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Subhajit Sidhanta

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Context-Aware Design of Cyber-Physical Human Systems (CPHS)

Jan 07, 2020
Supratik Mukhopadhyay, Qun Liu, Edward Collier, Yimin Zhu, Ravindra Gudishala, Chanachok Chokwitthaya, Robert DiBiano, Alimire Nabijiang, Sanaz Saeidi, Subhajit Sidhanta, Arnab Ganguly

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Recently, it has been widely accepted by the research community that interactions between humans and cyber-physical infrastructures have played a significant role in determining the performance of the latter. The existing paradigm for designing cyber-physical systems for optimal performance focuses on developing models based on historical data. The impacts of context factors driving human system interaction are challenging and are difficult to capture and replicate in existing design models. As a result, many existing models do not or only partially address those context factors of a new design owing to the lack of capabilities to capture the context factors. This limitation in many existing models often causes performance gaps between predicted and measured results. We envision a new design environment, a cyber-physical human system (CPHS) where decision-making processes for physical infrastructures under design are intelligently connected to distributed resources over cyberinfrastructure such as experiments on design features and empirical evidence from operations of existing instances. The framework combines existing design models with context-aware design-specific data involving human-infrastructure interactions in new designs, using a machine learning approach to create augmented design models with improved predictive powers.

* Paper was accepted at the 12th International Conference on Communication Systems and Networks (COMSNETS 2020) 
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