In this work, we consider the problem of designing secure and efficient federated learning (FL) frameworks. Existing solutions either involve a trusted aggregator or require heavyweight cryptographic primitives, which degrades performance significantly. Moreover, many existing secure FL designs work only under the restrictive assumption that none of the clients can be dropped out from the training protocol. To tackle these problems, we propose SEFL, a secure and efficient FL framework that (1) eliminates the need for the trusted entities; (2) achieves similar and even better model accuracy compared with existing FL designs; (3) is resilient to client dropouts. Through extensive experimental studies on natural language processing (NLP) tasks, we demonstrate that the SEFL achieves comparable accuracy compared to existing FL solutions, and the proposed pruning technique can improve runtime performance up to 13.7x.
Distributed learning such as federated learning or collaborative learning enables model training on decentralized data from users and only collects local gradients, where data is processed close to its sources for data privacy. The nature of not centralizing the training data addresses the privacy issue of privacy-sensitive data. Recent studies show that a third party can reconstruct the true training data in the distributed machine learning system through the publicly-shared gradients. However, existing reconstruction attack frameworks lack generalizability on different Deep Neural Network (DNN) architectures and different weight distribution initialization, and can only succeed in the early training phase. To address these limitations, in this paper, we propose a more general privacy attack from gradient, SAPAG, which uses a Gaussian kernel based of gradient difference as a distance measure. Our experiments demonstrate that SAPAG can construct the training data on different DNNs with different weight initializations and on DNNs in any training phases.
Deep learning or deep neural networks (DNNs) have nowadays enabled high performance, including but not limited to fraud detection, recommendations, and different kinds of analytical transactions. However, the large model size, high computational cost, and vulnerability against membership inference attack (MIA) have impeded its popularity, especially on resource-constrained edge devices. As the first attempt to simultaneously address these challenges, we envision that DNN model compression technique will help deep learning models against MIA while reducing model storage and computational cost. We jointly formulate model compression and MIA as MCMIA, and provide an analytic method of solving the problem. We evaluate our method on LeNet-5, VGG16, MobileNetV2, ResNet18 on different datasets including MNIST, CIFAR-10, CIFAR-100, and ImageNet. Experimental results show that our MCMIA model can reduce the attack accuracy, therefore reduce the information leakage from MIA. Our proposed method significantly outperforms differential privacy (DP) on MIA. Compared with our MCMIA--Pruning, our MCMIA--Pruning \& Min-Max game can achieve the lowest attack accuracy, therefore maximally enhance DNN model privacy. Thanks to the hardware-friendly characteristic of model compression, our proposed MCMIA is especially useful in deploying DNNs on resource-constrained platforms in a privacy-preserving manner.