Neural style transfer (NST) is widely adopted in computer vision to generate new images with arbitrary styles. This process leverages neural networks to merge aesthetic elements of a style image with the structural aspects of a content image into a harmoniously integrated visual result. However, unauthorized NST can exploit artwork. Such misuse raises socio-technical concerns regarding artists' rights and motivates the development of technical approaches for the proactive protection of original creations. Adversarial attack is a concept primarily explored in machine learning security. Our work introduces this technique to protect artists' intellectual property. In this paper Locally Adaptive Adversarial Color Attack (LAACA), a method for altering images in a manner imperceptible to the human eyes but disruptive to NST. Specifically, we design perturbations targeting image areas rich in high-frequency content, generated by disrupting intermediate features. Our experiments and user study confirm that by attacking NST using the proposed method results in visually worse neural style transfer, thus making it an effective solution for visual artwork protection.
To alleviate the heavy annotation burden for training a reliable crowd counting model and thus make the model more practicable and accurate by being able to benefit from more data, this paper presents a new semi-supervised method based on the mean teacher framework. When there is a scarcity of labeled data available, the model is prone to overfit local patches. Within such contexts, the conventional approach of solely improving the accuracy of local patch predictions through unlabeled data proves inadequate. Consequently, we propose a more nuanced approach: fostering the model's intrinsic 'subitizing' capability. This ability allows the model to accurately estimate the count in regions by leveraging its understanding of the crowd scenes, mirroring the human cognitive process. To achieve this goal, we apply masking on unlabeled data, guiding the model to make predictions for these masked patches based on the holistic cues. Furthermore, to help with feature learning, herein we incorporate a fine-grained density classification task. Our method is general and applicable to most existing crowd counting methods as it doesn't have strict structural or loss constraints. In addition, we observe that the model trained with our framework exhibits a 'subitizing'-like behavior. It accurately predicts low-density regions with only a 'glance', while incorporating local details to predict high-density regions. Our method achieves the state-of-the-art performance, surpassing previous approaches by a large margin on challenging benchmarks such as ShanghaiTech A and UCF-QNRF. The code is available at: https://github.com/cha15yq/MRC-Crowd.
This paper discusses the benefits of incorporating multimodal data for improving latent emotion recognition accuracy, focusing on micro-expression (ME) and physiological signals (PS). The proposed approach presents a novel multimodal learning framework that combines ME and PS, including a 1D separable and mixable depthwise inception network, a standardised normal distribution weighted feature fusion method, and depth/physiology guided attention modules for multimodal learning. Experimental results show that the proposed approach outperforms the benchmark method, with the weighted fusion method and guided attention modules both contributing to enhanced performance.
In this paper, we tackle the challenge of white-box false positive adversarial attacks on contrastive loss-based offline handwritten signature verification models. We propose a novel attack method that treats the attack as a style transfer between closely related but distinct writing styles. To guide the generation of deceptive images, we introduce two new loss functions that enhance the attack success rate by perturbing the Euclidean distance between the embedding vectors of the original and synthesized samples, while ensuring minimal perturbations by reducing the difference between the generated image and the original image. Our method demonstrates state-of-the-art performance in white-box attacks on contrastive loss-based offline handwritten signature verification models, as evidenced by our experiments. The key contributions of this paper include a novel false positive attack method, two new loss functions, effective style transfer in handwriting styles, and superior performance in white-box false positive attacks compared to other white-box attack methods.