As large language models (LLMs) impact a growing number of complex domains, it is becoming increasingly important to have fair, accurate, and rigorous evaluation benchmarks. Evaluating the reasoning skills required for business and financial NLP stands out as a particularly difficult challenge. We introduce BizBench, a new benchmark for evaluating models' ability to reason about realistic financial problems. BizBench comprises 8 quantitative reasoning tasks. Notably, BizBench targets the complex task of question-answering (QA) for structured and unstructured financial data via program synthesis (i.e., code generation). We introduce three diverse financially-themed code-generation tasks from newly collected and augmented QA data. Additionally, we isolate distinct financial reasoning capabilities required to solve these QA tasks: reading comprehension of financial text and tables, which is required to extract correct intermediate values; and understanding domain knowledge (e.g., financial formulas) needed to calculate complex solutions. Collectively, these tasks evaluate a model's financial background knowledge, ability to extract numeric entities from financial documents, and capacity to solve problems with code. We conduct an in-depth evaluation of open-source and commercial LLMs, illustrating that BizBench is a challenging benchmark for quantitative reasoning in the finance and business domain.
Document layout analysis (DLA) is the task of detecting the distinct, semantic content within a document and correctly classifying these items into an appropriate category (e.g., text, title, figure). DLA pipelines enable users to convert documents into structured machine-readable formats that can then be used for many useful downstream tasks. Most existing state-of-the-art (SOTA) DLA models represent documents as images, discarding the rich metadata available in electronically generated PDFs. Directly leveraging this metadata, we represent each PDF page as a structured graph and frame the DLA problem as a graph segmentation and classification problem. We introduce the Graph-based Layout Analysis Model (GLAM), a lightweight graph neural network competitive with SOTA models on two challenging DLA datasets - while being an order of magnitude smaller than existing models. In particular, the 4-million parameter GLAM model outperforms the leading 140M+ parameter computer vision-based model on 5 of the 11 classes on the DocLayNet dataset. A simple ensemble of these two models achieves a new state-of-the-art on DocLayNet, increasing mAP from 76.8 to 80.8. Overall, GLAM is over 5 times more efficient than SOTA models, making GLAM a favorable engineering choice for DLA tasks.
Physical adversarial attacks threaten to fool object detection systems, but reproducible research on the real-world effectiveness of physical patches and how to defend against them requires a publicly available benchmark dataset. We present APRICOT, a collection of over 1,000 annotated photographs of printed adversarial patches in public locations. The patches target several object categories for three COCO-trained detection models, and the photos represent natural variation in position, distance, lighting conditions, and viewing angle. Our analysis suggests that maintaining adversarial robustness in uncontrolled settings is highly challenging, but it is still possible to produce targeted detections under white-box and sometimes black-box settings. We establish baselines for defending against adversarial patches through several methods, including a detector supervised with synthetic data and unsupervised methods such as kernel density estimation, Bayesian uncertainty, and reconstruction error. Our results suggest that adversarial patches can be effectively flagged, both in a high-knowledge, attack-specific scenario, and in an unsupervised setting where patches are detected as anomalies in natural images. This dataset and the described experiments provide a benchmark for future research on the effectiveness of and defenses against physical adversarial objects in the wild.