Offshore wind power is an important part of the new power system, due to the complex and changing situation at ocean, its normal operation and maintenance cannot be done without information such as images, therefore, it is especially important to transmit the correct image in the process of information transmission. In this paper, we propose a new encryption algorithm for offshore wind power based on two-dimensional lagged complex logistic mapping (2D-LCLM) and Zhou Yi Eight Trigrams. Firstly, the initial value of the 2D-LCLM is constructed by the Sha-256 to associate the 2D-LCLM with the plaintext. Secondly, a new encryption rule is proposed from the Zhou Yi Eight Trigrams to obfuscate the pixel values and generate the round key. Then, 2D-LCLM is combined with the Zigzag to form an S-box. Finally, the simulation experiment of the algorithm is accomplished. The experimental results demonstrate that the algorithm can resistant common attacks and has prefect encryption performance.
Cybersecurity is the security cornerstone of digital transformation of the power grid and construction of new power systems. The traditional network security situation quantification method only analyzes from the perspective of network performance, ignoring the impact of various power application services on the security situation, so the quantification results cannot fully reflect the power information network risk state. This study proposes a method for quantifying security situation of the power information network based on the evolutionary neural network. First, the security posture system architecture is designed by analyzing the business characteristics of power information network applications. Second, combining the importance of power application business, the spatial element index system of coupled interconnection is established from three dimensions of network reliability, threat, and vulnerability. Then, the BP neural network optimized by the genetic evolutionary algorithm is incorporated into the element index calculation process, and the quantitative model of security posture of the power information network based on the evolutionary neural network is constructed. Finally, a simulation experiment environment is built according to a power sector network topology, and the effectiveness and robustness of the method proposed in the study are verified.
In recent years, with the development of wind energy, the number and scale of wind farms are developing rapidly. Since offshore wind farm has the advantages of stable wind speed, clean, renewable, non-polluting and no occupation of cultivated land, which has gradually become a new trend of wind power industry all over the world. The operation and maintenance mode of offshore wind power is developing in the direction of digitization and intelligence. It is of great significance to carry out the research on the monitoring, operation and maintenance of offshore wind farm, which will be of benefits to reduce the operation and maintenance cost, improve the power generation efficiency, improve the stability of offshore wind farm system and build smart offshore wind farm. This paper will mainly analyze and summarize the monitoring, operation and maintenance of offshore wind farm, especially from the following points: monitoring of "offshore wind power engineering & biological & environment", the monitoring of power equipment and the operation & maintenance of smart offshore wind farms. Finally, the future research challenges about monitoring, operation and maintenance of smart offshore wind farm are proposed, and the future research directions in this field are prospected.
Communication efficiency plays an important role in accelerating the distributed training of Deep Neural Networks (DNN). All-reduce is the key communication primitive to reduce model parameters in distributed DNN training. Most existing all-reduce algorithms are designed for traditional electrical interconnect systems, which cannot meet the communication requirements for distributed training of large DNNs. One of the promising alternatives for electrical interconnect is optical interconnect, which can provide high bandwidth, low transmission delay, and low power cost. We propose an efficient scheme called WRHT (Wavelength Reused Hierarchical Tree) for implementing all-reduce operation in optical interconnect system, which can take advantage of WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing) to reduce the communication time of distributed data-parallel DNN training. We further derive the minimum number of communication steps and communication time to realize the all-reduce using WRHT. Simulation results show that the communication time of WRHT is reduced by 75.59%, 49.25%, and 70.1% respectively compared with three traditional all-reduce algorithms simulated in optical interconnect system. Simulation results also show that WRHT can reduce the communication time for all-reduce operation by 86.69% and 84.71% in comparison with two existing all-reduce algorithms in electrical interconnect system.
With the development of smart grid, the operation and control of power system is realized through power communication network, especially the power production and enterprise management business involve a large amount of sensitive information, and the requirements for data security and real-time transmission are gradually improved. In this paper, a new 9D complex chaotic system with quaternion is proposed for the encryption of smart grid data. Firstly, a new 9D complex chaotic system with quaternion is proposed, and its attractors, bifurcation diagram, complexity, and 0-1 test are analyzed. Secondly, the pseudo-random sequences are generated by the new chaotic system to encrypt power data. Finally, the proposed encryption algorithm is verifed with power data and images in the smart grid, which can ensure the encryption security and real-time. The verifcation results show that the proposed encryption scheme is technically feasible and available for power data and image encryption in smart grid.
With the rapid advancement of the Energy Internet strategy, the number of sensors within the Power Distribution Internet of Things (PD-IoT) has increased dramatically. In this paper, an edge intelligence-based PD-IoT multi-source data processing and fusion method is proposed to solve the problems of confusing storage and insufficient fusion computing performance of multi-source heterogeneous distribution data. First, a PD-IoT multi-source data processing and fusion architecture based on edge smart terminals is designed. Second, to realize the uniform conversion of various sensor data sources in the distribution network in terms of magnitude and order of magnitude. By introducing the Box-Cox transform to improve the data offset problem in the Zscore normalization process, a multi-source heterogeneous data processing method for distribution networks based on the Box-Cox transform Zscore is proposed. Then, the conflicting phenomena of DS inference methods in data source fusion are optimally handled based on the PCA algorithm. A multi-source data fusion model based on DS inference with conflict optimization is constructed to ensure the effective fusion of distribution data sources from different domains. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by an experimental analysis of an IEEE39 node system in a regional distribution network in China.