In this paper, a reduced-complexity cross-domain iterative detection for orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation is proposed, which exploits channel properties in both time and delay-Doppler domains. Specifically, we first show that in the time domain effective channel, the path delay only introduces interference among samples in adjacent time slots, while the Doppler becomes a phase term that does not affect the channel sparsity. This ``band-limited'' matrix structure motivates us to apply a reduced-size linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) filter to eliminate the effect of delay in the time domain, while exploiting the cross-domain iteration for minimizing the effect of Doppler by noticing that the time and Doppler are a pair of Fourier dual. The state (MSE) evolution was derived and compared with bounds to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme achieves almost the same error performance as the optimal detection, but only requires a reduced complexity.
* 5 pages, 5 figures; this work has been accepted by SPAWC 2023
In this paper, we study the pulse shaping for delay-Doppler (DD) communications. We start with constructing a basis function in the DD domain following the properties of the Zak transform. Particularly, we show that the constructed basis functions are globally quasi-periodic while locally twisted-shifted, and their significance in time and frequency domains are then revealed. We further analyze the ambiguity function of the basis function, and show that fully localized ambiguity function can be achieved by constructing the basis function using periodic signals. More importantly, we prove that time and frequency truncating such basis functions naturally leads to delay and Doppler orthogonalities, if the truncating windows are orthogonal or periodic. Motivated by this, we propose a DD Nyquist pulse shaping scheme considering signals with periodicity. Finally, our conclusions are verified by using various orthogonal and periodic pulses.
In this paper, we propose a novel integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) transmission framework based on the spatially-spread orthogonal time frequency space (SS-OTFS) modulation by considering the fact that communication channel strengths cannot be directly obtained from radar sensing. We first propose the concept of SS-OTFS modulation, where the key novelty is the angular domain discretization enabled by the spatial-spreading/de-spreading. This discretization gives rise to simple and insightful effective models for both radar sensing and communication, which result in simplified designs for the related estimation and detection problems. In particular, we design simple beam tracking, angle estimation, and power allocation schemes for radar sensing, by utilizing the special structure of the effective radar sensing matrix. Meanwhile, we provide a detailed analysis on the pair-wise error probability (PEP) for communication, which unveils the key conditions for both precoding and power allocation designs. Based on those conditions, we design a symbol-wise precoding scheme for communication based only on the delay, Doppler, and angle estimates from radar sensing, without the a priori knowledge of the communication channel fading coefficients, and also introduce the power allocation for communication. Furthermore, we notice that radar sensing and communication requires different power allocations. Therefore, we discuss the performances of both the radar sensing and communication with different power allocations and show that the power allocation should be designed leaning towards radar sensing in practical scenarios. The effectiveness of the proposed ISAC transmission framework is verified by our numerical results, which also agree with our analysis and discussions.