Artificial Intelligence (AI) is making a profound impact in almost every domain. A vital enabler of its great success is the availability of abundant and high-quality data for building machine learning models. Recently, the role of data in AI has been significantly magnified, giving rise to the emerging concept of data-centric AI. The attention of researchers and practitioners has gradually shifted from advancing model design to enhancing the quality and quantity of the data. In this survey, we discuss the necessity of data-centric AI, followed by a holistic view of three general data-centric goals (training data development, inference data development, and data maintenance) and the representative methods. We also organize the existing literature from automation and collaboration perspectives, discuss the challenges, and tabulate the benchmarks for various tasks. We believe this is the first comprehensive survey that provides a global view of a spectrum of tasks across various stages of the data lifecycle. We hope it can help the readers efficiently grasp a broad picture of this field, and equip them with the techniques and further research ideas to systematically engineer data for building AI systems. A companion list of data-centric AI resources will be regularly updated on https://github.com/daochenzha/data-centric-AI
The role of data in building AI systems has recently been significantly magnified by the emerging concept of data-centric AI (DCAI), which advocates a fundamental shift from model advancements to ensuring data quality and reliability. Although our community has continuously invested efforts into enhancing data in different aspects, they are often isolated initiatives on specific tasks. To facilitate the collective initiative in our community and push forward DCAI, we draw a big picture and bring together three general missions: training data development, evaluation data development, and data maintenance. We provide a top-level discussion on representative DCAI tasks and share perspectives. Finally, we list open challenges to motivate future exploration.
Deploying machine learning models to edge devices has many real-world applications, especially for the scenarios that demand low latency, low power, or data privacy. However, it requires substantial research and engineering efforts due to the limited computational resources and memory of edge devices. In this demo, we present BED, an object detection system for edge devices practiced on the MAX78000 DNN accelerator. BED integrates on-device DNN inference with a camera and a screen for image acquisition and output exhibition, respectively. Experiment results indicate BED can provide accurate detection with an only 300KB tiny DNN model.
Action recognition is a crucial task for video understanding. In this paper, we present AutoVideo, a Python system for automated video action recognition. It currently supports seven action recognition algorithms and various pre-processing modules. Unlike the existing libraries that only provide model zoos, AutoVideo is built with the standard pipeline language. The basic building block is primitive, which wraps a pre-processing module or an algorithm with some hyperparameters. AutoVideo is highly modular and extendable. It can be easily combined with AutoML searchers. The pipeline language is quite general so that we can easily enrich AutoVideo with algorithms for various other video-related tasks in the future. AutoVideo is released under MIT license at https://github.com/datamllab/autovideo