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"Sentiment Analysis": models, code, and papers

INSIGHT-1 at SemEval-2016 Task 5: Deep Learning for Multilingual Aspect-based Sentiment Analysis

Sep 22, 2016
Sebastian Ruder, Parsa Ghaffari, John G. Breslin

This paper describes our deep learning-based approach to multilingual aspect-based sentiment analysis as part of SemEval 2016 Task 5. We use a convolutional neural network (CNN) for both aspect extraction and aspect-based sentiment analysis. We cast aspect extraction as a multi-label classification problem, outputting probabilities over aspects parameterized by a threshold. To determine the sentiment towards an aspect, we concatenate an aspect vector with every word embedding and apply a convolution over it. Our constrained system (unconstrained for English) achieves competitive results across all languages and domains, placing first or second in 5 and 7 out of 11 language-domain pairs for aspect category detection (slot 1) and sentiment polarity (slot 3) respectively, thereby demonstrating the viability of a deep learning-based approach for multilingual aspect-based sentiment analysis.

* Proceedings of SemEval (2016): 330-336 
* Published in Proceedings of SemEval-2016, 7 pages 
  
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SentiHood: Targeted Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis Dataset for Urban Neighbourhoods

Oct 12, 2016
Marzieh Saeidi, Guillaume Bouchard, Maria Liakata, Sebastian Riedel

In this paper, we introduce the task of targeted aspect-based sentiment analysis. The goal is to extract fine-grained information with respect to entities mentioned in user comments. This work extends both aspect-based sentiment analysis that assumes a single entity per document and targeted sentiment analysis that assumes a single sentiment towards a target entity. In particular, we identify the sentiment towards each aspect of one or more entities. As a testbed for this task, we introduce the SentiHood dataset, extracted from a question answering (QA) platform where urban neighbourhoods are discussed by users. In this context units of text often mention several aspects of one or more neighbourhoods. This is the first time that a generic social media platform in this case a QA platform, is used for fine-grained opinion mining. Text coming from QA platforms is far less constrained compared to text from review specific platforms which current datasets are based on. We develop several strong baselines, relying on logistic regression and state-of-the-art recurrent neural networks.

* Accepted at COLING 2016 
  
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Multi-Aspect Sentiment Analysis with Latent Sentiment-Aspect Attribution

Dec 15, 2020
Yifan Zhang, Fan Yang, Marjan Hosseinia, Arjun Mukherjee

In this paper, we introduce a new framework called the sentiment-aspect attribution module (SAAM). SAAM works on top of traditional neural networks and is designed to address the problem of multi-aspect sentiment classification and sentiment regression. The framework works by exploiting the correlations between sentence-level embedding features and variations of document-level aspect rating scores. We demonstrate several variations of our framework on top of CNN and RNN based models. Experiments on a hotel review dataset and a beer review dataset have shown SAAM can improve sentiment analysis performance over corresponding base models. Moreover, because of the way our framework intuitively combines sentence-level scores into document-level scores, it is able to provide a deeper insight into data (e.g., semi-supervised sentence aspect labeling). Hence, we end the paper with a detailed analysis that shows the potential of our models for other applications such as sentiment snippet extraction.

* 8 pages, published in The 2020 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conference on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology (WI-IAT 2020) 
  
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MOSI: Multimodal Corpus of Sentiment Intensity and Subjectivity Analysis in Online Opinion Videos

Aug 12, 2016
Amir Zadeh, Rowan Zellers, Eli Pincus, Louis-Philippe Morency

People are sharing their opinions, stories and reviews through online video sharing websites every day. Studying sentiment and subjectivity in these opinion videos is experiencing a growing attention from academia and industry. While sentiment analysis has been successful for text, it is an understudied research question for videos and multimedia content. The biggest setbacks for studies in this direction are lack of a proper dataset, methodology, baselines and statistical analysis of how information from different modality sources relate to each other. This paper introduces to the scientific community the first opinion-level annotated corpus of sentiment and subjectivity analysis in online videos called Multimodal Opinion-level Sentiment Intensity dataset (MOSI). The dataset is rigorously annotated with labels for subjectivity, sentiment intensity, per-frame and per-opinion annotated visual features, and per-milliseconds annotated audio features. Furthermore, we present baselines for future studies in this direction as well as a new multimodal fusion approach that jointly models spoken words and visual gestures.

* IEEE Intelligent Systems 31.6 (2016): 82-88 
* Accepted as Journal Publication in IEEE Intelligent Systems 
  
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Public sentiment analysis and topic modeling regarding COVID-19 vaccines on the Reddit social media platform: A call to action for strengthening vaccine confidence

Aug 22, 2021
Chad A Melton, Olufunto A Olusanya, Nariman Ammar, Arash Shaban-Nejad

The COVID-19 pandemic fueled one of the most rapid vaccine developments in history. However, misinformation spread through online social media often leads to negative vaccine sentiment and hesitancy. To investigate COVID-19 vaccine-related discussion in social media, we conducted a sentiment analysis and Latent Dirichlet Allocation topic modeling on textual data collected from 13 Reddit communities focusing on the COVID-19 vaccine from Dec 1, 2020, to May 15, 2021. Data were aggregated and analyzed by month to detect changes in any sentiment and latent topics. ty analysis suggested these communities expressed more positive sentiment than negative regarding the vaccine-related discussions and has remained static over time. Topic modeling revealed community members mainly focused on side effects rather than outlandish conspiracy theories. Covid-19 vaccine-related content from 13 subreddits show that the sentiments expressed in these communities are overall more positive than negative and have not meaningfully changed since December 2020. Keywords indicating vaccine hesitancy were detected throughout the LDA topic modeling. Public sentiment and topic modeling analysis regarding vaccines could facilitate the implementation of appropriate messaging, digital interventions, and new policies to promote vaccine confidence.

