End-to-end learning has taken hold of many computer vision tasks, in particular, related to still images, with task-specific optimization yielding very strong performance. Nevertheless, human-centric action recognition is still largely dominated by hand-crafted pipelines, and only individual components are replaced by neural networks that typically operate on individual frames. As a testbed to study the relevance of such pipelines, we present a new fully annotated video dataset of fitness activities. Any recognition capabilities in this domain are almost exclusively a function of human poses and their temporal dynamics, so pose-based solutions should perform well. We show that, with this labelled data, end-to-end learning on raw pixels can compete with state-of-the-art action recognition pipelines based on pose estimation. We also show that end-to-end learning can support temporally fine-grained tasks such as real-time repetition counting.
Neural networks trained on datasets such as ImageNet have led to major advances in visual object classification. One obstacle that prevents networks from reasoning more deeply about complex scenes and situations, and from integrating visual knowledge with natural language, like humans do, is their lack of common sense knowledge about the physical world. Videos, unlike still images, contain a wealth of detailed information about the physical world. However, most labelled video datasets represent high-level concepts rather than detailed physical aspects about actions and scenes. In this work, we describe our ongoing collection of the "something-something" database of video prediction tasks whose solutions require a common sense understanding of the depicted situation. The database currently contains more than 100,000 videos across 174 classes, which are defined as caption-templates. We also describe the challenges in crowd-sourcing this data at scale.