Axie infinity is a complicated card game with a huge-scale action space. This makes it difficult to solve this challenge using generic Reinforcement Learning (RL) algorithms. We propose a hybrid RL framework to learn action representations and game strategies. To avoid evaluating every action in the large feasible action set, our method evaluates actions in a fixed-size set which is determined using action representations. We compare the performance of our method with the other two baseline methods in terms of their sample efficiency and the winning rates of the trained models. We empirically show that our method achieves an overall best winning rate and the best sample efficiency among the three methods.
Chest x-ray imaging is widely used for the diagnosis of pneumothorax and there has been significant interest in developing automated methods to assist in image interpretation. We present an image classification pipeline which detects pneumothorax as well as the various types of chest tubes that are commonly used to treat pneumothorax. Our multi-stage algorithm is based on lung segmentation followed by pneumothorax classification, including classification of patches that are most likely to contain pneumothorax. This algorithm achieves state of the art performance for pneumothorax classification on an open-source benchmark dataset. Unlike previous work, this algorithm shows comparable performance on data with and without chest tubes and thus has an improved clinical utility. To evaluate these algorithms in a realistic clinical scenario, we demonstrate the ability to identify real cases of missed pneumothorax in a large dataset of chest x-ray studies.
Acute aortic syndrome (AAS) is a group of life threatening conditions of the aorta. We have developed an end-to-end automatic approach to detect AAS in computed tomography (CT) images. Our approach consists of two steps. At first, we extract N cross sections along the segmented aorta centerline for each CT scan. These cross sections are stacked together to form a new volume which is then classified using two different classifiers, a 3D convolutional neural network (3D CNN) and a multiple instance learning (MIL). We trained, validated, and compared two models on 2291 contrast CT volumes. We tested on a set aside cohort of 230 normal and 50 positive CT volumes. Our models detected AAS with an Area under Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.965 and 0.985 using 3DCNN and MIL, respectively.