This paper investigates the problem of activity detection and channel estimation in cooperative multi-cell massive access systems with temporally correlated activity, where all access points (APs) are connected to a central unit via fronthaul links. We propose to perform user-centric AP cooperation for computation burden alleviation and introduce a generalized sliding-window detection strategy for fully exploiting the temporal correlation in activity. By establishing the probabilistic model associated with the factor graph representation, we propose a scalable Dynamic Compressed Sensing-based Multiple Measurement Vector Generalized Approximate Message Passing (DCS-MMV-GAMP) algorithm from the perspective of Bayesian inference. Therein, the activity likelihood is refined by performing standard message passing among the activities in the spatial-temporal domain and GAMP is employed for efficient channel estimation. Furthermore, we develop two schemes of quantize-and-forward (QF) and detect-and-forward (DF) based on DCS-MMV-GAMP for the finite-fronthaul-capacity scenario, which are extensively evaluated under various system limits. Numerical results verify the significant superiority of the proposed approach over the benchmarks. Moreover, it is revealed that QF can usually realize superior performance when the antenna number is small, whereas DF shifts to be preferable with limited fronthaul capacity if the large-scale antenna arrays are equipped.
This paper studies the temporally-correlated massive access system where a large number of users communicate with the base station sporadically and continue transmitting data in the following frames in high probability when being active. To exploit both the sparsity and the temporal correlations in the user activities, we formulate the joint user activity detection and channel estimation problem in multiple consecutive frames as a dynamic compressed sensing (DCS) problem. Particularly, the problem is proposed to be solved under Bayesian inference to fully utilize the channel statistics and the activity evolution process. The hybrid generalized approximate message passing (HyGAMP) framework is leveraged to design a HyGAMP-DCS algorithm, which can nearly achieve the Bayesian optimality with efficient computations. Specifically, a GAMP part for channel estimation and an MP part for activity likelihood update are included in the proposed algorithm, then the extrinsic information is exchanged between them for performance enhancement. Moveover, we develop the expectation maximization HyGAMP-DCS (EM-HyGAMP-DCS) algorithm to adaptively learn the hyperparameters during the estimation procedure when the system statistics are unavailable. Particularly, the analytical tool of state evolution is provided to find the appropriate hyperparameter initialization that ensures EM-HyGAMP-DCS to achieve satisfied performance and fast convergence. From the simulation results, it is validated that our proposed algorithm can significantly outperform the existing methods.
This letter considers temporal-correlated massive access, where each device, once activated, is likely to transmit continuously over several consecutive frames. Motivated by that the device activity at each frame is correlated to not only its previous frame but also its next frame, we propose a double-sided information (DSI) aided joint activity detection and channel estimation algorithm based on the approximate message passing (AMP) framework. The DSI is extracted from the estimation results in a sliding window that contains the target detection frame and its previous and next frames. The proposed algorithm demonstrates superior performance over the state-of-the-art methods.