Concept Bottleneck Models (CBM) are inherently interpretable models that factor model decisions into human-readable concepts. They allow people to easily understand why a model is failing, a critical feature for high-stakes applications. CBMs require manually specified concepts and often under-perform their black box counterparts, preventing their broad adoption. We address these shortcomings and are first to show how to construct high-performance CBMs without manual specification of similar accuracy to black box models. Our approach, Language Guided Bottlenecks (LaBo), leverages a language model, GPT-3, to define a large space of possible bottlenecks. Given a problem domain, LaBo uses GPT-3 to produce factual sentences about categories to form candidate concepts. LaBo efficiently searches possible bottlenecks through a novel submodular utility that promotes the selection of discriminative and diverse information. Ultimately, GPT-3's sentential concepts can be aligned to images using CLIP, to form a bottleneck layer. Experiments demonstrate that LaBo is a highly effective prior for concepts important to visual recognition. In the evaluation with 11 diverse datasets, LaBo bottlenecks excel at few-shot classification: they are 11.7% more accurate than black box linear probes at 1 shot and comparable with more data. Overall, LaBo demonstrates that inherently interpretable models can be widely applied at similar, or better, performance than black box approaches.
Egocentric videos offer fine-grained information for high-fidelity modeling of human behaviors. Hands and interacting objects are one crucial aspect of understanding a viewer's behaviors and intentions. We provide a labeled dataset consisting of 11,243 egocentric images with per-pixel segmentation labels of hands and objects being interacted with during a diverse array of daily activities. Our dataset is the first to label detailed hand-object contact boundaries. We introduce a context-aware compositional data augmentation technique to adapt to out-of-distribution YouTube egocentric video. We show that our robust hand-object segmentation model and dataset can serve as a foundational tool to boost or enable several downstream vision applications, including hand state classification, video activity recognition, 3D mesh reconstruction of hand-object interactions, and video inpainting of hand-object foregrounds in egocentric videos. Dataset and code are available at: https://github.com/owenzlz/EgoHOS