* Journal of Infection and Public Health, Available online 14 August 2021 
* 8 pages, 4 Figures, 2 Tables 
  
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Challenges for Open-domain Targeted Sentiment Analysis

Apr 15, 2022
Yun Luo, Hongjie Cai, Linyi Yang, Yanxia Qin, Rui Xia, Yue Zhang

Since previous studies on open-domain targeted sentiment analysis are limited in dataset domain variety and sentence level, we propose a novel dataset consisting of 6,013 human-labeled data to extend the data domains in topics of interest and document level. Furthermore, we offer a nested target annotation schema to extract the complete sentiment information in documents, boosting the practicality and effectiveness of open-domain targeted sentiment analysis. Moreover, we leverage the pre-trained model BART in a sequence-to-sequence generation method for the task. Benchmark results show that there exists large room for improvement of open-domain targeted sentiment analysis. Meanwhile, experiments have shown that challenges remain in the effective use of open-domain data, long documents, the complexity of target structure, and domain variances.

  
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Sentiment Analysis Based on Deep Learning: A Comparative Study

Jun 05, 2020
Nhan Cach Dang, María N. Moreno-García, Fernando De la Prieta

The study of public opinion can provide us with valuable information. The analysis of sentiment on social networks, such as Twitter or Facebook, has become a powerful means of learning about the users' opinions and has a wide range of applications. However, the efficiency and accuracy of sentiment analysis is being hindered by the challenges encountered in natural language processing (NLP). In recent years, it has been demonstrated that deep learning models are a promising solution to the challenges of NLP. This paper reviews the latest studies that have employed deep learning to solve sentiment analysis problems, such as sentiment polarity. Models using term frequency-inverse document frequency (TF-IDF) and word embedding have been applied to a series of datasets. Finally, a comparative study has been conducted on the experimental results obtained for the different models and input features

* Electronics, 9 (3), 483, 29 pages, 2020 
  
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Quality of Word Embeddings on Sentiment Analysis Tasks

Mar 06, 2020
Erion Çano, Maurizio Morisio

Word embeddings or distributed representations of words are being used in various applications like machine translation, sentiment analysis, topic identification etc. Quality of word embeddings and performance of their applications depends on several factors like training method, corpus size and relevance etc. In this study we compare performance of a dozen of pretrained word embedding models on lyrics sentiment analysis and movie review polarity tasks. According to our results, Twitter Tweets is the best on lyrics sentiment analysis, whereas Google News and Common Crawl are the top performers on movie polarity analysis. Glove trained models slightly outrun those trained with Skipgram. Also, factors like topic relevance and size of corpus significantly impact the quality of the models. When medium or large-sized text sets are available, obtaining word embeddings from same training dataset is usually the best choice.

* 6 pages, 4 figures, 2 tables. Published in proceedings of NLDB 2017, the 22nd Conference of Natural Language Processing and Information Systems, Liege, Belgium 
  
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Sentiment analysis is not solved! Assessing and probing sentiment classification

Jun 13, 2019
Jeremy Barnes, Lilja Øvrelid, Erik Velldal

Neural methods for SA have led to quantitative improvements over previous approaches, but these advances are not always accompanied with a thorough analysis of the qualitative differences. Therefore, it is not clear what outstanding conceptual challenges for sentiment analysis remain. In this work, we attempt to discover what challenges still prove a problem for sentiment classifiers for English and to provide a challenging dataset. We collect the subset of sentences that an (oracle) ensemble of state-of-the-art sentiment classifiers misclassify and then annotate them for 18 linguistic and paralinguistic phenomena, such as negation, sarcasm, modality, etc. The dataset is available at https://github.com/ltgoslo/assessing_and_probing_sentiment. Finally, we provide a case study that demonstrates the usefulness of the dataset to probe the performance of a given sentiment classifier with respect to linguistic phenomena.

* Accepted to BlackBoxNLP Workshop at ACL 2019 
  
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SentiCite: An Approach for Publication Sentiment Analysis

Oct 07, 2019
Dominique Mercier, Akansha Bhardwaj, Andreas Dengel, Sheraz Ahmed

With the rapid growth in the number of scientific publications, year after year, it is becoming increasingly difficult to identify quality authoritative work on a single topic. Though there is an availability of scientometric measures which promise to offer a solution to this problem, these measures are mostly quantitative and rely, for instance, only on the number of times an article is cited. With this approach, it becomes irrelevant if an article is cited 10 times in a positive, negative or neutral way. In this context, it is quite important to study the qualitative aspect of a citation to understand its significance. This paper presents a novel system for sentiment analysis of citations in scientific documents (SentiCite) and is also capable of detecting nature of citations by targeting the motivation behind a citation, e.g., reference to a dataset, reading reference. Furthermore, the paper also presents two datasets (SentiCiteDB and IntentCiteDB) containing about 2,600 citations with their ground truth for sentiment and nature of citation. SentiCite along with other state-of-the-art methods for sentiment analysis are evaluated on the presented datasets. Evaluation results reveal that SentiCite outperforms state-of-the-art methods for sentiment analysis in scientific publications by achieving a F1-measure of 0.71.

* Preprint, 8 pages, 2 figures, 10th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence 
  
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