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Abstract:Federated learning is often used in environments with many unverified participants. Therefore, federated learning under adversarial attacks receives significant attention. This paper proposes an algorithmic framework for list-decodable federated learning, where a central server maintains a list of models, with at least one guaranteed to perform well. The framework has no strict restriction on the fraction of honest workers, extending the applicability of Byzantine federated learning to the scenario with more than half adversaries. Under proper assumptions on the loss function, we prove a convergence theorem for our method. Experimental results, including image classification tasks with both convex and non-convex losses, demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can withstand the malicious majority under various attacks.

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Abstract:We consider the multi-party classification problem introduced by Dong, Hartline, and Vijayaraghavan (2022) in the context of electronic discovery (e-discovery). Based on a request for production from the requesting party, the responding party is required to provide documents that are responsive to the request except for those that are legally privileged. Our goal is to find a protocol that verifies that the responding party sends almost all responsive documents while minimizing the disclosure of non-responsive documents. We provide protocols in the challenging non-realizable setting, where the instance may not be perfectly separated by a linear classifier. We demonstrate empirically that our protocol successfully manages to find almost all relevant documents, while incurring only a small disclosure of non-responsive documents. We complement this with a theoretical analysis of our protocol in the single-dimensional setting, and other experiments on simulated data which suggest that the non-responsive disclosure incurred by our protocol may be unavoidable.

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Abstract:We provide a new bi-criteria $\tilde{O}(\log^2 k)$ competitive algorithm for explainable $k$-means clustering. Explainable $k$-means was recently introduced by Dasgupta, Frost, Moshkovitz, and Rashtchian (ICML 2020). It is described by an easy to interpret and understand (threshold) decision tree or diagram. The cost of the explainable $k$-means clustering equals to the sum of costs of its clusters; and the cost of each cluster equals the sum of squared distances from the points in the cluster to the center of that cluster. Our randomized bi-criteria algorithm constructs a threshold decision tree that partitions the data set into $(1+\delta)k$ clusters (where $\delta\in (0,1)$ is a parameter of the algorithm). The cost of this clustering is at most $\tilde{O}(1/\delta \cdot \log^2 k)$ times the cost of the optimal unconstrained $k$-means clustering. We show that this bound is almost optimal.

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Abstract:We consider the problem of explainable $k$-medians and $k$-means introduced by Dasgupta, Frost, Moshkovitz, and Rashtchian~(ICML 2020). In this problem, our goal is to find a threshold decision tree that partitions data into $k$ clusters and minimizes the $k$-medians or $k$-means objective. The obtained clustering is easy to interpret because every decision node of a threshold tree splits data based on a single feature into two groups. We propose a new algorithm for this problem which is $\tilde O(\log k)$ competitive with $k$-medians with $\ell_1$ norm and $\tilde O(k)$ competitive with $k$-means. This is an improvement over the previous guarantees of $O(k)$ and $O(k^2)$ by Dasgupta et al (2020). We also provide a new algorithm which is $O(\log^{3/2} k)$ competitive for $k$-medians with $\ell_2$ norm. Our first algorithm is near-optimal: Dasgupta et al (2020) showed a lower bound of $\Omega(\log k)$ for $k$-medians; in this work, we prove a lower bound of $\tilde\Omega(k)$ for $k$-means. We also provide a lower bound of $\Omega(\log k)$ for $k$-medians with $\ell_2$ norm.

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Abstract:In this paper, we study k-means++ and k-means++ parallel, the two most popular algorithms for the classic k-means clustering problem. We provide novel analyses and show improved approximation and bi-criteria approximation guarantees for k-means++ and k-means++ parallel. Our results give a better theoretical justification for why these algorithms perform extremely well in practice. We also propose a new variant of k-means++ parallel algorithm (Exponential Race k-means++) that has the same approximation guarantees as k-means++.

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Abstract:We extend the model of stochastic bandits with adversarial corruption (Lykouriset al., 2018) to the stochastic linear optimization problem (Dani et al., 2008). Our algorithm is agnostic to the amount of corruption chosen by the adaptive adversary. The regret of the algorithm only increases linearly in the amount of corruption. Our algorithm involves using L\"owner-John's ellipsoid for exploration and dividing time horizon into epochs with exponentially increasing size to limit the influence of corruption.

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