Given the widespread adoption of depth-sensing acquisition devices, RGB-D videos and related data/media have gained considerable traction in various aspects of daily life. Consequently, conducting salient object detection (SOD) in RGB-D videos presents a highly promising and evolving avenue. Despite the potential of this area, SOD in RGB-D videos remains somewhat under-explored, with RGB-D SOD and video SOD (VSOD) traditionally studied in isolation. To explore this emerging field, this paper makes two primary contributions: the dataset and the model. On one front, we construct the RDVS dataset, a new RGB-D VSOD dataset with realistic depth and characterized by its diversity of scenes and rigorous frame-by-frame annotations. We validate the dataset through comprehensive attribute and object-oriented analyses, and provide training and testing splits. Moreover, we introduce DCTNet+, a three-stream network tailored for RGB-D VSOD, with an emphasis on RGB modality and treats depth and optical flow as auxiliary modalities. In pursuit of effective feature enhancement, refinement, and fusion for precise final prediction, we propose two modules: the multi-modal attention module (MAM) and the refinement fusion module (RFM). To enhance interaction and fusion within RFM, we design a universal interaction module (UIM) and then integrate holistic multi-modal attentive paths (HMAPs) for refining multi-modal low-level features before reaching RFMs. Comprehensive experiments, conducted on pseudo RGB-D video datasets alongside our RDVS, highlight the superiority of DCTNet+ over 17 VSOD models and 14 RGB-D SOD models. Ablation experiments were performed on both pseudo and realistic RGB-D video datasets to demonstrate the advantages of individual modules as well as the necessity of introducing realistic depth. Our code together with RDVS dataset will be available at https://github.com/kerenfu/RDVS/.
Shape generation is the practice of producing 3D shapes as various representations for 3D content creation. Previous studies on 3D shape generation have focused on shape quality and structure, without or less considering the importance of semantic information. Consequently, such generative models often fail to preserve the semantic consistency of shape structure or enable manipulation of the semantic attributes of shapes during generation. In this paper, we proposed a novel semantic generative model named 3D Semantic Subspace Traverser that utilizes semantic attributes for category-specific 3D shape generation and editing. Our method utilizes implicit functions as the 3D shape representation and combines a novel latent-space GAN with a linear subspace model to discover semantic dimensions in the local latent space of 3D shapes. Each dimension of the subspace corresponds to a particular semantic attribute, and we can edit the attributes of generated shapes by traversing the coefficients of those dimensions. Experimental results demonstrate that our method can produce plausible shapes with complex structures and enable the editing of semantic attributes. The code and trained models are available at https://github.com/TrepangCat/3D_Semantic_Subspace_Traverser
Light field salient object detection (SOD) is an emerging research direction attributed to the richness of light field data. However, most existing methods lack effective handling of focal stacks, therefore making the latter involved in a lot of interfering information and degrade the performance of SOD. To address this limitation, we propose to utilize multi-modal features to refine focal stacks in a guided manner, resulting in a novel guided focal stack refinement network called GFRNet. To this end, we propose a guided refinement and fusion module (GRFM) to refine focal stacks and aggregate multi-modal features. In GRFM, all-in-focus (AiF) and depth modalities are utilized to refine focal stacks separately, leading to two novel sub-modules for different modalities, namely AiF-based refinement module (ARM) and depth-based refinement module (DRM). Such refinement modules enhance structural and positional information of salient objects in focal stacks, and are able to improve SOD accuracy. Experimental results on four benchmark datasets demonstrate the superiority of our GFRNet model against 12 state-of-the-art models.
Inspired by expert evaluation policy for urban perception, we proposed a novel inverse reinforcement learning (IRL) based framework for predicting urban safety and recovering the corresponding reward function. We also presented a scalable state representation method to model the prediction problem as a Markov decision process (MDP) and use reinforcement learning (RL) to solve the problem. Additionally, we built a dataset called SmallCity based on the crowdsourcing method to conduct the research. As far as we know, this is the first time the IRL approach has been introduced to the urban safety perception and planning field to help experts quantitatively analyze perceptual features. Our results showed that IRL has promising prospects in this field. We will later open-source the crowdsourcing data collection site and the model proposed in this paper.
