CLIP embeddings have demonstrated remarkable performance across a wide range of computer vision tasks. However, these high-dimensional, dense vector representations are not easily interpretable, restricting their usefulness in downstream applications that require transparency. In this work, we empirically show that CLIP's latent space is highly structured, and consequently that CLIP representations can be decomposed into their underlying semantic components. We leverage this understanding to propose a novel method, Sparse Linear Concept Embeddings (SpLiCE), for transforming CLIP representations into sparse linear combinations of human-interpretable concepts. Distinct from previous work, SpLiCE does not require concept labels and can be applied post hoc. Through extensive experimentation with multiple real-world datasets, we validate that the representations output by SpLiCE can explain and even replace traditional dense CLIP representations, maintaining equivalent downstream performance while significantly improving their interpretability. We also demonstrate several use cases of SpLiCE representations including detecting spurious correlations, model editing, and quantifying semantic shifts in datasets.
As public consciousness regarding the collection and use of personal information by corporations grows, it is of increasing importance that consumers be active participants in the curation of corporate datasets. In light of this, data governance frameworks such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) have outlined the right to be forgotten as a key principle allowing individuals to request that their personal data be deleted from the databases and models used by organizations. To achieve forgetting in practice, several machine unlearning methods have been proposed to address the computational inefficiencies of retraining a model from scratch with each unlearning request. While efficient online alternatives to retraining, it is unclear how these methods impact other properties critical to real-world applications, such as fairness. In this work, we propose the first fair machine unlearning method that can provably and efficiently unlearn data instances while preserving group fairness. We derive theoretical results which demonstrate that our method can provably unlearn data instances while maintaining fairness objectives. Extensive experimentation with real-world datasets highlight the efficacy of our method at unlearning data instances while preserving fairness.
Machine learning models are updated as new data is acquired or new architectures are developed. These updates usually increase model performance, but may introduce backward compatibility errors, where individual users or groups of users see their performance on the updated model adversely affected. This problem can also be present when training datasets do not accurately reflect overall population demographics, with some groups having overall lower participation in the data collection process, posing a significant fairness concern. We analyze how ideas from distributional robustness and minimax fairness can aid backward compatibility in this scenario, and propose two methods to directly address this issue. Our theoretical analysis is backed by experimental results on CIFAR-10, CelebA, and Waterbirds, three standard image classification datasets. Code available at github.com/natalialmg/GroupBC
We present our entry into the 2021 3C Shared Task Citation Context Classification based on Purpose competition. The goal of the competition is to classify a citation in a scientific article based on its purpose. This task is important because it could potentially lead to more comprehensive ways of summarizing the purpose and uses of scientific articles, but it is also difficult, mainly due to the limited amount of available training data in which the purposes of each citation have been hand-labeled, along with the subjectivity of these labels. Our entry in the competition is a multi-task model that combines multiple modules designed to handle the problem from different perspectives, including hand-generated linguistic features, TF-IDF features, and an LSTM-with-attention model. We also provide an ablation study and feature analysis whose insights could lead to future work.
* Second Workshop on Scholarly Document Processing