequences) effectively facilitate training of the model for semantic task planning. In our experiments, we create a new dataset that contains diverse daily tasks and extensively evaluate the effectiveness of our approach.