Recently CNN-based RGB-D salient object detection (SOD) has obtained significant improvement on detection accuracy. However, existing models often fail to perform well in terms of efficiency and accuracy simultaneously. This hinders their potential applications on mobile devices as well as many real-world problems. To bridge the accuracy gap between lightweight and large models for RGB-D SOD, in this paper, an efficient module that can greatly improve the accuracy but adds little computation is proposed. Inspired by the fact that depth quality is a key factor influencing the accuracy, we propose an efficient depth quality-inspired feature manipulation (DQFM) process, which can dynamically filter depth features according to depth quality. The proposed DQFM resorts to the alignment of low-level RGB and depth features, as well as holistic attention of the depth stream to explicitly control and enhance cross-modal fusion. We embed DQFM to obtain an efficient lightweight RGB-D SOD model called DFM-Net, where we in addition design a tailored depth backbone and a two-stage decoder as basic parts. Extensive experimental results on nine RGB-D datasets demonstrate that our DFM-Net outperforms recent efficient models, running at about 20 FPS on CPU with only 8.5Mb model size, and meanwhile being 2.9/2.4 times faster and 6.7/3.1 times smaller than the latest best models A2dele and MobileSal. It also maintains state-of-the-art accuracy when even compared to non-efficient models. Interestingly, further statistics and analyses verify the ability of DQFM in distinguishing depth maps of various qualities without any quality labels. Last but not least, we further apply DFM-Net to deal with video SOD (VSOD), achieving comparable performance against recent efficient models while being 3/2.3 times faster/smaller than the prior best in this field. Our code is available at https://github.com/zwbx/DFM-Net.
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) tracking has wide potential applications in such as agriculture, navigation, and public security. However, the limitations of computing resources, battery capacity, and maximum load of UAV hinder the deployment of deep learning-based tracking algorithms on UAV. Consequently, discriminative correlation filters (DCF) trackers stand out in the UAV tracking community because of their high efficiency. However, their precision is usually much lower than trackers based on deep learning. Model compression is a promising way to narrow the gap (i.e., effciency, precision) between DCF- and deep learning- based trackers, which has not caught much attention in UAV tracking. In this paper, we propose the P-SiamFC++ tracker, which is the first to use rank-based filter pruning to compress the SiamFC++ model, achieving a remarkable balance between efficiency and precision. Our method is general and may encourage further studies on UAV tracking with model compression. Extensive experiments on four UAV benchmarks, including UAV123@10fps, DTB70, UAVDT and Vistrone2018, show that P-SiamFC++ tracker significantly outperforms state-of-the-art UAV tracking methods.
Estimating homography from an image pair is a fundamental problem in image alignment. Unsupervised learning methods have received increasing attention in this field due to their promising performance and label-free training. However, existing methods do not explicitly consider the problem of plane-induced parallax, which will make the predicted homography compromised on multiple planes. In this work, we propose a novel method HomoGAN to guide unsupervised homography estimation to focus on the dominant plane. First, a multi-scale transformer network is designed to predict homography from the feature pyramids of input images in a coarse-to-fine fashion. Moreover, we propose an unsupervised GAN to impose coplanarity constraint on the predicted homography, which is realized by using a generator to predict a mask of aligned regions, and then a discriminator to check if two masked feature maps are induced by a single homography. To validate the effectiveness of HomoGAN and its components, we conduct extensive experiments on a large-scale dataset, and the results show that our matching error is 22% lower than the previous SOTA method. Code is available at https://github.com/megvii-research/HomoGAN.
Depth can provide useful geographical cues for salient object detection (SOD), and has been proven helpful in recent RGB-D SOD methods. However, existing video salient object detection (VSOD) methods only utilize spatiotemporal information and seldom exploit depth information for detection. In this paper, we propose a depth-cooperated trimodal network, called DCTNet for VSOD, which is a pioneering work to incorporate depth information to assist VSOD. To this end, we first generate depth from RGB frames, and then propose an approach to treat the three modalities unequally. Specifically, a multi-modal attention module (MAM) is designed to model multi-modal long-range dependencies between the main modality (RGB) and the two auxiliary modalities (depth, optical flow). We also introduce a refinement fusion module (RFM) to suppress noises in each modality and select useful information dynamically for further feature refinement. Lastly, a progressive fusion strategy is adopted after the refined features to achieve final cross-modal fusion. Experiments on five benchmark datasets demonstrate the superiority of our depth-cooperated model against 12 state-of-the-art methods, and the necessity of depth is also validated.