Alert button
Picture for Ruiyuan Li

Ruiyuan Li

Alert button

A Lightweight and Accurate Spatial-Temporal Transformer for Traffic Forecasting

Jan 04, 2022
Guanyao Li, Shuhan Zhong, Letian Xiang, S. -H. Gary Chan, Ruiyuan Li, Chih-Chieh Hung, Wen-Chih Peng

Figure 1 for A Lightweight and Accurate Spatial-Temporal Transformer for Traffic Forecasting
Figure 2 for A Lightweight and Accurate Spatial-Temporal Transformer for Traffic Forecasting
Figure 3 for A Lightweight and Accurate Spatial-Temporal Transformer for Traffic Forecasting
Figure 4 for A Lightweight and Accurate Spatial-Temporal Transformer for Traffic Forecasting

We study the forecasting problem for traffic with dynamic, possibly periodical, and joint spatial-temporal dependency between regions. Given the aggregated inflow and outflow traffic of regions in a city from time slots 0 to t-1, we predict the traffic at time t at any region. Prior arts in the area often consider the spatial and temporal dependencies in a decoupled manner or are rather computationally intensive in training with a large number of hyper-parameters to tune. We propose ST-TIS, a novel, lightweight, and accurate Spatial-Temporal Transformer with information fusion and region sampling for traffic forecasting. ST-TIS extends the canonical Transformer with information fusion and region sampling. The information fusion module captures the complex spatial-temporal dependency between regions. The region sampling module is to improve the efficiency and prediction accuracy, cutting the computation complexity for dependency learning from $O(n^2)$ to $O(n\sqrt{n})$, where n is the number of regions. With far fewer parameters than state-of-the-art models, the offline training of our model is significantly faster in terms of tuning and computation (with a reduction of up to $90\%$ on training time and network parameters). Notwithstanding such training efficiency, extensive experiments show that ST-TIS is substantially more accurate in online prediction than state-of-the-art approaches (with an average improvement of up to $9.5\%$ on RMSE, and $12.4\%$ on MAPE).

Viaarxiv icon

POI Alias Discovery in Delivery Addresses using User Locations

Sep 20, 2021
Tianfu He, Guochun Chen, Chuishi Meng, Huajun He, Zheyi Pan, Yexin Li, Sijie Ruan, Huimin Ren, Ye Yuan, Ruiyuan Li, Junbo Zhang, Jie Bao, Hui He, Yu Zheng

Figure 1 for POI Alias Discovery in Delivery Addresses using User Locations
Figure 2 for POI Alias Discovery in Delivery Addresses using User Locations
Figure 3 for POI Alias Discovery in Delivery Addresses using User Locations
Figure 4 for POI Alias Discovery in Delivery Addresses using User Locations

People often refer to a place of interest (POI) by an alias. In e-commerce scenarios, the POI alias problem affects the quality of the delivery address of online orders, bringing substantial challenges to intelligent logistics systems and market decision-making. Labeling the aliases of POIs involves heavy human labor, which is inefficient and expensive. Inspired by the observation that the users' GPS locations are highly related to their delivery address, we propose a ubiquitous alias discovery framework. Firstly, for each POI name in delivery addresses, the location data of its associated users, namely Mobility Profile are extracted. Then, we identify the alias relationship by modeling the similarity of mobility profiles. Comprehensive experiments on the large-scale location data and delivery address data from JD logistics validate the effectiveness.

Viaarxiv icon

Predicting Citywide Crowd Flows Using Deep Spatio-Temporal Residual Networks

Jan 10, 2017
Junbo Zhang, Yu Zheng, Dekang Qi, Ruiyuan Li, Xiuwen Yi, Tianrui Li

Figure 1 for Predicting Citywide Crowd Flows Using Deep Spatio-Temporal Residual Networks
Figure 2 for Predicting Citywide Crowd Flows Using Deep Spatio-Temporal Residual Networks
Figure 3 for Predicting Citywide Crowd Flows Using Deep Spatio-Temporal Residual Networks
Figure 4 for Predicting Citywide Crowd Flows Using Deep Spatio-Temporal Residual Networks

Forecasting the flow of crowds is of great importance to traffic management and public safety, and very challenging as it is affected by many complex factors, including spatial dependencies (nearby and distant), temporal dependencies (closeness, period, trend), and external conditions (e.g., weather and events). We propose a deep-learning-based approach, called ST-ResNet, to collectively forecast two types of crowd flows (i.e. inflow and outflow) in each and every region of a city. We design an end-to-end structure of ST-ResNet based on unique properties of spatio-temporal data. More specifically, we employ the residual neural network framework to model the temporal closeness, period, and trend properties of crowd traffic. For each property, we design a branch of residual convolutional units, each of which models the spatial properties of crowd traffic. ST-ResNet learns to dynamically aggregate the output of the three residual neural networks based on data, assigning different weights to different branches and regions. The aggregation is further combined with external factors, such as weather and day of the week, to predict the final traffic of crowds in each and every region. We have developed a real-time system based on Microsoft Azure Cloud, called UrbanFlow, providing the crowd flow monitoring and forecasting in Guiyang City of China. In addition, we present an extensive experimental evaluation using two types of crowd flows in Beijing and New York City (NYC), where ST-ResNet outperforms nine well-known baselines.

* 21 pages, 16 figures. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1610.00081 
Viaarxiv icon