Advances in artificial intelligence/machine learning methods provide tools that have broad applicability in scientific research. These techniques are being applied across the diversity of nuclear physics research topics, leading to advances that will facilitate scientific discoveries and societal applications. This Review gives a snapshot of nuclear physics research which has been transformed by artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques.
In this article we describe the development of machine learning models to assist the CLAS12 tracking algorithm by identifying the best track candidates from combinatorial track candidates from the hits in drift chambers. Several types of machine learning models were tested, including: Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) and Extremely Randomized Trees (ERT). The final implementation was based on an MLP network and provided an accuracy $>99\%$. The implementation of AI assisted tracking into the CLAS12 reconstruction workflow and provided a 6 times code speedup.